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Archive for November 2021

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QUESTION

What is the carrying capacity of Earth for human beings if everyone lived a hunter-gatherer lifestyle?

MY ANSWER

THAT THERE ARE SO MANY HUMANS ON EARTH THAT WE NEED TO WORRY ABOUT THE EARTH’S HUMAN CARRYING CAPACITY IS AN IMPOSSIBLITY AND A CREATION OF THE HUMAN EGO.

WHAT HAPPENED TO MY ANSWER

THIS ANSWER WAS REJECTED BECAUSE IT DOES NOT FOLLOW THE RULES.

QUESTION:

WHAT IS EARTH’S BIGGEST PROBLEM RIGHT NOW?

MY ANSWER:

PART-1: HERE IS A LIST IN CASE YOU RUN OUT OF THINGS TO WORRY ABOUT

LINK: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/11/15/worry-wartism/

PART-2: WORRYWARTISM EXPLAINED

LINK: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/11/22/timothy-morton-dark-ecology/

THE IMPOSSIBILITY OF PLANETARY ENVIRONMENTALISM

LINK: https://tambonthongchai.com/2020/03/30/the-humans-must-save-the-planet/

PART-1: ATTACKING CHESS

PART-2: CHECKMATE IN THE OPENING

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PART-3: THE PHETCHABURI CHESS CLUB

The mass extinction that might never have happened | New Scientist

MASS EXTINCTIONS OF THE PAST

Image result for end permian extinction

SUMMARY OF THE FIVE GREAT EXTINCTION EVENTS PROVIDED BY SAMNOBLE MUSEUM: LINK: https://samnoblemuseum.ou.edu/understanding-extinction/mass-extinctions/end-permian-extinction/

(#1: END PERMIANWhen did it happen?: There were two significant extinction events in the Permian Period. The smaller, at the end of a time interval called the Capitanian, occurred about 260 million years ago. The event at the end of the Permian Period (at the end of a time interval called the Changshanian) was much larger and may have eliminated more than three-quarters of species of marine animals. It happened about 252 million years ago and geological evidence shows that it may have taken no more than 200,000 years. In terms of geological time the extinction occurred quickly. Who became extinct? Important groups of marine animals disappeared at the end-Permian extinctions. Trilobites, which had lived in the oceans for more than 250 million years, were lost, along with tabulate and rugose corals. Reef building in shallow seas stopped for about 14 million years until the middle of the following Triassic Period. At that time, an entirely new group of corals, the stony or scleractinian corals, appeared in the oceans. Although they did not become entirely extinct, rhynchonelliform brachiopods, crinoids, shelled cephalopods and snails also suffered significant losses. On land, primitive synapsids (relatives of mammals) disappeared. Some estimates suggest that up to 70 percent of vertebrate genera were lost. Below are some groups of marine animals that became extinct at the end-Permian event. trilobites, Tabulate corals, Rugose corals, goniatitic cephalopods, Productid brachiopods, cladid crinoids. What caused the extinction? Warming of the Earth’s climate and associated changes to oceans were the most likely causes of the extinctions. At the end of the Permian Period volcanic activity on a massive scale in what is now Siberia led to a huge outpouring of lava. The eruptions also produced carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas that helps warm the planet. The lava flows erupted onto carbon rich rocks like coal and as they were heated by the hot lava, greenhouse gases, including methane, were also produced. The global warming that followed may have increased average ocean water temperatures by as much as 14.5°F (8°C). Much of the carbon dioxide released by the eruptions would have been absorbed by the oceans. High levels of dissolved carbon dioxide in seawater are toxic to many marine invertebrates. Also, the dissolved carbon dioxide would have produced changes in seawater chemistry that may have made it difficult for some marine invertebrates, such as corals, to grow shells or skeletons. If that wasn’t bad enough, there is also geological evidence that the amount of oxygen dissolved in sea water (which invertebrates and fishes breath with their gills) was reduced, probably as a result of changes in ocean circulation.

(#2: END TRIASSIC): When did it happen?: The extinction occurred near the end of the Triassic Period, about 201 million years ago. Who became extinct?: All major groups of marine invertebrates survived the extinction, although most suffered losses. Brachiopods, shelled cephalopods, sponges and corals were particularly hard hit. On land, casualties included the phytosaurs, a group of crocodile-like animals. What caused the extinction?: At the end of the Triassic, the supercontinent of Pangea, which combined all of the modern continents into a single landmass, began to break (rift) apart. As North America separated from Africa and the Atlantic Ocean began to form, volcanic activity on a massive scale introduced carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. This led to global warming and changes to the oceans that were similar to (although not as large) those that occurred at the end-Permian extinction. Reconstruction of Late Triassic global geography: All of today’s continents were combined into the supercontinent of Pangea. Pangea was beginning to break apart. As North America and Africa began to separate there was a vast outpouring of lava. The area of volcanic rocks that formed at this time is shown in yellow. Gases, including carbon dioxide, produced during the eruptions led to global climate change.

(#3: LATE DEVONIAN): When did they happen?: The end-Frasnian extinction happened about 375 million years ago. The oldest of the three extinctions, towards the end of a time interval called the Givetian, occurred about 10 million years before the Frasnian event. The youngest extinction happened near the end of the Devonian period, about 365 million years ago, during a time interval called the Famennian. Who became extinct?: The end-Frasnian extinction was most pronounced in tropical environments, particularly in the reefs of the shallow seas. Reef building sponges called stromatoporoids and corals suffered losses and stromatoporoids finally disappeared in the third extinction near the end of the Devonian. Brachiopods associated with reefs also became extinct. Groups of trilobites disappeared at each of the three extinctions and very few survived into the following Carboniferous Period. Examples of groups of brachiopods and trilobites that became extinct are: Odontopleurid trilobites, Dalmanitid trilobites, Phacopid trilobites, Atrypid brachiopods, Pentamerid brachiopods. How did they happen?: As extinctions were mostly of tropical groups climate change may have been involved, and there is geological evidence for cooling of the global climate at the end-Frasnian event and near the end of the Devonian Period. Cooling may have been caused by a drop in the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas that helps warm the planet, so if levels fall, cooling will follow. In the Late Devonian, large trees evolved and formed the first forests. As plant life expanded, they used up more carbon dioxide in photosynthesis. When dead plant material decays, carbon dioxide is returned to the atmosphere, but some plant material (e.g., leaves) will be buried in swamps, lakes and rivers. This buried plant material removes carbon permanently from the atmosphere and often forms coal. When we mine coal and burn it we return carbon dioxide to the atmosphere and warm the planet.

(#4: END-ORDOVICIAN): When did it happen?: There were two distinct extinctions roughly a million years apart. The first of these began about 443 million years ago. Together, these extinctions may have removed about 85 percent of species of marine animals. Who became extinct?: All of the major animal groups of the Ordovician oceans survived, including trilobites, brachiopods, corals, crinoids and graptolites, but each lost important members. Widespread families of trilobites disappeared and graptolites came close to total extinction. Examples of fossil groups that became extinct at the end-Ordovician extinction: Trilobite family Trinucleidae, Trilobite family Bathyuridae, Brachiopod genus Thaerodonta, Brachiopod genus Plaesiomys, Graptolite family Climacograptidae, Graptolite family Diplograptidae. What caused the extinction? The evidence indicates that climate change caused the extinctions. A major ice age is known to have occurred in the southern hemisphere and climates cooled world-wide. The first wave of extinctions happened as the climate became colder and a second pulse occurred as climates warmed at the end of the ice age. Reconstruction of Late Ordovician global geography (southern hemisphere), showing the south polar icecap (white). The Ordovician continent of Laurentia corresponds to most of present day North America; Baltica included part of modern western Europe. Gondwana was a super-continent composed of most of the major modern continents.

(#5: END CRETACEOUS)When did it happen?: The extinction occurred at the end of the Cretaceous Period, about 65.5 million years ago. Who became extinct?: In addition to the non-avian dinosaurs, vertebrates that were lost at the end of the Cretaceous include the flying pterosaurs, and the mosasaurs, plesiosaurs and ichthyosaurs of the oceans. Important marine invertebrates also disappeared, including ammonites, groups of cephalopods and some bivalves, such as the reef-building rudists and some relatives of modern oysters. Examples of invertebrate groups that became extinct at the end_Cretaceous event. tes that disappeared at the end-Cretaceous extinction. Ammonite (Cephalopod), gryphaeid oyster (Bivalv), Inoceramid (Bivalve). What caused the extinction?: Several lines of geological evidence indicate that an asteroid that was as much as 10 kilometers (6 miles) in diameter hit the Earth at the end of the Cretaceous Period. This evidence includes an ancient impact crater in the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico (now filled in by younger rocks) that dates to the time of the extinction. The impact would have produced an enormous dust cloud that would have risen up into the atmosphere and encircled the planet. The dust cloud greatly reduced the amount of sunlight reaching the Earth’s surface and prevented photosynthesis by plants on land and plankton in the oceans. As plants and plankton died, extinctions expanded up the food chain, eliminating herbivores and carnivores. If that was not bad enough, dust and debris falling back to Earth was hot and may have triggered widespread wildfires. There is some debate over whether the asteroid was the sole cause of the extinction or whether other factors were also involved. Towards the end of the Cretaceous, volcanic activity in India produced lava flows over a vast area. Some paleontologists and geologists have suggested that gases (e.g., sulfur dioxide; carbon dioxide) released by the volcanoes might have altered the climate. Others point to geological evidence for a fall in sea level that would have reduced the area of shallow seas and, possibly, coastal plains.

Image result for end cretaceous extinction

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS:

The characteristics of the five mass extinctions described above show that the two essential things that they all have in common are signficant global geological upheaval involving enormous amounts of energy and time scales of millions of years. Humans appeared on earth 66 million years ago and we could have been a creation of the End Cretaceous Extinction event but we surely could not have caused it. Human civilization did not appear until this Holocene interglacial about 8,000 years ago and the industrialization of human civilization did not occur until 100 years ago. The time scale needed for mass extinction events excludes any role for humans and the geological nature of these events also excludes any significant role for humans. That humans are causing a sixth mass extinction in the sequence of the five described above is a fanciful idea of extreme environmentalism but not credible.

2010: ACID RAIN CURES CLIMATE CHANGE: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/1

2010: LOS INDIGENAS: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/11

2010: UNFETTERED BY DATA: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/24

2010: THAILAND FOR DUMMIES: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/41

2010: SENATE TO ACT ON CLIMATE BILL: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/51

2010: THE SEA SQUIRT IS US: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/59

2010: FEAR MONGERING 101: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/120

2010: A GENERATION OF HUNGRY LOCUSTS: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/132

2010: A MORAL COMPASS: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/143

2010: THE BIOFUELS CONUNDRUM: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/149

2010: ECO FEAROLOGY IN THE ANTHROPOCENE: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/171

2010: THE FOREIGN AID BUSINESS: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/180

2010: OCEANS RUNNING OUT OF FISH: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/182

2010: DOES GLOBAL WARMING CAUSE EXTREME WEATHER? https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/220

2010: THE GOOD OLD DAYS: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/229

2010: DO TREES CAUSE GLOBAL WARMING?: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/243

2010: ARE THE GLACIERS IN TIBET MELTING? https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/256

2010: FIFA GOBBLEDYGOOK: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/278

2010: ANTARCTICA MELTING: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/282

2010: DOES DEFORESTATION CAUSE DROUGHT? https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/293

2010: THE BRASILIA MODEL: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/357

2010: THE PERFORMANCE OF GREEN STOCKS: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/370

2010: THE DUTCH AUDIT OF IPCC REPORTS: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/382

2010: THE RISE AND FALL OF THE GLOBAL WARMING HYPE: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/389

2010: VIETNAM FACES A HUGE CHALLENGE FROM CLIMATE CHANGE: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/406

2010: GOOFY BUREAUCRATESE: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/429

2010: TRUTH AND RECONCILIATION COMMISSIONS: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/437

2010: THE GREAT BANGKOK STORM SURGE OF 2008: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/444

2010: HIMALYAN GLACIERS MELTING AGAIN: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/460

2010: GLACIAL MELTWATER ARITHMETIC: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/473

2010: GLACIER MASS BALANCE: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/480

2010: NYT COLUMNISTS SAY HEAT WAVES PROVE TRUTH OF CLIMATE SCIENCE: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/503

2010: CLIMATE CHANGE DISCLAIMERS: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/514

2010: REAL ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/524

2010: ARE BIOFUELS GOOD OR BAD? https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/526

2010: ASIA’S RISING MIDDLE CLASS: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/529

2010: IT’S NOT XENOPHOBIA: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/535

2010: THE CONTRADICTIONS IN CLIMATE ALARMISM: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/537

2010: CLIMATE CHANGE WAKEUP CALL: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/539

2010: WORLD BANK FUNDS MOUNTAIN PAINTING PROJECT: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/547

2010: FEAR BASED ENVIRONMENTALISM: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/554

2010: OVER POPULATION-CLIMATE CHANGE- MASS EXTINCTIONS: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/570

2010: THE CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY INDEX: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/573

2010: THE STRANGE CASE OF THE ARGO PROJECT: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/575

2010: WARMING OCEANS, MELTING GLACIERS, RISING SEAS: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/578

2013: GLOBAL WARMING, CLIMATE CHANGE, AND THE IPCC AR5: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/586

2018: GLOBAL WARMING CAUSES VOLCANIC ERUPTION: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/655

2018: OZONE DEPLETION CHEMISTRY: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/610

2018: AGW TRENDS IN DAILY STATION DATA: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/614

2018: DEMONSTRATION OF SPURIOUS CORRELATIONS IN CLIMATE SCIENCE: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/621

2018: TCRE: TRANSIENT CLIMATE RESPONSE TO CUMULATIVE EMISSIONS: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/632

2018: ECS, EQUILIBRIUM CLIMATE SENSITIVITY: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/634

2018: PEER REVIEW IN A 97% CONSENSUS SCIENCE: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/636

2018: THE EVE OF DESTRUCTION BY CLIMATE CHANGE: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/642

2018: THE POPULATION BOMB UPDATE: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/663

2018: CLIMATE SCIENCE VERSUS THE FANGZHI: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/674

2018: THE DEARTH OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE ONLY ADDS TO THE ALARM: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/678

2018: FISHING FOR CLIMATE CALAMITY: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/686

2018: ELEVATED CO2 AND CROP CHEMISTRY: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/693

2018: NONLINEAR DYNAMICS: IS CLIMATE CHAOTIC? https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/702

2018: SPURIOUS CORRELATIONS IN CLIMATE SCIENCE: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/707

2018: CARBON CYCLE MEASUREMENT PROBLEMS SOLVED WITH CIRCULAR REASONING! https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/735

2018: A NOBEL PRIZE FOR SERVICE TO HUMANITY: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/744

2018: ANTI FOSSIL FUEL ACTIVISTS WARY OF CLIMATE CHANGE DENIALISTS: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/792

2018: THE WACKY WORLD OF CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS RESEARCH: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/800

2018: CLIMATE CHANGE DENIAL RESEARCH: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/802

2018: THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT OF ATMOSPHERIC CO2: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/819

2018: PEER REVIEW COMMENTS ON CALLENDAR 1938: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/838

2018: EVENT ATTRIBUTION SCIENCE: A CASE STUDY: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/878

2018: THE ANTHROPOCENE: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/936

2018: LITTLE ICE AGE CLIMATE CHANGE: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/987

2018: CARL WUNSCH OCEANOGRAPHY: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/998

CLIMATE IMPACT OF THE KUWAIT OIL FIRES: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/1078

SUPERSTITION, CONFIRMATION BIAS, AND CLIMATE CHANGE: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/1095

COVID-19 canceled mass protests. Here's what youth climate activists are  doing instead. | Grist


QUESTION:

IS IT TRUE THAT GLOBAL WARMING WILL WIPE OUT HUMANITY IN THE NEXT 50 YEARS IF WE DON’T TAKE CLIMATE ACTION AND STOP USING FOSSIL FUELS?

ANSWER:

EXCEPT THAT THIS ISN’T THE FIRST GLOBAL WARMING OF HUMANITY.

DETAILS IN THE LINKED DOCUMENTS BELOW.

LINK#1: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/06/27/modern-humans-climate-change/

LINK#2: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/11/18/chaotic-interglacial-temperatures/

BOTTOM LINE:

WE’VE HAVE BEEN THROUGH A LOT OF GLOBAL WARMING AND WE ARE STILL HERE.

AND THE PLANET IS STILL HERE.

OMG! OMG!

Al Gore: We Should Follow Youth Activists on Climate Change | Time

REFERENCE:

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY PRESS: LINK: http://cup.columbia.edu/book/dark-ecology/9780231177528

PART-1: WHAT THE SOURCE DOCUMENT SAYS

Timothy Morton argues that ecological awareness in the present Anthropocene era takes the form of a strange loop or Möbius strip, twisted to have only one side. Deckard travels this oedipal path in Blade Runner (1982) when he learns that he might be the enemy he has been ordered to pursue. Ecological awareness takes this shape because ecological phenomena have a loop form that is also fundamental to the structure of how things are. The logistics of agricultural society resulted in global warming and hardwired dangerous ideas about life-forms into the human mind. Dark ecology puts us in an uncanny position of radical self-knowledge, illuminating our place in the biosphere and our belonging to a species in a sense that is far less obvious than we like to think. Morton explores the logical foundations of the ecological crisis, which is suffused with the melancholy and negativity of coexistence yet evolving, as we explore its loop form, into something playful, anarchic, and comedic. His work is a skilled fusion of humanities and scientific scholarship, incorporating the theories and findings of philosophy, anthropology, literature, ecology, biology, and physics. Morton hopes to reestablish our ties to nonhuman beings and to help us rediscover the playfulness and joy that can brighten the dark, strange loop we traverse.

ABOUT TIMOTHY MORTON

His books include Ecology Without Nature (2007); The Ecological Thought (2010); Hyperobjects: Philosophy and Ecology After the End of the World (2013); and Realist Magic: Objects, Ontology, Causality (2013); and he has published more than 150 essays on ecology, philosophy, art, literature, music, architecture, and food. He has collaborated with several artists, including Björk, Jennifer Walshe, Olafur Eliasson, Haim Steinbach, Emilija Škarnulytė, and Pharrell Williams, and blogs regularly at ecologywithoutnature.blogspot.com.

PART-2: CRITICAL COMMENTARY

IN SUPPORT OF THE TIMOTHY MORTON POSITION THAT HE WANTS HUMANITY TO GIVE UP MANY OF ITS SACRED BELIEFS SUCH AS THE FANTASY THAT HUMANS CONTROL THE PLANET WE PRESENT LINKS BELOW TO POSTS ON THIS SITE IN SUPPORT OF THIS TIMOTHY MORTON POSITION.

POINT#1: ANTHROPOCENE: There is no such thing as “The Anthropocene” where humans have taken control of nature and of the planet itself. The Anthropocene is an impossiblity and a creation of an exaggerated human self image and the unconstrained human imagination. Related post on the Anthropocene Fallacy: https://tambonthongchai.com/2018/07/13/the-anthropocene-fallacy/

POINT#2: THE HUMAN SELF IMAGE

THE HUMAN SELF IMAGE AND ITS IMAGINARY GOD LIKE ROLE OF THE HUMANS, NOT AS PART OF NATURE BUT AS THE MANAGERS AND CARETAKERS OF NATURE. DESPITE THE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCE OF THE HUMANS, THESE IMAGINARY ROLES OF HUMANS ON EARTH, NOT ONLY AS THE CARETAKERS OF THE OTHER SPECIES, BUT TO EQUATE THE ROLE OF THE HUMANS WITH THE GEOLOGICAL FORCES OF THE PLANET ARE THE CREATION OF IMPOSSIBLE EXAGGERATED SELF IMAGE OF THE HUMANS THAT IS BEST UNDERSTOOD IN THE CONTEXT OF ITS EVOLUTION THAT HAS BEEN SO RAPID THAT ITS INTERPRETATION HAS BEEN UNCONSTRAINED. A MORE FUNDAMENTAL CONSIDERATION IS THAT AN OBJECTIVE ANALYSIS OF THE ROLE OF THE HUMANS ON THE PLANET CANNOT BE ASSESSED BY THE HUMANS THEMSELVES.

CONCULSION AND BOTTOM LINE

  1. THERE IS NO ANTHROPOCENE
  2. HUMANS ARE JUST ANOTHER SCPECIES OF MAMMALS AND NOT THE MANAGERS AND CARETAKERS OF THE WORLD.
  3. THE ENERGY AND TIME SCALE OF GEOLOGICAL FORCES THAT HAVE SHAPED THIS PLANET ARE FAR BEYOND BY ORDERS OF MAGNITUDE THE IMPACT OF HUMANS ON EARTH.

HUMAN CAUSE IN THE ANTHROPOCENE | Thongchai Thailand

RELATED POSTS ON THE ANTHROPOCENE

LINK#1: ECO FEAROLOGY IN THE ANTHROPOCENE: https://tambonthongchai.com/2010/05/16/171/

LINK#2: PLANETARY ENVIRONMENTALISM IN THE ANTHROPOCENE: https://tambonthongchai.com/2020/07/31/planetary-environmentalism-in-the-anthropocene/

LINK#3: THE HOLOCENE IS THE ANTHROPOCENE: https://tambonthongchai.com/2020/12/07/the-holocene-is-the-anthropocene/

LINK#4: ANTHROPOCENE THE EVIDENCE: https://tambonthongchai.com/2020/12/24/anthropocene-the-evidence/

LINK#5: HUMAN CAUSED MASS EXTINCTION: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/11/28/human-caused-mass-extinction/

LINK#6: WILL STEFFEN THE ANTHROPOCENE MAN: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/07/04/will-steffen-the-anthropocene-man/

LINK#7:

HUMAN CAUSE IN THE ANTHROPOCENE: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/05/12/human-cause-in-the-anthropocene/

LINK#8:

THE PLANETARY REACH OF THE HUMANS: https://tambonthongchai.com/2020/03/30/the-humans-must-save-the-planet/

Rethinking the Environment for the Anthropocene: Political Theory and
Environmentalism in the Anthropocene - Jamie Lorimer

CONCLUSION: The crust of the planet where we live is an insignificant portion of the planet. Life on earth is an insignificant portion of the crust of the planet. Humans are an insignificant portion of life on earth. Although it is true that humans must take care of their environment, we propose that the environment should have a more rational definition.

IF WE DIVIDE 123 GENDERS BY WHITE SUPREMACY HOW MUCH CLIMATE CHANGE DO WE HAVE?

THE NEW HUMAN CIVILIZATION AND THE HUNT FOR COMPLEXITY AND CATASTROPHE

RELATED POST#1: OUR INNER NEED TO FEAR: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/09/20/our-inner-need-to-fear/

Supervolcano: The Catastrophic Event That Changed the Course of Human  History eBook by MARIE JONES | Rakuten Kobo

RELATED POST#2: CATASTROPHISM: LINK: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/11/08/the-catastrophism-of-the-humans/

RELATED POST#3: A DESPERATE SEARCH FOR A COMING APOCALYPSE WITHOUT EVIDENCE FORIT.

PDF) Catastrophe, Chaos, Complexity, Theory

THE EVE OF DESTRUCTION: LINK: https://tambonthongchai.com/2018/05/07/the-eve-of-destruction-of-the-planet-by-climate-change/

LINK: https://wordpress.com/post/tambonthongchai.com/642

THE END IS NEAR

F.E.A.R. (video game) - Wikipedia

Climate change is the one area of science Republicans tend to doubt | Grist

THE CLIMATE SCIENCE OF THE THEORY OF ANTHROPOGENIC GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE BY WAY OF FOSSIL FUEL EMISSIONS IS FOUNDED ON THE THEORY OF CLIMATE SENSITIVITY. THIS THEORY HOLDS THAT SURFACE TEMPERATURE IS A LOGARITHMIC FUNCTION OF ATMOSPHERIC CO2 CONCENTRATION SUCH THAT THERE IS A UNIVERSAL CONSTANT CALLED “EQUILIBRIUM CLIMATE SENSITIVITY” OR “ECS” THAT RELATES EACH DOUBLING OF ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE TO A FIXED AMOUNT OF WARMING.

climatesensitivityvalues
SENSITIVITY2
climatesensitivityvalues3

HOWEVER, WHAT WE SEE IN THE IMAGES ABOVE AND IN THE DETAILS DESCRIBED IN A RELATED POST ON ECS UNCERTAINTY: LINK: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/05/10/the-climate-sensitivity-issue/ IS THAT, THOUGH THE THE THEORY OF ECS IS FOUNDED ON KNOWN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE AND THE KNOWN PROPERTIES OF CARBON DIOXIDE AND THOUGH IT IS DEFENSIBLE IN TERMS OF THIS THEORY, ITS PRACTICAL APPLICATION TO THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE CURRENT GLOBAL WARMING CYCLE OF THE HOLOCENE INTERGLACIAL OR ITS INTERPRETATION IN TERMS OF THE THEORY OF GLOBAL WARMING PROPOSED BY CLIMATE SCIENCE IS NOT POSSIBLE BECAUSE OF LARGE UNCERTAINTIES IN OBSERVED EMPIRICAL VALUES OF THE ESSENTIAL AND CRITICAL ECS PARAMETER.

IF WE DON’T KNOW WHAT THE VALUE OF THE ECS IS WE DON’T KNOW HOW GLOBAL WARMING WORKS AND BOTH THE GLOBAL WARMING THEORY OF CLIMATE SCIENCE AND THE CLIMATE ACTION ACTIVISM OF CLIMATE SCIENCE THAT CLAIM CREDIBILITY BECAUSE THEY ARE SCIENCE, ARE LEFT WITH A SCIENCE THAT HAS NO EMPIRICAL SUPPORT.

Meet Damon Matthews, a climate change expert at Concordia University -  YouTube
PROFESSOR DAMON MATHEWS, CLIMATE SCIENTIST, CONCORDIA UNIVERSITY

THESE WEAKNESSES IN THE FOUNDATIONAL THEORY OF ANTHROPOGENIC GLOBAL WARMING MOTIVATED CLIMATE SCIENCE TO ABANDON THIS THEORETICAL BASIS OF THE ANTHROPOGENIC GLOBAL WARMING HYPOTHESIS WHEN CLIMATE SCIENTIST, PROFESSOR DAMON MATTHEWS AND OTHERS, DISCOVERED A STRONG AND NEARLY PERFECT CORRELATION BETWEEN WARMING AND CUMULATIVE FOSSIL FUEL EMISSIONS.

ALTHOUGH THIS RELATIONSHIP HAS NO THEORETICAL BASIS, THE DISCOVERY OF THE STRONG CORRELATION RESCUED CLIMATE SCIENCE FROM THEIR ECS FAILURE AND PROVIDED THEM WITH THE NEEDED CAUSATION RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EMISSIONS AND WARMING FOR THE PROPOSITION THAT FOSSIL FUEL EMISSIONS CAUSE WARMING AND FOR THE DEMAND THAT THE NEEDED CLIMATE ACTION IS FOR HUMANS TO STOP BURNING FOSSIL FUELS.

DETAILS OF THIS DRAMATIC EVENT IN CLIMATE SCIENCE, THAT RESCUED THE SCIENCE MIDWAY IN THEIR MOVEMENT TO END THE BURNING OF FOSSIL FUELS, ARE PROVIDED IN A RELATED POST: LINK: https://tambonthongchai.com/2018/05/06/consensus-science/

THIS NEAR PERFECT CORRELATION IS CALLED THE {TRANSIENT CLIMATE RESPONSE TO CUMULATIVE EMISSIONS} OR TCRE FOR SHORT. IT DERIVES ONLY FROM THE DISCOVERY OF A STRONG AND ALMOST PERFECT CORRELATION BETWEEN THE CHANGE IN GMST (WARMING) AND CUMULATIVE FOSSIL FUEL EMISSIONS. A USEFUL AND MUCH NEEDED APPLICATION OF THIS NEW CORREATION WAS QUICKLY DISCOVERED BY CLIMATE SCIENCE IN TERMS OF “CARBON BUDGET” ESTIMATIONS. A CARBON BUDGET IS THE AMOUNT OF EMISSIONS THAT CORRESPOND TO A GIVEN AMOUNT OF WARMING. HOWEVER, THERE IS NO THEORETICAL BASIS FOR THIS OBSERVED CORRELATION, AND IN RELATED POSTS WE SHOW THAT IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO INTERPRET THIS OBSERVED CORRELATION IN TERMS OF THE PHENOMENA OF NATURE THAT IT APPARENTLY REPRESENTS BECAUSE OF ITS MANY STATISTICAL ANOMALIES AND WEAKNESSES. {LINKS BELOW}

#1: YOUTUBE VIDEOS: CORRELATION BETWEEN CUMULATIVE VALUES OF RANDOM NUMBERS THAT FOLLOW CERTAIN SIGN PATTERNS

THE ISSUE HERE IS THAT THE FAUX “CORRELATION” IS A CREATION OF A SIGN PATTERN WHERE EMISSIONS ARE ALWAYS POSITIVE BY DEFINITION, AND IN A PERIOD OF WARMING, THE AMOUNT OF WARMING EACH YEAR IS MOSTLY POSITIVE ALTHOUGH NOT ALWAYS SO. AND THAT NOT EVERY YEAR IS A WARMING YEAR THUS SET THE TRAP FOR THE IMMEDIATE APPLICATION OF THIS NEW CORRELATION IN CLIMATE SCIENCE IN TERMS OF CONSTRUCTING WHAT IS CALLED THE “CARBON BUDGET”.

WHAT CLIMATE SCIENTISTS QUICKLY DISCOVERED IN THE CARBON BUDGET APPLICATION OF THE TCRE AND WHAT APPEARED TO THEM TO BE A MYSTERY IS THE SO CALLED “REMAINING CARBON BUDGET ANOMALY”. BRIEFLY, THE ISSUE HERE IS THAT IF YOU USE UP A PART OF YOUR CARBON BUDGET, THE REMAINING CARBON BUDGET CANNOT BE COMPUTED BY SUBTRACTION BUT MUST BE RECOMPUTED WITH THE TCRE RECOMPUTED FOR THE REMAINING PORTION OF THE CARBON BUDGET PERIOD. THIS APPEARS TO CLIMATE SCIENCE TO BE AN UNRESOLVED MYSTERY ALTHOUGH THE ISSUE IS SIMPLY THAT THOUGH ANNUAL WARMINGS ARE MOSTLY POSITIVE THEY ARE NOT ALWAYS SO AND THERE ARE RANDOM YEARS WHERE IT MAY HAVE COOLED. FOR THIS REASON, THE FRACTION OF POSITIVE WARMING YEARS IN THE FULL SPAN OF THE BUDGET PERIOD IS UNLIKELY TO EQUAL THE FRACTION OF WARMING YEARS IN A SELECTED PORTION OF THE FULL SPAN BUDGET PERIOD. WHAT CLIMATE SCIENCE THINKS IS A MYSTERY IS THE CLUE THAT THE TCRE IS A SPURIOUS CORRELATION THAT HAS NO INTERPRETATION IN THE REAL WORLD. IT SHOULD ALSO BE MENTIONED THAT A TIME SERIES OF THE CUMULATIVE VALUES OF ANOTHER TIME SERIES HAS NEITHER TIME SCALE NOR DEGREES OF FREEDOM AND THAT THEREFORE, THE CORRELATION BETWEEN CUMULATIVE VALUES HAS NO INTERPRETATION IN THE REAL WORLD.

AN EVEN MORE EGREGIOUS MATHEMATICAL ERROR IN THE CONSTRUCTION AND APPLICATIOON OF THE TCRE IS ITS MATHEMATICAL INCONSISTENCY. BRIEFLY, IN THE THEORY OF CLIMATE CHANGE, GMST IS A LOGARITHMIC FUNCTION OF ATMOSPHERIC CO2 CONCENTRATION BUT IN THE TCRE, GMST IS A LINEAR FUNCTION OF ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION BECAUSE ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION IS A CREATION OF CUMULATIVE EMISSIONS. RELATED POST LINKED BELOW:

LINK: https://tambonthongchai.com/2020/08/26/a-mathematical-inconsistency/

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MORE ANOMALIES IN THE TCRE MAY BE FOUND IN A RELATED POST ON STATISTICAL ERRORS IN CLIMATE SCIENCE. LINK: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/05/18/climate-science-vs-statistics/

WE CONCLUDE THAT WHAT THE TCRE TELLS US ABOUT CLIMATE SCIENCE IS THAT THEIR NEED FOR SCIENCE IS NOT TO DISCOVER HOW THINGS WORK BUT TO VALIDATE WHAT THEY HAVE ALREADY DECIDED ABOUT HOW THINGS WORK.

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THE CHAOTIC NATURE OF GLACIATION CYCLES ARE DESCRIBED IN RELATED POSTS O THIS SITE:

LINK#1: https://tambonthongchai.com/2018/12/25/youngerdryas/

LINK#2: https://tambonthongchai.com/2019/06/25/chaos/

WHAT WE FIND IN THESE POSTS IS THAT GLACIATION IS NOT A PERIOD OF PERSISTENT AND PREDICTABLE PERIOD OF COOLING AND ICE FORMATION AND DEGLACIATION IS NOT A PERSISTENT AND PREDICTABLE PERIOD OF WARMING AND ICE MELT BUT THAT BOTH LEGS OF THE GLACIATION CYCLE CONSIST OF BOTH OF THESE PROCESSES AT THE SAME MILLENNIAL TIME SCALE BUT WITH A CHAOTIC VARIABILITY BETWEEN 500 TO 1500 YEARS.

THE ONLY DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GLACIATION AND DEGLACIATION IS THAT THERE IS A SLIGHT EDGE FOR ICE FORMATION IN THE GLACIATION PHASE AND A SLIGHT EDGE FOR ICE MELT IN THE DEGLACIATION PHASE. BUT BOTH LEGS OF THE GLACIATION CYCLE EXHIBIT COOLING WITH ICE FORMATION AND WARMING WITH ICE MELT.

INTERGLACIALS

THE RELEVANT ASPECT OF THIS CHAOTIC BEHAVIOR IN THE CONTEXT OF THE GLOBAL WARMING ALARM OF CLIMATE SCIENTISTS, IS THAT IT IS ALSO FOUND IN INTERGLACIALS WITH THE ONLY DIFFERENCE BEING THAT THERE IS NO BIAS. THIS MEANS THAT INTERGLACIALS ARE NOT AT SOME STEADY STATE FIXED TEMPERATURE SUCH THAT WARMING OR COOLING CYCLES IN INTERGLACIALS REQUIRE AN EXPLANATION IN TERMS OF A CAUSE AND EFFECT HYPOTHESIS. THE ALTERNATING WARMING AND COOLING CYCLES OF INTERGLACIALS AT DIFFERENT TIME SCALES ARE BEST UNDERSTOOD AS THE CREATION OF THE CHAOTIC BEHAVIOR DESCRIBED ABOVE THAT CONTINUES INTO INTERGLACIALS AND THAT EVENTUALLY CAUSES A RETURN TO GLACIATION.

WHAT THIS IMPLIES IN THE CONTEXT OF THE GLOBAL WARMING ALARM OF OUR TIME THAT IS CLAIMED TO BE HUMAN CAUSED BY WAY OF FOSSIL FUEL EMISSIONS IS THAT AN INTERGLACIAL WARMING PERIOD IS NOT AN ANOMALY THAT REQUIRES AN EXPLANATION IN TERMS OF HUMAN CAUSE, AND THAT A HUMAN CAUSE HYPOTHESIS FOR A SELECTED WARMING PERIOD SUFFERS FROM DATA SELECTION BIAS AS WELL AS AN UNSUPPORTED ASSUMPTION THAT THE WARMING PERIOD SELECTED IS NOT NATURAL BUT HUMAN CAUSED AND THAT THEREFORE IT MUST HAVE BEEN THE FOSSIL FUELS THAT DID IT BECAUSE OUR USE OF FOSSIL FUELS BEGAN ABOUT THE SAME TIME AS THIS WARMING CYCLE GOT STARTED. THIS REASONING SUFFERS FROM DATA SELECTION BIAS AND A THEORY THAT EXPLAINS ONLY ONE SELECTED WARMING CYCLE OF THE HOLOCENE WITH NO EXPLANATION FOR THE OTHER WARMING AND COOLING CYCLES IN THE SAME INTERGLACIAL.

IF CLIMATE SCIENCE UNDERSTANDS INTERGLACIAL TEMPERATURE CYCLES AS CAUSE AND EFFECT PHENOMENA, THEY SHOULD EXPLAIN ALL OF THEM AND NOT SELECT JUST ONE OF THEM TO EXPLAIN IN THAT WAY. THAT KIND OF SCIENCE CONTAINS A FATAL WEAKNESS CALLED DATA SELECTION BIAS.

AN INTERPRETATION OF THIS KIND OF BIAS IN RESEARCH IS THAT THE PROPOSED CAUSATION HYPOTHESIS DERIVES FROM ACTIVISM.

LINK#1: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/11/18/tcre-transient-climate-response-to-cumulative-emissions/

LINK#2: https://tambonthongchai.com/2019/02/03/hidden-hand/

LINK#3: https://tambonthongchai.com/2019/07/27/world-economic-forum-climate-activism/

LINK#4: https://tambonthongchai.com/2019/10/19/emotion/

LINK#5: https://tambonthongchai.com/2020/02/29/climate-activism/

LINK#6: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/04/03/divine-climate-activism/

LINK#7: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/09/09/creative-climate-activism/

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  • chaamjamal: Great comment Ruben. Carbon life forms afraid of carbon.
  • Ruben Leon: Too many eggheads who have no idea that less CO2 means less life on earth, with too much time to waste looking for something, anything, that will supp
  • chaamjamal: Thank you. Sorry about the too long part.