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THAT SWEET PRE-INDUSTRIAL LIFE

Posted on: August 21, 2021

THIS POST IS A DESCRIPTION OF WHAT LIFE WAS LIKE IN PRE INDUSTRIAL ENGLAND BASED ON INFORMATION FROM SCHOOLS HISTORY.ORG.UK: LINK TO SOURCE: https://schoolshistory.org.uk/topics/british-history/industrial-revolution/before-the-industrial-revolution/

Pre-mechanisation. Hand Loom that is typical of machines before the Industrial Revolution

PART-1: WHAT THE SOURCE ARTICLE SAYS

Before the dawn of the Industrial Revolution Britain was a quite different place to the one that exists today. Industrialisation brought with it new types of roads, trains and many other forms of communications which simply did not exist prior to industrialisation. So before the Industrial Revolution it was very hard to keep in touch with people in other parts of the country. News was spread by travellers or through messengers and goods were distributed largely within the locality in which they were produced. Travel was very difficult before the Industrial Revolution as there was no means of mechanised transport. By the turn of the Twentieth Century this had changed dramatically. Because it was so hard to move around: and remember, there were no cars, aeroplanes or even tarmac roads, people had to rely upon themselves and their communities to provide the vast majority of the things that they needed. Food was produced locally, agriculture could provide for but a few large commercial towns. Clothing was made locally, making use of animal hides and furs: nylon wasn’t an option and cotton wasn’t imported in large quantities until developments enabled mass production of goods. Life was, for the bulk of the population, the life of a farmer. By the 18th century the feudal system was long gone, but in it’s place was a system in which the people were as reliant upon each other and their master as before. In general then, people worked in villages and small towns, working the land and relying upon the local community to provide for them. Some people were fortunate enough to benefit from imported goods which came into ports such as London and Bristol in increasing quantities from the Elizabethan age onwards. What was manufactured was done making use of natural elements. Windmills for example could make the life of a miller easier. Pre-mechanisation. Hand Loom that is typical of machines before the Industrial Revolution The illustration shows a Hand Loom. These were used in the Textiles Industry. A Hand Loom was used to weave cloth. Hand Looms are labour intensive, they require one worker per loom. These looms did not require a large factory setting. Education was poor. The rich were catered for by nannies and private tutors. There were of some schools and several universities. These were not for the ordinary man or woman though, indeed girls were largely excluded from education after the age of 7. Politics was based upon land ownership and military honours won, with women and ordinary men given few rights. Life as a result was a constant battle against famine, a wicked landlord, overwork and sheer bad luck. Industrialisation would change only some of these worries. Poverty was a problem before the Industrial Revolution. Many jobs in agriculture are seasonal. This meant that they were only available at certain times of the year. Likewise the merchants in towns often found that they had busy periods and quiet periods. In both cases, this led to people having work that was not guaranteed for the longer term. A system to help the poor had been introduced toward the end of Elizabeth I’s reign. The Elizabethan Poor Law had been amended in the following years. It still governed much of practise though. The Poor were looked after by individual parishes. For some, this meant the workhouse.

HIGHLIGHTS OF THE TEXT ABOVE

  1. COMMUNICATION: Roads, trains and other forms of communications did not exist prior to industrialisation. So before the Industrial Revolution it was very hard to keep in touch with people in other parts of the country. News was spread by travellers or through messengers and goods were distributed largely within the locality in which they were produced
  2. EDUCATION: Education was poor. The rich were catered for by nannies and private tutors. There were of some schools and universities for the elite and for men and boys. Girls were excluded from education after age 7.
  3. POLITICS: Politics was based upon land ownership and military honours, with women and ordinary men excluded., and thus for most people, life was a constant battle against famine, cruel landlords, and hard work.
  4. POVERTY: Poverty was a big problem. Agriculture jobs were seasonal. Also, the merchants had busy periods and slow periods when workers were not needed. Jobs were episodic and seasonal. A system to help the poor had been introduced toward the end of Elizabeth I’s reign.
  5. MANUFACTURING: What was manufactured was done making use of natural elements. Windmills for example could make the life of a miller easier. Pre-mechanisation. Hand Loom that is typical of machines before the Industrial Revolution. The image below shows a Hand Loom. These were used in the Textiles Industry. A Hand Loom was used to weave cloth. Hand Looms are labour intensive, they require one worker per loom. These looms did not require a large factory setting.
  6. CHILD LABOR: Contrary to popular belief, child labor in England was not a creation of the Industrial Revolution but was initially a continuation of this pre-industrial practice that was eventually eliminated when living standards, education, and the value systems of the population were changed by the industrial revolution. In fact, in the end, the industrial revolution ended child labor.
Work versus School during the Industrial Revolution (Chapter 7) - Childhood  in Modern Europe

Pre-mechanisation. Hand Loom that is typical of machines before the Industrial Revolution

THE IMAGE OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AS AN EVIL THAT COULD DESTROY HUMAN CIVILIZATION AND THE PLANET ITSELF IS INCONSISTENT WITH THIS HISTORY.

Business before industrialization: Are there lessons to learn? | The Long  Run
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION - ppt video online download

1 Response to "THAT SWEET PRE-INDUSTRIAL LIFE"

As WC Fields said: “Those were the good old days. I hope they never come again.”

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  • Ruben Leon: When your mind is made up you ignore the data and try to justify the bias you acquired as a juvenile and never questioned. The fact that the Antar
  • chaamjamal: Thank you for raising these interesting points. We live in strange times. Some day we may figure this out.
  • gregole: Funny after all that doom and gloom from Al Gore some years back I haven't seen much of him lately. Guess he made all the money he needed and is chil
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