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Archive for February 2021

TheDavidism: This particular pandemic that we are going through. I think people are discovering that they need the natural world for their very sanity. People never listen to a bird song. Suddenly feel excited supported inspired by the natural world and they realize they are not apart from it, they are part of it.

Anderson Cooper: So by saving nature we are saving oueselves?

TheDavidism: Oh without question.

Anderson Cooper: You say in the film, we are not just ruining the world, we destroyed it. It is that far gone?

TheDavidism: Ahhhhh it’s not beyond redemption.

Anderson Cooper: Politically the tide is moving in the opposite direction. Nation states more looking inward, not as part of a global community.

TheDavidism: That’s what going to sink us in the end. That’s what going to sink us.

Anderson Cooper: Can you be optimistic at all?

TheDavidism: We don’t have an alternative. I mean what good is it to say oh hell with it I don’t care? You can’t say that. Not if you love your children. Not if you love the rest of humanity. How can you say that?

Anderson Cooper: It’s the young that Sir David now puts his faith in and they it seems have faith in him.

TheDavidism: There is a huge movement around the world of people from all nations, young people, who can see what is happening to the world and demanding that their government should take action. That’s …. that’s the best hope I have. Honestly, my generation failed. We’ve allowed this to happen.

Anderson Cooper: We’ve allowed this to happen despite being the smartest creature that has ever lived.

Image result for anderson cooper and david attenborough
Image result for bambi and friends playing in the forest

CRITICAL COMMENTARY

  1. ALL HIS LIFE, DAVIDISM HAS SEPARATED HUMANS FROM NATURE WHERE ALL THOSE CUTE NON-HUMAN CREATURES THAT HE LOVES WERE THE NATURAL WORLD AND THOSE HORRIBLE HUMANS, A CONSTANT THREAT TO THE NATURAL WORLD, WAS PRESUMABLY THE UNNATURAL WORLD.
  2. YET HERE HE SAYS THAT HUMANS ARE PART OF THE NATURAL WORLD. IF HUMANS ARE PART OF THE NATURAL WORLD THEN WHY DO WE NEED THE TERM “NATURAL WORLD“? ALL ALONG, IN ALL HIS OTHER SPEECHES AND WRITINGS HE HAS MADE A CLEAR AND FOUNDATIONAL DISTINCTION BETWEEN HUMANS AND THE REST OF CREATION HE DESCRIBES AS “THE NATURAL WORLD” AND HAS BEEN OBSESSED WITH HOW HUMAN ACTIVITY IMPACTS THE NATURAL WORLD.
  3. EVEN IN THIS VIDEO HE SAYS THAT HUMANS NEED THE NATURAL WORLD FOR THEIR SANITY. AND THEN HE SAYS THAT HUMANS ARE PART OF THE NATURAL WORLD. IT DOESN’T MAKE SENSE.
  4. HIS VIEW OF ENVIRONMENTALISM IS A FORM OF BAMBI-ISM DERIVED FROM GENESIS WHERE THERE IS A NATURAL WORLD AND HUMANS HAVE DOMINION OVER THE NATURAL WORLD.
  5. THAT ENVIRONMENTALISM IS UNDERSTOOD AS HUMANS TAKING CARE OF THE NATURAL WORLD IN A KIND OF BAMBI VERSION OF ENVIRONMENTALISM. HIS NEW-FOUND VISION THAT HUMANS ARE PART OF THE NATURAL WORLD UNDOES ALL OF THAT. IT IS EVEN INCONSISTENT WITH THE REST OF THE INTERVIEW AND WITH EVERYTHING HE HAS SAID BEFORE. DAVIDISM IS CONFUSED.
  6. HIS ANSWER TO THE QUESTION “SO BY SAVING NATURE WE ARE SAVING OURSELVES?” IS “OH YES WITHOUT QUESTION” AND THAT ONCE AGAIN SEPARATES HUMANS FROM THE NATURAL WORLD WHILE IN ANOTHER PART OF VIDEO HE SAYS THAT HUMANS ARE PART OF THE NATURAL WORLD.
  7. “WE ARE NOT JUST RUINING THE WORLD, WE HAVE DESTROYED IT BUT IT’S NOT BEYOND REDEMPTION“. WHAT ON EARTH DOES THAT MEAN? IF WE CAN RUIN AND DESTROY THE WHOLE WORLD AND STILL NOT BE BEYOND REDEMPTION THEN WHAT ON EARTH COULD POSSIBLY BE BEYOND REDEMPTION?
  8. THAT NATIONS HAVE A NATION STATE PRIORITY AND ARE NOT PART OF AN INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY IS SOMETHING HE FINDS WILL DESTROY US IN THE END. NATION STATE ORIENTATION OF HUMANS IS A BAD THING BECAUSE PEOPLE SHOULD HAVE A GLOBAL ORIENTATION. BUT THEN HE SAYS THAT YOUNG PEOPLE CAN SEE THE BAD THINGS THAT ARE HAPPENING THAT THE ADULTS CAN’T SEE AND HE FINDS IT A GOOD THING THAT YOUNG PEOPLE ARE ALSO NATION STATE ORIENTED AND THEREFORE ASKING THEIR NATIONAL GOVERNMENT TO TAKE ACTION AND NOT THE UNITED NATIONS – AND THAT’S THE BEST HOPE HE HAS.
  9. ALTHOUGH HE NOW SAYS THAT HUMANS ARE PART OF “THE NATURAL WORLD” THE HISTORY OF DAVIDISM ENVIRONMENTALISM IS BEST DESCRIBED IN TERMS OF THE BAMBI PRINCIPLE WHERE “THE NATURAL WORLD” IS BAMBI
  10. WE ARE GOD-LIKE CREATURES WITH DOMINION OVER “THE NATURAL WORLD” AND THEREFORE THE MANAGERS AND CARETAKERS OF NATURE AND, ACCORDING TO DAVIDISM, THE PLANET ITSELF.
  11. THE RELATIVE INSIGNFICANCE OF HUMANS ON A PLANETARY SCALE IS DESCRIBED IN A RELATED POST: LINK: https://tambonthongchai.com/2020/07/31/planetary-environmentalism-in-the-anthropocene/ WHERE WE NOTE THAT : The crust of the planet where we live is an insignificant portion of the planet. Life on earth is an insignificant portion of the crust of the planet. Humans are an insignificant portion of life on earth. Although it is true that humans must take care of their environment, we propose that the environment should have a more rational definition because the mass balance above does not show that the planet is our environment or that we are in a position to either save it or to destroy the planet.

Like ants and bees, humans are social creatures that live in communities of humans so that when they look around they see humans everywhere. This is the likely source of our human oriented view of the world. It is this biased view of the planet that makes it possible for us to imagine a planetary relevance for humans seen in the Davidism view of environmentalism in terms of Genesis and Bambi and the fearful image described by Jeff Gibbs as “Have you every wondered what would happen if a single species took over an entire planet?”

Image result for bambi and friends playing in the forest

MORE ABOUT DAVIDISM

LINK#1: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/01/03/the-david-speaketh/

LINK#2: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/01/17/population-bomb-davidism/

HUMAN CAUSE: THE REAL ISSUE HERE IS HUMAN CAUSE BECAUSE WITHOUT EVIDENCE OF HUMAN CAUSE OF THE WARMING TREND, WHATEVER IMPACTS THE WARMING MAY HAVE ARE ALL NATURAL.

LINK: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/11/09/the-issue-is-human-cause/

I present below some of comments found under TheDavid’s Youtube videos.

  1. This man is such a treasure
  2. Please don’t die
  3. Perfectly said, sir
  4. I don’t know why, but his voice is so soothing. Stay well Attenborough!
  5. 6 years old hear his voice. 21 years old still hear his voice.
  6. Our planet is truly perfect. It’s just that not everyone see’s it that way.
  7. Thank you Sir Attenborough. Here’s hoping 2021 will be the year we’ve all been patiently waiting for…
  8. The voice that continues to rule the world
  9. VOTE DAVID AS MAN OF THE CENTURY
  10. Mr Attenborough is a treasure, and I will listen to him without reservation.
  11. If I could pick one person to live forever I would chose David Attenborough. No question
  12. I need this man to live forever. He’s a treasure
  13. I will listen to anything Sir David Attenborough says! 1 day ago
  14. Legendary narrator with a great voice. He made his work iconic using his talent. Any adjective will be less to describe the greatness of his powerful voice. I wish god will reward him with immortality through his voice, his work. Infinity number of thanks for your tireless contribution to the entertainment and nature.
  15. Hello David , I admire you as a human being and as a spokesman for our planet. Thank you and best regards from Lloyd somewhere here in Ontario Canada
  16. Absolutely to all the positive comments here… Can’t imagine a world without Sir David Attenborough… The voice of reason… May he be with us for a long long time… We need him more than ever before… The animal world, the planet needs him.
  17. We are doing it David, we helped save the Alaskan wildlife from oil companies, more than 5 million of us stopped it
  18. It is so sad that we don’t have millions of humans like this one!
  19. I love him he’s a legend
  20. I’m just glad David told us this message ’cause he’s the only person that can tell us very important news for the planetary ecosystem.
  21. His voice is so powerful
  22. Our planet will be happy only when humans disappear, it’s hard, but true
  23. When Sir Attenborough talks, people listen.
  24. Holy smokes…this video, the music and Attenborough’s voice gave me chills and nearly tears in my eyes
  25. Love David Attenborough and hope people listen to his massage
  26. I absolutely love this man. i wish every single person on this planet was like him.
  27. We have learned so much from him. Lets share his message. God Bless Us All In 2021.
  28. I got speechless watching this!!
  29. Thank God we still have some people like you,Sir.David!! May others can learn about your advice!!

Waterwheel Design and the Different Types of Waterwheel
An energy product that is competitive in the market for energy should not require fear based acitivism against the competition. Conversely, the need for fear based activism against the competition is itself the evidence that the product is not ready for the market.

THE MARKET FOR ENERGY PICKS WINNERS AND DRIVES EVOLUTION IN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY

  1. In the history of energy that drove human progress since the Neolithic Revolution from human power, animal power, the invention of the wheel, water wheels, windmills, the combustion of carbon based fuels, and nuclear power, the evolution of energy technology was orderly and progressive. These changes were driven by ideas and innovations in a market economy. The dynamics of a market for energy that selects winners and losers is the evolutionary process that gave us the fossil fueled economy we live in.
  2. However, certain downsides to fossil fuels were identified in the 1960s when smog, oil spills, acid rain, and other environmental issues emerged as serious downsides to fossil fuels from both human welfare and ecology points of view. The 1960s hippie movement against fossil fuels, described in a related post [LINK] was a product of these weaknesses in fossil fuel energy.
  3. These environmental weaknesses of fossil fuels spearheaded the renewable energy movement more than 50 years ago with innovations in wind, solar, tidal, and geothermal energy. However, in the market for energy, even as renewable energy was being developed and implemented, fossil fuels regained the upper hand with technological innovations needed to overcome environmental laws enforced by the newly formed Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The acid rain story, presented in a related post [LINK] , is instructive in this historical context.
  4. These innovations by the fossil fuel industry solved the smog, the acid rain, and oil spill problems and weakened the case against fossil fuels. At the same time, the widespread implementation of renewables revealed their operational weaknesses in terms of intermittency, and power output variability not under human control, the need for fossil fueled backup power, and high maintenance cost. As a result, renewables could not compete with the new improved fossil fuel energy product free of smog and acid rain. Wind, solar, tidal, and geothermal waned and retreated into a near death experience. This left the large and growing environmental movement against fossil fuels in shock because it had seemed for a time that the war against fossil fuels had been won and that clean green renewables were the future of energy.
  5. The rise of fear based climate change environmentalism against fossil fuels is best understood in this context. As described in the related post [LINK] , fear based climate change is preached by climate scientists and activist with horrific predictions of extreme heat, the collapse of polar ice sheets, catastrophic sea level rise, extreme weather in terms of storms, droughts, floods, heat waves, forest fires, mass extinctions, and the collapse of civilization. Even the phraseology to describe global warming and climate change has turned into global heating and climate crisis or climate emergency. The fear is then further extended to the whole of the planet with the assessment that if we continue to burn fossil fuels it will be the end of life on earth and the end of the the planet itself.
  6. At issue is the use of fossil fuels because all of these fearful things are described as the effect of burning fossil fuels. We are told that burning fossil fuels creates CO2 from very old carbon from under the ground that does not belong in today’s atmosphere. And that when this old CO2 is released into the atmosphere it causes atmospheric CO2 to rise [LINK]  and that in turn causes warming (or heating) by way of the greenhouse effect of CO2 . And that therefore, the only solution to the global heating crisis is to take “climate action” and that means to stop using fossil fuels and move the world’s energy infrastructure to wind and solar renewables.
  7. We propose that the interpretation of this argument as a rationale for moving the world’s energy infrastructure from fossil fuels to wind and solar renewables is that there was no rational case for renewables because of their operational drawbacks particularly in terms of intermittency and unreliability. The theory of catastrophic climate change was needed to force the issue with fear based activism against fossil fuels having failed to compete in the market for energy.
  8. Belatedly, after more than two decades of forced implementation of a flawed energy model with fear based activism against fossil fuels, climate science now boasts that the technologies such as TES, PCM, and PHES are currently in development and that these technologies hold the promise of solving the unreliability and intermittency problem of wind and solar renewable energy.
  9. In the context of the history of the cart before the horse forced implementation of wind and solar renewables with fear based activism, the promising developments for reliable wind and solar renewables after the fact reveals the fallacy of forced fear based activism as a method for promoting renewables. A technology still under development and not ready for the market was thus imposed with activism.
  10. This grotesque history of the attempt to force an energy transition with an incomplete and yet undeveloped technology is revealed as yet another criminal failure in a poorly thought out activism against fossil fuels before the alternative energy technology development was complete and before the technology was at hand.
  11. In the context of the admission at this late stage in the climate movement that technologies for reliability of renewables are still in development, the fear mongering lies used to push an incomplete energy technology is a crime against humanity. There should be criminal charges or at the least lawsuits against the perpetrators of this scam.
CLIMATE ACTIVISM IN POLITICS

CLIMATE ACTIVISM IN CLIMATE SCIENCE

RELATED POST ON TECHNOLOGIES UNDER DEVELOPMENT TO ADDRESS THE INTERMITTENCY OF RENEWABLES: LINK: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/02/28/intermittency-of-renewable-energy/

bandicam 2020-08-18 11-12-18-475

Image result for mid holocene warm period

THIS POST IS A SUMMARY AND REVIEW OF THE NOAA STATEMENT ON THE HOLOCENE CLIMATE OPTIMUM AKA MID HOLOCENE WARM PERIOD.

A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE HOLOCENE TEMPERATURE CYCLES OVER THE LAST 10,000 YEARS SINCE THE YOUNGER DRYAS IS PRESENTED IN A RELATED POST: LINK: https://tambonthongchai.com/2019/06/11/chaoticholocene/ .

RELATED POST ON THE HOLOCENE CLIMATE OPTIMUM: https://tambonthongchai.com/2018/08/20/the-holocene-optimum-period-a-bibliography/

The NOAA study of the Mid-Holocene Warm Period aka Holocene Climate Optimum
Paleoclimatologists have long suspected that the “middle Holocene,” a period roughly from 7,000 to 5,000 years ago, was warmer than the present day. Terms like the Altithermal or Hypsithermal or Climatic Optimum have all been used to refer to this warm period that marked the middle of the current interglacial period. Today, however, we know that these terms are obsolete and that the truth of the Holocene is more complicated than originally believed. What is most remarkable about the mid-Holocene is that we now have a good understanding of both the global patterns of temperature change during that period and what caused them. It appears clear that changes in Earth’s orbit have operated slowly over thousands and millions of years to change the amount of solar radiation reaching each latitudinal band of Earth during each month. The Milankovitch orbital changes predict that the Northern Hemisphere should have been warmer than today during the mid-Holocene in the summer and colder in the winter. The combination of warmer summers and colder winters is apparent for some regions in the proxy records and model simulations. There are some important exceptions to this pattern, however, including colder summers in the monsoon regions of Africa and Asia due to stronger monsoons with associated increased cloud cover during the mid-Holocene, and warmer winters at high latitudes due to reduction of winter sea ice cover caused by more summer melting.

In summary, the mid-Holocene, roughly 6,000 years ago, was generally warmer than today during summer in the Northern Hemisphere. In some locations, this could be true for winter as well. We know that the cause of this natural warming was “astronomical” Milankovitch climate forcing. This forcing doesn’t exist in the warming over the last 100 years. And so the current warming has to be human caused by way of the fossil fuel emissions of the industrial economy. (NOAA).

CONCLUSION: Unlike the usual climate science position that the current warming is unprecedented, NOAA holds the view that perhaps the warming is not unprecedented but the precedented warming in the absence of the causes that explain the precedence, imply human cause if the current warming and because the timing coincides with the industrial economy, that human cause must be the industrial economy.

Image result for noaa headquarters

HOLOCENE CLIMATE OPTIMUM BIBLIOGRAPHY

  1. 1978: Sarnthein, Michael. “Sand deserts during glacial maximum and climatic optimum.” Nature 272.5648 (1978): 43. The past 20,000 yr have witnessed tremendous climatic changes, a glacial maximum at about 18,000 yr BP and a climatic optimum centred on about 6,000 yr BP, both of which mark extreme situations for the Quaternary. This paper attempts to show that active sand dunes were extensive 18,000 yr ago. Conversely, it seems that sand dunes were generally dormant 6,000 yr ago. Thus the former textbook concept1,2 of an arid climatic optimum and a pluvially active glacial maximum is reversed.
  2. 1979: Eronen, Matti. “The retreat of pine forest in Finnish Lapland since the Holocene climatic optimum: a general discussion with radiocarbon evidence from subfossil pines.” Fennia-International Journal of Geography 157.2 (1979): 93-114. Literature data on the retreat of the pine forest in Northern Fennoscandia are presented to cover the period from the early 19th century onwards, i.e. since the first reliable observations were made. These data are compared with radiocarbon datings of 44 samples from subfossil pines found at or beyond the present limit of pine forest. The trees had usually been preserved best in moist surroundings, the majority of the trunks and stumps having been recovered from small lakes or wet paludified depressions. Although the dates are scattered over a wide period of time, from about 7000 B.P. up to recent times, there is a concentration around 4000‑6000 B.P. sufficient to suggest that pine forest grew beyond the present limit during the Holocene climatic optimum. The most pronounced retreat in the forest limit since that time is recorded in Enontekiö, in the western part of Finnish Lapland. The results fit well with existing pollen records, which indicate that pine spread to Lapland around 8500‑7500 B.P. and achieved its maximum distribution in the period 7500‑5000 B.P., gradually retreating since then, due to the deteriorating climate.
  3. 1990: Weidick, Anker, et al. “The recession of the Inland Ice margin during the Holocene climatic optimum in the Jakobshavn Isfjord area of West Greenland.” Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 82.3-4 (1990): 389-399. Recent subsurface mapping of parts of the Greenland Inland Ice margin in the region of Jakobshavn Isbræ indicates that the fjord system in the period of at least 2700–4700 calendar yr B.P. was more ice free than at present, and that the front of the glacier was at least 15 km behind the present position. The 14C-datings of subfossils brought to the present ice margin fit with the climatic records from ice cores and confirm the favourable conditions for Greenland’s first settlers, the Sarqaq people, who arrived in the region about 4000 yr ago to find hunting grounds 10–20% larger than the present.
  4. 1992: Ciais, P., et al. “Evidence for an early Holocene climatic optimum in the Antarctic deep ice-core record.” Climate Dynamics 6.3-4 (1992): 169-177. In the interpretation of the Antarctic deep ice-core data, little attention has been given to the Holocene part of the records. As far as translation of the stable isotope content in terms of temperature is concerned, this can be understood because expected temperature changes may be obscured by isotopic noise of various origins and because no 14C dating has yet been available for this type of sequence. In this article, we focus on the Dome C and Vostok cores and on a new 850-m long ice core drilled out at Komsomolskaïa by the Soviet Antarctic Expeditions. These three sites are located in East Antarctica, on the Antarctic plateau, in a region essentially undisturbed by ice-flow conditions, so that their detailed intercomparison may allow us to identify the climatically significant isotopic signal. Our results compare well with the proximal records of Southern Hemisphere high latitudes and support the existence of a warmer “climatic optimum” between 10 and 6 ka y BP. Maximum temperatures are reached just at the end of the last deglaciation, which confirms previous observations at high latitudes, in contrast with later dates for the Atlantic and hypsithermal optima in Europe and North America.
  5. 1995: Hjort, Christian, et al. “Radiocarbon dated common mussels Mytilus edulis from eastern Svalbard and the Holocene marine climatic optimum.” Polar Research 14.2 (1995): 239-243. The common mussel Mytilus edulis is an indicator of milder marine conditions in the Arctic, with stronger Atlantic Water influx, during the Holocene and earlier interglacials. Twelve Holocene radiocarbon dates of mytilus from eastern Svalbard fall between ca 8800 and 5000 BP and roughly delimit the marine climatic optimum period there. The beginning of this period in the east coincides with the immigration of boreal extralimital molluscs to western Svalbard, indicating the culmination of Holocene Atlantic influence.
  6. 1996: Gingele, Franz X. “Holocene climatic optimum in Southwest Africa—evidence from the marine clay mineral record.” Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 122.1-4 (1996): 77-87. Sediment composition, grain size and clay mineral record of a high-resolution sediment core from the continental slope off Namibia was investigated to gain information on the deposition of terrigenous matter in this part of the Southwest African continental margin during the last 18 k.y. The depositional processes involved are fluvial input by the Kunene River and eolian input from the Namib and Kalahari deserts, each supplying characteristic mineral suites. During low sea level, erosion of the exposed shelf yields additional material. The amount of eolian or fluvial matter depends on the strength of the transport process, which is a function of aridity or humidity of the source area, thus allowing paleoclimatic interpretations. Arid conditions prevailed during a low sea level from 18 to 15 ka and unconsolidated shelf sediment was mobilized and supplied to the slope by short-distance transport by southerly winds. A dramatic increase in the accumulation of terrigenous sediment is recorded from 15 to 10 ka without major changes in sediment composition, which is attributed to increased runoff of the Kunene River and fluvial erosion of shelf sediments. This period coincides with a strengthening of the monsoonal system during a precessional minimum, which is observed in numerous sites in Central Africa and indicates an intensified influence of the monsoon at the Kunene headwaters. A distinct shift in clay mineralogy towards river-derived material marks a second period of increased river runoff—during high sea level—from 9 to 5 ka, indicating maximum humidity in the source area from 6 to 5 ka. This corresponds to the Holocene climatic optimum observed in the arid belts of Northern Africa. The present balance between fluvial and eolian input was reached approximately at 4 ka.
  7. 1999: Rossignol-Strick, Martine. “The Holocene climatic optimum and pollen records of sapropel 1 in the eastern Mediterranean, 9000–6000 BP.” Quaternary Science Reviews 18.4-5 (1999): 515-530. The most recent sapropel in the deep eastern Mediterranean Sea has been deposited between 9 and 6 ka bp. Climate conditions, as revealed by the pollen records of this sapropel in marine cores, were most favorable for temperate deciduous trees, which is in agreement with the inferences from records of peripheral land pollen sites. The abundance of deciduous oak pollen is much higher than that of Artemisia (sage-brush), indicating that annual precipitation in the mid-elevation borderlands was at least 550 mm without summer drought, but more probably in the range 800–1300 mm. The pollen of Pistacia, which formed a savanna at low elevations, is also at its highest abundance and signals the absence of frost in winter, while being capable of withstanding summer drought. The early Holocene therefore appears as the post-glacial climatic optimum with the highest moisture and mildest winters. In southwest Asia, this is also the time of the Neolithic population explosion with incipient domestication of cereals, possibly following natural selection of the ‘tough rachis’ mutation in wheat and barley by the extreme aridity of the preceding Younger Dryas.
  8. 2000: An, Zhisheng, et al. “Asynchronous Holocene optimum of the East Asian monsoon.” Quaternary Science Reviews 19.8 (2000): 743-762. The spatial and temporal distribution of summer monsoon precipitation (or effective moisture) during the Holocene has been reconstructed on the basis of geological data, including lake levels, pollen profiles, and loess/paleosol records. In addition, the summer (July) precipitation increment, effective precipitation, and monsoon strength index have been obtained from numerical modeling experiments. Both geological data and numerical modeling indicate that the Holocene optimum, as defined by peak East Asian summer monsoon precipitation, was asynchronous in central and eastern China, reaching a maximum at different times in different regions, e.g., ca. 10,000–8000 yr ago in northeastern China, 10,000–7000 yr ago in north-central and northern east-central China, ca. 7000–5000 yr ago in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and ca. 3000 yr ago in southern China. In southwestern China the maximum appeared ca. 11,000 yr ago, but probably was related to the maximum landward extension of the Indian summer monsoon. The regional shift in the maximum precipitation belt from northwest to southeast over the past 10,000 yr is interpreted as a response to changing seasonality related to orbital forcing of the climate. The southeastward shift of the East Asian summer monsoon maximum is consistent with the progressive weakening of the summer monsoon as the summer solar radiation anomaly decreased progressively through the Holocene and the East Asian monsoon index declined, while the early maximum in southwestern China matches the maximum of the Indian monsoon index.
  9. 2003: Kalis, Arie J., Josef Merkt, and Jürgen Wunderlich. “Environmental changes during the Holocene climatic optimum in central Europe-human impact and natural causes.” Quaternary Science Reviews 22.1 (2003): 33-79. The priority programme “Changes of the Geo-Biosphere” aimed to reconstruct the environmental history of central Europe with emphasis on the time interval from 9000 to 5500 cal BP (time-slice II), coinciding with the Holocene climatic optimum. During this period, the onset of human activities such as settlement, agriculture and animal husbandry caused environmental changes. Studies of different landscape units in Germany were carried out to identify these anthropogenically induced changes and to distinguish them from natural effects on the environmental system. The investigated archives included laminated lake sediments, fluvial sediments, colluvia and soils, speleothems, peat and coastal sediments. The different archives were examined using refined research methods including a variety of sedimentary and geochemical analyses, together with pollen analysis and dating methods for the establishment of a reliable chronology. The results of the various research groups are summarised and critically discussed. Based on these results, the climatic optimum can be subdivided into three periods: (1) the Early Atlantic from 9000 to 7500 cal BP with negligible human impact and stable environmental conditions; (2) the Late Atlantic during Early and Middle Neolithic from 7500 to 6300 cal BP with pollen evidence for vegetation changes but only negligible changes detectable in other proxy records; and (3) the Late Atlantic during the Younger Neolithic (Jungneolithikum), after 6300 cal BP, with human impact observed in many archives and proxy records especially in the pollen record but also in lacustrine and fluvial sediments. During the whole climatic optimum natural causes, such as minor shifts of temperature, did not induce substantial environmental changes, though some changes, such as temporary droughts, may have facilitated and amplified the observed human impact.
  10. 2004: Andersen, Christine, Nalan Koc, and M. Moros. “A highly unstable Holocene climate in the subpolar North Atlantic: evidence from diatoms.” Quaternary Science Reviews 23.20 (2004): 2155-2166. A composite record (LO09-14) of three sediment cores from the subpolar North Atlantic (Reykjanes Ridge) was investigated in order to assess surface ocean variability during the last 11 kyr. The core site is today partly under the influence of the Irminger Current (IC), a branch of the North Atlantic Drift continuing northwestward around Iceland. However, it is also proximal to the Sub-Arctic Front (SAF) that may cause extra dynamic hydrographic conditions. We used statistical methods applied to the fossil assemblages of diatoms to reconstruct quantitative sea surface temperatures (SSTs). Our investigations give evidence for different regional signatures of Holocene surface oceanographic changes in the North Atlantic. Core LO09-14 reveal relatively low and highly variable SSTs during the early Holocene, indicating a weak IC and increased advection of subpolar water over the site. A mid-Holocene thermal optimum with a strong IC occurs from 7.5 to 5 kyr and is followed by cooler and more stable late Holocene surface conditions. Several intervals throughout the Holocene are dominated by the diatom species Rhizosolenia borealis, which we suggest indicates proximity to a strongly defined convergence front, most likely the SAF. Several coolings, reflecting southeastward advection of cold and ice-bearing waters, occur at 10.4, 9.8, 8.3, 7.9, 6.4, 4.7, 4.3 and 2.8 kyr. The cooling events recorded in the LO09-14 SSTs correlate well with both other surface records from the area and the NADW reductions observed at ODP Site 980 indicating a surface-deepwater linkage through the Holocene.
  11. 2004: He, Y., et al. “Asynchronous Holocene climatic change across China.” Quaternary Research 61.1 (2004): 52-63. A review of Holocene climatic variations in different parts of China shows that they were asynchronous. Proxy data from ice cores, pollen, loess, lacustrine sediments, and changes of sea and lake levels demonstrate that many warm and cold oscillations have occurred in China during the Holocene, including a most important climatic event known as the “Holocene optimum,” a milder and wetter period, and that the duration and amplitude of the optimum period, as well as its start and end times, differed in different parts of China. Uplift of the Tibetan plateau over the past millions of years led to the development of the monsoon climate and to complex atmospheric circulation over continental China during the Holocene. As a result, the Holocene optimum began and terminated earlier in high-altitude regions of western China than at lower elevations in eastern China, and the amplitude of the variations was lower in the east. This suggests that the western higher-altitude areas were more sensitive to climatic change than were the eastern lower-altitude areas. Holocene climatic records in the Dunde and Guliya ice cores do not correspond. Inverse δ18O variations between the two cores indicate that the effects of climate and atmospheric processes on the stable isotopes at the two sites differed. The correlation between the isotopic composition of carbonates in lake deposits in western China and climatic variations is similar to that in the ice cores. The climatic resolution in ice cores and lake sediments is higher than that in other media. The lack of precise correspondence of climatic records constructed on the basis of proxy data from different parts of China is a result of the different locations and elevations of the sampling sites, the different resolutions of the source material, and the varied climatic conditions within China. Further work is needed to confirm both the conclusions and the inferences presented here.
  12. 2004: Zhou, Weijian, et al. “High-resolution evidence from southern China of an early Holocene optimum and a mid-Holocene dry event during the past 18,000 years.” Quaternary Research62.1 (2004): 39-48. Computer models suggest that the Holocene Optimum for East Asian summer monsoon precipitation occurred at different times in different regions of China. Previous studies indicate that this time-transgressive Holocene Optimum should have been experienced about 3000 yr ago in southern China. In this study we describe a section which allows us to test this timing directly. We have closely examined high-resolution eutrophic peat/mud sequences covering the past 18,000 cal yr at Dahu, Jiangxi, on the southern boundary of the mid subtropical zone in China. Late Pleistocene successions in the Dahu record indicate cooler and much wetter conditions relative to synchronous events in north-central China. Our results indicate that the Holocene Optimum occurred between ca. 10,000 and 6000 cal yr ago in southern China, consistent with the global pattern. Conditions were relatively dry and cold from 6000 to 4000 cal yr ago. Our data also support the conclusion that the last deglaciation to early Holocene in the south was much wetter, resulting in the formation of dense broad-leaved forests, which could have acted to moderate land temperature ∼10,000 to 6000 cal yr ago, yielding a stable early-Holocene climate. After 6000 cal yr, forest reduction led to unstable land temperatures, and possibly to a northerly shift of the subtropical high-pressure system. Whatever the mechanism, these changes resulted in decreased precipitation between 6000 and 4000 cal yr B.P. in southern China
  13. 2004: Yu, Ke-Fu, et al. “High-frequency winter cooling and reef coral mortality during the Holocene climatic optimum.” Earth and Planetary Science Letters 224.1-2 (2004): 143-155. A detailed ecological, micro-structural and skeletal Sr/Ca study of a 3.42 m thick Goniopora reef profile from an emerged Holocene reef terrace at the northern South China Sea reveals at least nine abrupt massive Goniopora stress and mortality events occurred in winter during the 7.0–7.5 thousand calendar years before present (cal. ka BP) (within the Holocene climatic optimum). Whilst calculated Sr/Ca-SST (sea surface temperature) maxima during this period are comparable to those in the 1990s, Sr/Ca-SST minima are significantly lower, probably due to stronger winter monsoons. Such generally cooler winters, superimposed by further exceptional winter cooling on inter-annual to decadal scales, may have caused stress and mortality of the corals about every 50 years. Sea level rose by ∼3.42 m during this period, with present sea-level reached at ∼7.3 ka BP and a sea-level highstand of at least ∼1.8 m occurred at ∼7.0 ka. The results show that it took about 20–25 years for a killed Gonioporacoral reef to recover.
  14. 2004: Xiao, Jule, et al. “Holocene vegetation variation in the Daihai Lake region of north-central China: a direct indication of the Asian monsoon climatic history.” Quaternary Science Reviews23.14-15 (2004): 1669-1679. DH99a sediment core recovered at the center of Daihai Lake in north-central China was analyzed at 4-cm intervals for pollen assemblage and concentration. The pollen record spanning the last ca 10,000yr revealed a detailed history of vegetation and climate changes over the Daihai Lake region during the Holocene. From ca 10,250 to 7900calyr BP, arid herbs and shrubs dominated the lake basin in company with patches of mixed pine and broadleaved forests, indicating a mild and dry climatic condition. Over this period, the woody plants displayed an increasing trend, which may suggest a gradual increase in warmth and humidity. The period between ca 7900 and 4450calyr BP exhibits large-scale covers of mixed coniferous and broadleaved forests, marking a warm and humid climate. Changes in the composition of the forests indicate that both temperature and precipitation displayed obvious fluctuations during this period, i.e., cool and humid ca 7900–7250calyr BP, warm and slightly humid ca 7250–6050calyr BP, warm and humid between ca 6050 and 5100calyr BP, mild and slightly humid ca 5100–4800calyr BP, and mild and humid ca 4800–4450calyrBP. The period can be viewed as the Holocene optimum (characterized by a warm and moist climate) of north-central China, with the maximum (dominated both by warmest temperatures and by richest precipitations) occurring from ca 6050 to 5100calyr BP. During the period of ca 4450–2900calyr BP, the woody plants declined, and the climate generally became cooler and drier than the preceding period. This period is characterized by a cold, dry episode from ca 4450 to 3950calyr BP, a warm, slightly humid interval between ca 3950 and 3500calyr BP and a mild, slightly dry episode from ca 3500 to 2900calyr BP, and appears to be a transition from warm and humid to cold and dry climatic conditions. Since ca 2900calyr ago, the forests disappeared and the vegetation density decreased, reflecting a cool and dry climate. However, a relative recovery of the woody plants occurring between ca 1700 and 1350calyr BP may denote an increase both in temperature and in precipitation. Fluctuations in the climatic condition of the Daihai Lake region were not only related to changes in the seasonal distribution of solar insolation and in the axis and intensity of the ocean current in the western North Pacific but were also closely linked to variations in the position and strength of polar high-pressure systems and in the pattern and intensity of the Westerly winds.
  15. 2007: Wang, ShuYun, et al. “The early Holocene optimum inferred from a high-resolution pollen record of Huguangyan Maar Lake in southern China.” Chinese Science Bulletin 52.20 (2007): 2829-2836. A high-resolution pollen record of the past 13000 a from Huguangyan Maar Lake reveals the vegetation and environment changes in southern China during the Holocene. It shows that (i) pollen percentage of trees and shrubs reached 56% during the early Holocene (11600–7800 cal a BP), of which the pollen percentage of tropical trees reached a maximum at 9500-8000 cal a BP, reflecting a hot and wet environment; (ii) during the mid-Holocene (7800–4200 cal a BP), the pollen percentage of montane coniferous trees and herbs increased, while the percentage of tropical-subtropical trees decreased, indicating lower temperature and humidity; (iii) in the late Holocene spanning from 4200 to 350 cal a BP, the pollen percentage of herbs and montane conifer increased significantly, indicating a marked decrease of temperature and humidity. Our pollen data reveal that the time period 9500–8000 cal a BP in southern China represents a climatic optimum for the Holocene characterized by hot and wet conditions. This is consistent with the Holocene optimum found in lower latitude regions globally. We speculate that strong insolation might cause the northward migration of the ITCZ and subtropical summer monsoon front, which resulted in an early Holocene optimum in the Huguangyan area. The dry tendency and climate fluctuations of the middle and late Holocene could be associated with a decrease in solar insolation and frequent ENSO event.
  16. 2008: Joerin, U. E., et al. “Holocene optimum events inferred from subglacial sediments at Tschierva Glacier, Eastern Swiss Alps.” Quaternary Science Reviews 27.3-4 (2008): 337-350. This study investigates the subglacial sedimentary archive at Tschierva Glacier, Eastern Swiss Alps. Subfossil wood remains found at the retreating glacier tongue indicate that their emergence results from recent transport from an upvalley basin. A confluence-basin-like structure was found to exist by georadar measurements underneath the present glacier. In combination with high resolution age determinations based on dendrochronology and radiocarbon dating it is implied that a retreated Tschierva Glacier allowed vegetation growth and sediment accumulation in that basin. Three periods of glacier recession were detected, which occurred around 9200 cal yr BP, from 7450 to 6650 cal yr BP and from 6200 to 5650 cal yr BP. These periods are called Holocene optimum events (HOE). Accordingly, an equilibrium line rise >220 m compared to the reference period from 1960 to 1985 was inferred from digital elevation models of former glacier extents. Since glacier mass balance depends on summer (June–July–August) temperature and precipitation, an equilibrium line altitude (ELA) rise of 220 m implies a summer temperature increase of about 1.8 °C assuming unchanged precipitation during the dated HOE. Alternative calculations point to probable temperature increase in a broad interval between +1.0 °C taking into account a precipitation change of −250 mm/a to +2.5 °C with +250 mm/a precipitation change, supporting earlier paleotemperature estimates. It is proposed that higher mean summer insolation caused a stronger seasonality during the mid-Holocene as compared to late Holocene conditions.
Download "Laudato Si" | Pope Francis' Encyclical on Environment and Climate  Change

Laudato Si‘ is an integration of religion and environmentalism that is then further extended and integrated with climate change and the need for climate action. It is critical of national governments that are weak on climate action. It calls on Catholics to divest from fossil fuel companies. The encyclical accepts the scientific consensus that climate change is man-made and that without man made climate action there will be profound environmental, social, political and economic consequences. 

RELATED POST ON THE LAUDATO SI: https://tambonthongchai.com/2020/10/21/climate-change-and-religion/

Image result for god gives man dominion over the earth

AND GOD SAID, LET US MAKE MAN IN OUR IMAGE, AFTER OUR LIKENESS AND LET HIM HAVE DOMINION OVER THE FISH OF THE SEA, AND THE FOWL OF THE AIR, AND OVER THE CATTLE AND OVER ALL THE EARTH, AND EVERY CREEPING THING THAT CREEPETH UPON THE EARTH.

GENESIS SAYS THAT WE HAVE DOMINION OVER NATURE SO THAT WE ARE NOT REALLY PART OF NATURE BUT ITS MANAGERS AND CARETAKERS. THIS MENTALITY IS THE SOURCE AND THE ROOT CAUSE OF BAMBI ENVIRONMENTALISM AND THE FOUNDATION OF THINGS LIKE HUMAN CAUSED CLIMATE CHANGE AND HUMAN CAUSED CLIMATE MODERATION SO THAT THE HUMANS CAN SAVE THE PLANET. THE REALITY IS THAT WE ARE JUST ANOTHER SPECIES OF MAMMALS. WE ARE A PART OF NATURE AND NOT ITS CARETAKER.

SINCE WE HAVE DOMINION WE SHOULD KNOW HOW NATURE WORKS.

Image result for god gives man dominion over the earth

SO HERE IS THE LAUDATO SI WISDOM ON HOW NATURE WORKS.

  1. RIVERS DO NOT DRINK THEIR OWN WATER
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RIVERS NEITHER EAT NOR DRINK BECAUSE RIVERS ARE NOT LIFE FORMS BUT GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES

2. TREES DO NOT EAT THEIR OWN FRUIT

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TREES CAN’T MOVE SO THEY USE FRUIT TO ENTICE MOBILE CREATURES TO EAT THE FRUIT AND DISPOSE OF THE SEEDS AT A DISTANCE SO THE TREE CAN SPREAD ITSELF GEOGRAPHICALLY. THE TREE USES THE FRUIT TO SERVE ITS OWN NEEDS AND NOT AS A FORM OF SERVICE OR KINDNESS FOR ANIMALS.

3. THE SUN DOES NOT SHINE ON ITSELF

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THE SUN DOES NOT SHINE ON ITSELF IN THE SAME WAY THAT WE EXPERIENCE SUNSHINE BUT IT IS ITSELF THE MOST SIGNIFICANT RECIPIENT OF SOLAR ENERGY. THE SUN DOES NOT SHINE ON ANYTHING IN PARTICULAR. IT IS SIMPLY ONE OF BILLIONS OF STARS IN THE UNIVERSE THAT ARE NATURE’S NUCLEAR FUSION REACTORS WITH RADIATION IN ALL DIRECTIONS. SURFACE LIFE ON EARTH IS A CREATION OF THIS SOURCE OF ENERGY BUT THAT CANNOT BE UNDERSTOOD AS A KIND OF A SUNSHINE SERVICE FOR THE EARTH. A PARALLEL SYSTEM OF LIFE ON EARTH INDPENDENT OF THE SUN IS FOUND IN THE BOTTOM OF THE OCEAN CREATED BY GEOTHERMAL HEAT IN A PROCESS LIKE PHOTOSYNTHESIS CALLED CHEMOSYNTHESIS.

4. FLOWERS DO NOT SPREAD THEIR FRAGRANCE FOR THEMSELVES

Image result for BEAUTIFUL FRAGRANT FLOWER GARDEN THAILAND
PLANTS CAN’T MOVE SO THEY USE FRAGRANT FLOWERS TO ATTRACT INSECTS AND TRICK THEM INTO PROVIDING THE POLLINATION FUNCTION THAT PLANTS NEED TO REPRODUCE. “insects move pollen to the parts of the flower that need it. Some insects can carry pollen over long distances, which can help to spread genetic diversity in a plant population” (from sciencing.com). FLOWERS DON’T SPREAD THEIR FRAGRANCE TO BE NICE. THEY SPREAD FRAGRANCE TO SERVE THE PLANT THAT MADE THEM FOR THAT PURPOSE.

5. LIVING FOR OTHERS IS A RULE OF NATURE

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LIVING FOR OTHERS IS A RULE OF NATURE ONLY FOR BAMBI. IN REAL NATURE IT’S LIVING BY EATING OTHERS

6. WE ARE ALL BORN TO HELP EACH OTHER

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IF THIS IS A REFERENCE TO ALL OF NATURE INCLUDING NON-HUMAN SPECIES, THIS STATEMENT APPLIES ONLY TO BAMBI AND FRIENDS AND NOT TO THE REAL NATURE WE KNOW WHERE SOME CREATURES KILL AND EAT OTHER CREATURES TO SURVIVE.

WE ARE ALL BORN TO HELP EACH OTHER. NO MATTER HOW DIFFICULT IT IS, LIFE IS GOOD WHEN YOU ARE HAPPY BUT MUCH BETTER WHEN OTHERS ARE HAPPY BECAUSE OF YOU.

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION: THE RULES OF LIFE OUTLINED ABOVE AS IN BEING HAPPY AND HELPING EACH OTHER AND THE GREATER GOOD OF MAKING OTHERS HAPPY – MAY APPLY TO POST NEOLITHIC HUMANS BUT THEY DO NOT APPLY TO PALEOLITHIC HUMANS AND THEY CERTAINLY DO NOT APPLY TO ALL OF NATURE NOR TO INANIMATE THINGS LIKE THE SUN. DETALS BELOW.

Image result for the paleolithic era of humans
  1. IN THE PALEOLITHIC ERA, HUMANS WERE ANIMAL-LIKE HUNTER-GATHERERS THAT LIVED ISOLATED LIVES WITH THEIR FAMILIES IN CAVES AND HUNTED AND ATE OTHER ANIMALS INCLUDING OTHER HUMANS. THERE WAS NO HUMAN SOCIETY OR COMMUNITY EXCEPT FOR IMMEDIATE FAMILY WITHIN EACH CAVE.
Image result for CANNIBALISM IN THE PALEOLITHIC ERA

IN THE NEOLITHIC ERA, HUMANS CAME OUT OF THEIR CAVES, CUT DOWN TREES, CLEARED THE FOREST, BUILT HOMES, AND STARTED FARMING AND RAISING FARM ANIMALS. THESE CHANGES LED TO FORMATION OF COMMUNITIES THAT IN TURN LED TO COOPERATION, TRADING, LANGUAGE, SOCIAL INTERACTION, THE FORMATION OF SOCIETIES, AND THE BIRTH OF HUMAN CIVILIZATION.

Image result for HUMAN SOCIETY IN THE NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION

IN THIS SYSTEM, SOCIETIES WITH MORE MUTUAL CARING AND AND COOPERATION AND BETTER CHILD REARING HAD A HIGHER PROBABILITY OF SUCCESS IN TERMS OF SURVIVAL, PROSPERITY, AND GROWTH WHILE THOSE WITH LESS MUTUAL CARING AND HIGHER LEVELS OF CRIME, MURDER, AND CANNIBALISM DID NOT DO AS WELL.

AS A KIND OF NATURAL SELECTION, THE EVOLUTIONARY DYNAMICS OF HUMAN SOCIETY FAVORED “LOVE THY NEIGHBOR” SOCIETIES AND AS A RESULT OF THIS PROCESS OVER THOUSANDS OF YEARS WHAT WE HAVE TODAY ARE MOSTLY CIVIL SOCIETIES WHERE THE RULES OF THE POPE HAVE BEEN CULTIVATED BY SOCIAL EVOLUTION.

HOWEVER, THESE RULES OF SOCIAL EVOLUTION HAVE NO RELEVANCE TO THE REST OF NATURE OUTSIDE OF THE HUMAN SPECIES.

THEREFORE, ENVIRONMENTALISM IS NOT A WAY FOR HUMANS TO TAKE CARE OF NATURE BUT A WAY FOR HUMANS TO TAKE CARE OF THEMSELVES BY MAKING SURE THAT THEIR ENVIRONS (SURROUNDINGS) ARE CONSISTENT WITH HUMAN WELFARE.

Image result for MAN AND NATURE LIVING IN HARMONY

RELATED POST ON THE LAUDATO SI: https://tambonthongchai.com/2020/10/21/climate-change-and-religion/

Image result for god gives man dominion over the earth

RELATED POST ON THE LAUDATO SI: https://tambonthongchai.com/2020/10/21/climate-change-and-religion/

Image result for MEKONG RIVER

ILLEGAL ENTRY OF CENTRAL AMERICANS: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2019/06/climate-change-causes-illegal-entry-of.html

CLIMATE ACTIVISM IN CONGRESS: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2019/06/climate-science-strong-evidence-that.html

AN AGENCY THEORY OF SECURITIES REGULATION: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2019/06/an-agency-theory-of-securities.html

FOUND IN HOSPITAL RECORDS: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2019/06/found-in-actual-hospital-records.html

CLIMATE CHANGE DRYING UP THE MEKONG RIVER: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/04/reference-non-water-flushing-bangkok.html

WHY ARE THE AMERICAN NATIVES CALLED INDIANS? http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/04/reference-book-reviews-bangkok-post.html

GLOBAL WARMING CAUSES VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS IN ICELAND: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/04/reference-ice-cap-thaw-may-awaken.html

CLIMATE CHANGE WILL WEAKEN AND DELAY THE SOUTH ASIAN MONSOON AND DEVASTATE AGRICULTURE: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/04/reference-forecasters-predict-good.html

GLOBAL WARMING IS MELTING THE WEST ANTARCTIC ICE SHEET: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/04/reference-800-flee-eruption-bangkok.html

CLIMATE ACTIVISTS DON’T LIKE NUCLEAR EITHER: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/04/reference-nuclear-dead-end-bangkok-post.html

BHUTAN IS THE POSTER CHILD OF CLIMATE SCIENCE, AND WHAT CLIMATE SCIENTISTS WANT THE WORLD TO LOOK LIKE: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/04/reference-kingdom-sees-big-struggle-to.html

IS POPULATION GROWTH A GOOD THING OR A BAD THING? : http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/04/reference-america-will-be-just-fine.html

THE ANCIENT ANGKOR WAT CIVILIZATION OF CAMBODIA DESTROYED BY CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE MEDIEVAL WARM PERIOD: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/04/reference-america-will-be-just-fine.html

CLIMATE CHANGE: EARTH IS OVERHEATED, UNDER-RESOURCED, AND OUT OF TIME: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/03/reference-green-economy-could-save.html

CLIMATE CHANGE SEA LEVEL RISE CAUSING BANGLADESH TO LOSE LAND AND SHRINK: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/03/reference-rising-sea-levels-sinks-new.html

THE COPENHAGEN DISASTER OF CLIMATE ACTIVISM: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/02/unwinding-of-climate-change-hype-once.html

BUREAUCRATIC LANGUAGE PRESENTS COPENHAGEN AS SUCCESS: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/01/reference-meeting-copenhagens-challenge.html

CHINA BURNING COAL IN THE AGE OF CLIMATE CHANGE OMG OMG: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/01/refereence-coal-remains-king-in-china.html

MORE ON THE COPENHAGEN COP15 COLLAPSE: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/01/reference-maldive-state-of-mind-bangkok.html

CLIMATE CHANGE CAUSES DROUGHT IN THE MOUNTAINS OF BOLIVIA OMG OMG! : http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/01/reference-vanishing-ice-and-political.html

NOT JUST POLAR BEARS BUT WALRUSES TOO ARE DYING OUT AS CLIMATE CHANGE MELTS SEA ICE: OMG! OMG! http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/01/reference-walruses-suffer-losses-as-sea.html

UNUSUALLY COLD WEATHER IS NATURAL VARIABILITY BUT UNUSUALLY WARM WEATHER IS CLIMATE CHANGE: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/01/reference-cold-snap-not-end-of-global.html

CHARTING THE CLIMATE HYPE IN NEWSPAPERS: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/01/rise-and-fall-of-global-warming-hype.html

IS CLIMATE CHANGE CAUSED BY JUST FOSSIL FUEL CO2 OR ANY CO2? http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/01/reference-redd-alert-bangkok-post.html

CLIMATE CHANGE CAUSES THE WARMEST WINTER ON RECORD OMG OMG: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-running-out-of-time-bangkok.html

CLIMATE CHANGE DROUGHT DEVASTATES WHEAT FARMERS IN GANSU PROVINCE OF CHINA, OMG OMG: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-chinese-farmers-struggle-with.html

IF THE COPENHAGEN COP15 WAS A DO OR DIE THING FOR THE CLIMATE MOVEMENT, WHY ISN’T IT DEAD YET? http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/copenhagen-copenhagen-meeting.html

CLIMATE CHANGE CAUSES TROPICAL CYCLONE IN THE BAY OF BENGAL, OMG! OMG! http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-destruction-on-global-level_18.html

CLIMATE CHANGE CAUSES SOIL SALINITY IN SOUTHERN BANGLADESH AND DEVASTATES AGRCULTURE OMG! OMG!: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-destruction-on-global-level.html

GLOBAL WARMING IS BASIC SCIENCE: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-climate-change-101-bangkok.html

EXTENSIVE ARCTIC SUMMER SEA ICE MELT OF 2007 PROMPTS THE ICE FREE ARCTIC ALARM FROM CLIMATE SCIENTISTS: OMG OMG! http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-polar-ice-may-go-in-five.html

CLIMATE CHANGE CAUSES SEA LEVEL RISE TO FLOOD SAMUT PRAKAN, THAILAND, OMG OMG! http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-what-and-where-is-our-climate.html

CLIMATE CHANGE MELTING ICE IN THE HIMALAYAN MOUNTAINS SO FAST THAT IT WILL ALL BE GONE BY THE YEAR 2035. OMG OMG! http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-giant-climate-fraud-in.html

CLIMATE RACISM: POOR COUNTRIES MUST NOT SEEK TO DEVELOP THEIR ECONOMY TO WESTERN STANDARDS FOR THE SAKE OF THE CLIMATE: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-low-carbon-is-economy-of.html

FOSSIL FUEL EMISSIONS BRINGING ABOUT AN ICE FREE ARCTIC AND WHEN THAT HAPPENS, FEEDBACK WARMING WILL TAKE OVER AND DESTROY THE PLANET OMG OMG! http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-warming-trend-is-clear.html

THE CLIMATE CRISIS REACHES A CRITICAL POINT OMG OMG! AND THE CLIMATE ACTION URGENCY IS SUCH THAT THE QUESTION IS NO LONGER WHETHER HUMANS ARE TO BLAME: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-editorial-to-world-urges.html

THE IPCC SAYS THAT THE MELT OF THE GANGOTRI GLACIER IN THE HIMALAYAS HAS ACCELERATED AND ALL THE RIVERS THAT DEPEND ON HIMLAYAN ICE MELT WATER WILL RUN DRY IN A DECADE. OMG OMG! http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-himalayan-glacier-melts-to.html

THE COMING RISE OF CHINA: A BILLION CHINESE LIVING THE GOOD EUROPEAN LIFESTYLE WILL DEVASTATE THE CLIMATE. OMG OMG! WE CAN’T LET THAT HAPPEN OMG! http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-dont-put-south-on-road-to.html

ECONOMIC GROWTH IN SOUTHEAST ASIA WILL DEVASTATE THE CLIMAGE OMG OMG! ASIANS SHOULD NOT ASPIRE TO LIVE LIKE FALANGS IN THE AGE OF CLIMATE CHANGE: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-climate-changes-dealmaker.html

CLIMATE CHANGE WILL DEVASTATE AGRICULTURE IN CHINA OMG OMG! http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-climate-warming-in-harvest.html

NON-CLIMATE POST ON THE CAMBODIAN ECONOMY: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/11/reference-un-points-to-cambodia.html

CLIMATE CHANGE CAUSES A FLOTILLA OF ICEBERGS FLOATING FROM ANTARCTICA TOWARD NEW ZEALAND OMG OMG! http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/11/reference-over-100-icebergs-drifting-to.html

CLIMATE CHANGE IS CAUSING THE WEST ANTARCTIC ICE SHEET IS TO LOSE 57 BILLION TONNES OF ICE A YEAR AND IF THIS TREND CONTINUES IT COULD RAISE SEA LEVELS BY 5 METERS JUST AS IT HAD DONE IN THE EEMIAN INTERGLACIAL OMG OMG! http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/11/reference-ice-loss-at-billions-of-tons.html

RELIGION AND CLIMATE CHANGE ALARMISM ARE THE EVIDENCE OF AN INNER HUMAN NEED FOR APOCALYPTIC FORECASTS; http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/11/reference-hollywood-does-apocalypse.html

MORE ON THE COPENHAGEN COP15 CLIMATE MEETING APOCALYPSE: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/11/reference-no-deal-in-copenhagen-bangkok_17.html

NON-CLIMATE POST ON HMNONG REFUGEES IN THAILAND: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/11/reference-three-years-and-counting.html

A HISTORICAL BACKGROUND FOR THE OZONE DEPLETION FEARMONGERING LEADING UP TO THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/11/ozone-hole-news-archives-march-10-1987.html

OLD WBT PAGE: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2019/12/a-version-of-old-wbt-page-preserved-by.html

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THIS POST IS A BRIEF CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE BOOK THE POWER OF DESERTS.

Cover of The Power of Deserts by Dan Rabinowitz

The book, The Power of Deserts, by Dan Rabinowitz {LINK: https://www.amazon.com/Power-Deserts-Climate-Promise-Post-Oil/dp/1503609987 says that the hardship caused by global warming in the desert will push the oil economies of the Middle East to withdraw from their oil economy and embrace climate action.

Hotter and dryer than most parts of the world, the Middle East could soon see climate change exacerbate food and water shortages, aggravate social inequalities, and drive displacement and political destabilization. And as renewable energy eclipses fossil fuels, oil rich countries in the Middle East will see their wealth diminish. Amidst these imminent risks is a call to action for regional leaders. Could countries such as Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and the United Arab Emirates harness the region’s immense potential for solar energy and emerge as vanguards of global climate action? The Power of Deserts surveys regional climate models and identifies the potential impact on socioeconomic disparities, population movement, and political instability. Offering more than warning and fear, however, the book highlights a potentially brighter future—a recent shift across the Middle East toward renewable energy. With his deep knowledge of the region and knack for presenting scientific data with clarity, Dan Rabinowitz makes a sober yet surprisingly optimistic investigation of opportunity arising from a looming crisis.”

EDITORIAL REVIEW BY AMAZON.COM

The Power of Deserts offers an important argument detailing how the Middle East could be devastated by the impact of climate changeor could generate huge amounts of renewable energy. Dan Rabinowitz skillfully communicates the difficulty these nations will face in adapting to climate change. A provocative work.” — Steven Cohen, the Earth Institute, Columbia University, and author of The Sustainable City. In this timely, compelling book, Dan Rabinowitz deftly explores how climate change amplifies problems of inequality, injustice, and displacement in the Middle East. Rabinowitz’s deep knowledge of the region, ability to clearly present complex material, and novel contention that the oil-rich Gulf states may lead the global transition to renewable energy make The Power of Deserts a must-read for anyone interested in these issues.” — Jeannie Sowers, University of New Hampshire, author of Environmental Politics in Egypt: Experts, Activists, and the State. Only Dan Rabinowitz, who wrote Israel’s first book about climate change, has the knowledge, imagination, and optimistic spirit to look at the Middle East and offer this compelling, hopeful vision for the future.” — Alon Tal, Tel Aviv University.
About the Author: Dan Rabinowitz, Professor of Sociology and Anthropology at Tel Aviv University, is Chairman of the Association for Environmental Justice in Israel. He was Head of TAU’s Porter School of Environmental Studies and Chairman of Greenpeace Mediterranean. He received the Pratt Prize for Environmental Journalism (2012) and the Green Globe Award for Environmental Leadership (2016). There are no “customer reiews” at Amazon.com for this book.

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CRITICAL COMMENTARY

The essential hypothesis in “The Power of Deserts” is that the oil rich Middle East is a hot desert and therefore will be hard hit by global warming while at the same time the vast expanse of desert with all that sunshine seems like an ideal place for a vast expanse of solar farms. Based on these assessments, the author imagines that Arabs will cave in and voluntarily make a dramatic transition from champions of fossil fuels to champions of climate action and do the world a favor by becoming the world’s largest solar farm. {“The Power of Deserts” is all that electric power generated by the desert}

However, the warming rate there is about the global average of about 0.2C per decade and the forecast of the horror of a collapse of agriculture due to climate change is not very relevant to a desert economy. It should also be noted that climate science has a history of failed regional forecasts of drought and agricultural failure. Syria is an example.

That the Middle East should take climate action because climate change COULD turn into a horror for desert cultures is the invocation of the precautionary principle, an assessment based on inadequate information.

It should also be noted that the Arabian Empire that had once stretched from Iran to North Africa and up to Spain, achieved this zenith at a time of global warming during the Medieval Warm Period.

There is also a hint of colonialist racism in the assessment that climate change, what the industrial revolution of the West had wrought, has created a new urgency for the West that requires more solar farms and the Arabian desert would make a fine solar farm what with all that sunshine, so little rain, and the virtual absence of shade from trees. The conversion of the vast desert of the Arabs into solar farms will serve the needs of their former colonial lords and so therefore, the Arabs should give up their petroleum economy and go into the solar business.

The Power of Deserts book may be more racism and climate activism than science.

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There has been much speculation on possible relationships between global warming and the covid19 pandemic with causation proposed in both directions as in the pandemic reduced fossil fuel emissions in a kind of climate action and also the reverse hypothesis that warming made the pandemic more likely and more deadly.

The warming to pandemic causation hypothesis is seen for example in the works of the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) where we find this hypothesis: “We don’t have direct evidence that climate change is influencing the spread of COVID-19, but we do know that climate change alters how we relate to other species on Earth and that matters to our health and our risk for infections. As the planet heats up, animals big and small, on land and in the sea, are headed to the poles to get out of the heat. That means animals are coming into contact with other animals they normally wouldn’t, and that creates an opportunity for pathogens to get into new hosts. Many of the root causes of climate change also increase the risk of pandemics. Deforestation, which occurs mostly for agricultural purposes, is the largest cause of habitat loss worldwide. Loss of habitat forces animals to migrate and potentially contact other animals or people and share germs. Large livestock farms can also serve as a source for spillover of infections from animals to people. Less demand for animal meat and more sustainable animal husbandry could decrease emerging infectious disease risk and lower greenhouse gas emissions. We have many reasons to take climate action to improve our health and reducing risks for infectious disease emergence is one of them.} In essence they are saying YES global warming causes pandemics but the hypothesis is worded carefully with caveats for the flexibility needed to avoid accountability for science fraud or circular reasoning. LINK to HSPH: https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/c-change/subtopics/coronavirus-and-climate-change/

EUROPE FOREST COVER DATA 1080BC TO 1920AD

In this context, we should note that the Black Plague, that killed 25 million people in Europe in the period 1346AD to 1353AD, did not occur during the previous Holocene warm period known as the Medieval Warm Period from 950AD to 1250AD but well after that and well into the the Little Ice Age (1303-1860) cold period. In violation of the warming driven climate-pandemic causation hypothesis proposed by HSPH above, we see a pandemic that did not occur during an intense warm period but in a cold period.

In that case, the pandemic is causally related to the cold climate of the Little Ice Age in the reverse direction because the timing suggests the reverse causation. It is proposed that the pandemic caused the cold period by way of dead people’s abandoned farms going back to forest, sucking out atmospheric CO2, and causing cooling. However, as seen in the chart above, Europe’s forest cover has been on a downlward trend since 1000 BC. There appears to be a brief upward jump at 1320AD before the black plague and not after. More about this chart in a related post: LINK: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/01/09/a-european-emphasis-on-forest-preservation-in-the-amazon/

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In all such causation hypotheses, where the hypothesis is derived from history, there is no way to test the hypothesis because a hypothesis derived from the data cannot be tested with the same data.

That kind of hypothesis test contains the the so called Texas Sharpshooter fallacy, also understood as circular reasoning and confirmation bias. Therefore, given that the covid pandemic has occurred during global warming it is possible to propose their various possible causal relationships post hoc but there is no way to test these post hoc theories. That would have been possible had the pandemic been forecast on the basis of global warming theory before it had occurred.

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As often seen in circular reasoning hypotheses, the proposed causation relationship between global warming and the pandemic is also seen in reverse because in all such cases causation is suggested by a shared time span and not by statistical evidence of responsiveness. Here it is observed that the pandemic had greatly reduced economic activity in terms of canceled airline flights and the virtual elimination of travel, tourism, and recreation. In that context it is suggested that the pandemic had imposed nature’s climate action such that fossil fuel emissions have sharply declined. However, as seen in the the analysis presented in a related post, the assumed responsiveness of atmospheric composition to fossil fuel emissions is not seen in the case of the pandemic’s effect on fossil fuel emissions: LINK: https://tambonthongchai.com/2020/05/18/12479/ . A more in-depth test of the assumed causation relationship between fossil fuel emissions and atmospheric composition is presented in yet another related post on this site: LINK: https://tambonthongchai.com/2020/12/29/climate-scientist-explains-the-carbon-budget/

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WE CONCLUDE FROM THE ABOVE ANALYSIS THAT THERE IS NO EVIDENCE OF A CAUSATION RELATIONSHIP IN EITHER DIRECTION BETWEEN ANTHROPOGENIC GLOBAL WARMING AND THE COVID19 PANDEMIC BUT THAT THE USE OF CIRCULAR REASONING CAN READILY CREATE THESE RELATIONSHIPS IN EITHER DIRECTION.

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POSTSCRIPT: THE HSPH ASSESSMENT : Does climate change affect the transmission of coronavirus?
We don’t have direct evidence that climate change is influencing the spread of COVID-19, but we do know that climate change alters how we relate to other species on Earth and that matters to our health and our risk for infections. As the planet heats up, animals big and small, on land and in the sea, are headed to the poles to get out of the heat. That means animals are coming into contact with other animals they normally wouldn’t, and that creates an opportunity for pathogens to get into new hosts. Many of the root causes of climate change also increase the risk of pandemics. Deforestation, which occurs mostly for agricultural purposes, is the largest cause of habitat loss worldwide. Loss of habitat forces animals to migrate and potentially contact other animals or people and share germs. Large livestock farms can also serve as a source for spillover of infections from animals to people. Less demand for animal meat and more sustainable animal husbandry could decrease emerging infectious disease risk and lower greenhouse gas emissions. We have many reasons to take climate action to improve our health and reducing risks for infectious disease emergence is one of them. Does air pollution increase the risk of getting coronavirus? Does it make symptoms worse? Recent research from Rachel Nethery, Xiauo Wu, Francesca Dominici and other colleagues at Harvard Chan has found that people who live in places with poor air quality are more likely to die from COVID-19 even when accounting for other factors that may influence risk of death such as pre-existing medical conditions, socioeconomic status, and access to healthcare. This finding is consistent with prior research that has shown that people who are exposed to more air pollution and who smoke fare worse with respiratory infections than those who are breathing cleaner air, and who don’t smoke. In places where air pollution is a routine problem, we have to pay particular attention to individuals who may be more exposed or vulnerable than others to polluted air, such as the homeless, those who don’t have air filtration in their homes, or those whose health is already compromised. These individuals may need more attention and support than they did even before coronavirus came along. For those interested in research papers on air pollution and virus transmission: Exposure to air pollution and COVID-19 mortality in the United States (Harvard University, preprint, 2019). This study found that a small increase in long-term exposure to PM2.5 leads to a large increase in COVID-19 death rate.
Measuring the impact of air pollution on respiratory infection risk in China (Environmental Pollution, 2018). This study found that worse air quality in China may increase transmission of infections that cause influenza-like illnesses. The association between respiratory infection and air pollution in the setting of air quality policy and economic change (Annals of the American Thoracic Society, 2019). A study of nearly 500,000 New York residents found that higher particulate matter air pollution levels increased the chances of hospitalization for pneumonia and emergency deparment visits, especially for influenza. Airborne transmission may have played a role in the spread of 2015 highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks in the United States (Scientific Reports, 2019). Researchers have found that several viruses, including adenovirus and influenza virus, can be carried on air particles. This recent paper finds that particulate matter likely contributed to the spread of the 2015 avian influenza. Relationship between ambient air pollution and daily mortality of SARS in Beijing (Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2005). During the SARS epidemic in 2003, this study found that increases in particulate matter air pollution increased risks of dying from the disease. SARS is a coronavirus, like COVID-19. Will warmer weather slow the spread of coronavirus? We don’t yet have a sense of what the changing weather will mean for COVID-19 and so we shouldn’t rely upon warmer weather to curtail transmissions. We need to do everything we can right now to slow the spread of this disease, and that means we need to follow the advice that public health experts are telling us and practice social distancing and good hand hygiene, among other actions. How likely are we to see infectious disease spread as a result of climate change? Climate change has already made conditions more favorable to the spread of some infectious diseases, including Lyme disease, waterborne diseases such as Vibrio parahaemolyticus which causes vomiting and diarrhea, and mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue fever. Future risks are not easy to foretell, but climate change hits hard on several fronts that matter to when and where pathogens appear, including temperature and rainfall patterns. To help limit the risk of infectious diseases, we should do all we can to vastly reduce greenhouse gas emissions and limit global warming to 1.5 degrees. Why are emerging infectious diseases on the rise? We have seen a trend of greater emergence of infectious diseases in recent decades. Most of these diseases have entered into people from animals, especially wild animals. This trend has many causes. We have massive concentrations of domesticated animals around the world, some of which can be home to pathogens, like the flu, that can make people sick. We also have massive concentrations of people in cities where diseases transmitted by sneezing may find fertile ground. And we have the ability to travel around the globe in less than a day and share germs widely. But a look at the origins of COVID reveals that other forces may be in play. In the past century we have escalated our demands upon nature, such that today, we are losing species at a rate unknown since the dinosaurs, along with half of life on earth, went extinct 65 million years ago. This rapid dismantling of life on earth owes primarily to habitat loss, which occurs mostly from growing crops and raising livestock for people. With fewer places to live and fewer food sources to feed on, animals find food and shelter where people are, and that can lead to disease spread. Another major cause of species loss is climate change, which can also change where animals and plants live and affect where diseases may occur. Historically, we have grown as a species in partnership with the plants and animals we live with. So, when we change the rules of the game by drastically changing the climate and life on earth, we have to expect that it will affect our health. What actions can we take to prevent future outbreaks? We can make many smart investments to avert another outbreak. Federal, state, and local agencies can support public health leadership and science, we can provide more funding for needed research, early response to outbreaks, and supplies for testing. And we can do much more to control the illegal wildlife trade. We also need to take climate action to prevent the next pandemic. For example, preventing deforestation—a root cause of climate change—can help stem biodiversity loss as well as slow animal migrations that can increase risk of infectious disease spread. The recent Ebola epidemic in West Africa probably occurred in part because bats, which carried the disease, had been forced to move into new habitats because the forests they used to live in had been cut down to grow palm oil trees. Rethinking our agricultural practices, including those that rely on raising tens of millions of animals in close quarters, can prevent transmissions between animals and spillover into human populations. Reducing air pollution caused by burning fossil fuels like coal, oil and natural gas also helps keep our lungs healthy, which can protect us from respiratory infections like coronavirus. To combat climate change, we need to drastically decrease greenhouse gas emissions. Generating electricity from low-carbon energy sources like wind and solar decreases harmful air pollutants such as nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and carbon dioxide that lead to more heart attacks and stroke as well as obesity, diabetes, and premature deaths that put further strains on our health care systems. Preparation for pandemics is also about keeping people healthy at baseline. If we have a population in the U.S. where a third of our population are obese, and 5-10% of people have diabetes, we’re going to be immensely more vulnerable. And if you look at why people in the U.S. are not healthy at baseline, it has to do with our diets, pollution, and climate change. We have an opportunity here to recognize that prevention is by far the best approach to protecting health. When COVID-19 eases, and we are ready to restart our economy, we can make our workforce healthier and more climate-resilient through scaling-up our investments in low-carbon technologies. Can you identify the communities most at-risk, and how and why both COVID-19 and climate change harms them? People with chronic health conditions, lower-income, and communities of color are disproportionately impacted by both COVID-19 and climate change, and pollution is at the heart of both problems as a new Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public health study confirms. We know that African American communities are disproportionately exposed to air pollution and we’re now seeing this pollution driving higher mortality rates from COVID-19. We owe it to everyone to improve health, and we do that by reducing the sources of pollution that drive a large burden of disease both in the United States and around the world. Why is it so important for health officials to talk about climate change now? Having taken care of children and families who are deeply concerned about how they can protect their children from this disease, I can tell you that we need to wash our hands and we need to socially distance. But if we really care about preventing this kind of problem in the future, we need to think hard about climate change and the biodiversity crisis. I was actually in a room with a child and a family when I first thought that this is exactly the time that we need to think more about the broader issues that we face. We simply cannot afford to deal with a crisis like this pandemic on top of another climate-related crisis—like a hurricane, tornado, wildfire, or heatwave—when we absolutely know how to implement climate solutions, and can put them into action right now. Doing so will make us healthier today and protect our future. Climate change and global health policy are largely treated as separate issues by the public and media. Do we need to adjust our thinking?
Yes. The separation of health and environmental policy is a ​dangerous delusion. Our health entirely depends on the climate and the other organisms we share the planet with. We need to bring these communities together. Some progress has been made in addressing the risk of pathogen spillover from animals into people. But largely we still view the environment, and life on earth, as separate. We can and must do better if we want to prevent the next infectious pandemic. That means we must combat climate change and do far more to safeguard the diversity of life on earth, which is being lost at a rate not seen since the dinosaurs—and more than half of life on earth—went extinct 65 million years ago. COVID-19 is killing people now and climate change is killing people now. The scale of actions to combat them are starkly different. Why? Infectious diseases are scary because they are immediate and personal. They radically and rapidly change how we lead our lives, and they are an immediate threat to our friends and families. They hit all of our “go” buttons. Climate change seems to many an armageddon in slow motion and its dangers can feel impersonal and its causes diffuse. It’s easy to think “I didn’t cause this” or that “it doesn’t directly affect me.” But there’s another way to look at it. Like COVID-19, if you’re concerned about climate change, you can take actions right now to improve your health and the health of your friends and loved ones. We can learn from this pandemic that people are motivated by the personal and the actionable. At Harvard Chan C-CHANGE, our research shows that the actions we need to combat climate change are the same actions we need to make people healthier right now, especially for diseases causing huge burdens on our health like obesity, heart disease, and cancer. We need to do much more to talk about the “burden of disease” that’s preventable, and the things we can do now to prevent it. Is climate change too expensive to fix? We spend just over $3 trillion every year in the United States on health care. And by some estimates, more than half the deaths in the United States are preventable, largely because of pollution, diet, exercise, and lifestyle habits like smoking. So think about the money we could save simply by reducing air pollution, eating less meat, and building exercise into our day by walking or biking more often. We could use the savings to invest in preventing climate change, among other things like education, and paying fair wages. When you look at this question purely from a financial standpoint, air pollution is a drag on economic growth and solutions to address have been enormously cost-effective in the United States. In 2011, a study by the Environmental Protection Agency that looked at the costs and benefits of the Clean Air act found that every $1 invested to reduce air pollution returns up to $30 in benefits. The only thing our health and our economy can’t afford is climate inaction.

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THIS POST IS A CRITICAL REVIEW OF AN ARTICLE IN THE DAILY EXPRESS ON WAYS IN WHICH GREAT BRITAIN CAN LEAD THE WORLD IN A GREEN REVOLUTION AND SAVE THE PLANET FROM CLIMATE CHANGE. LINK: https://www.express.co.uk/news/nature/1394714/green-britain-campaign-five-key-aims-climate-change-wildlife-electric-cars

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PART-1: WHAT THE EXPRESS ARTICLE SAYS

Five ways Britain can lead the world in a green revolution: BRITAIN is leading the green industrial revolution that will rein in climate change and create hundreds of thousands of jobs. The Government has ambitious plans to invest billions more into the renewable sector, putting the country on the path to being the green envy of the world. But here are five ways the country could go even further in tackling the climate crisis.

(1) Increase support for renewable energy, solar panels and electric cars. The Government has set out plans to Build Back Greener by making the UK the world leader in clean wind energy – creating jobs, slashing carbon emissions and boosting exports. Consumers could be encouraged to switch to greener alternatives by receiving more benefits and cost-cutting incentives.

(2) Expand the blue belt of marine protected areas and enforce the rules. The Government needs to commit to increasing the number of marine areas currently protected and enforce no-fishing rules. Nature: The UK must invest in the protection and enhancement of the natural environment.

(3) Enforce better clean air standards that meet World Health Organisation guidelines. Britain’s leaders can work to reduce air pollution from traffic and buildings, and take action when air pollution exceeds World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines. Campaigners have called on Prime Minister Boris Johnson to commit to the clean air targets by 2030, following the death of Ella Kissi-Debrah, nine, from air pollution.

(4) Speed up the roll out of charge points for electric vehicles. The UK will need 400,000 public chargers by 2030, up from 35,000 currently. There is a risk of “charging blackspots” in small towns and rural areas unless the rollout speeds up.

(5) Give the Environment Agency and Natural England a funding boost to monitor and protect wildlife. The UK must invest in the protection and enhancement of the natural environment, which is crucial for national prosperity and wellbeing. A boost in funding could also lead to increased green social prescribing services to help improve mental health outcomes and reduce health inequalities.

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PART-2: CRITICAL COMMENTARY

(1) THE ANTHROPOGENIC GLOBAL WARMING (AGW) ISSUE HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH BEING GREEN OR GREEN REVOLUTIONS OR TAKING CARE OF NATURE OR BEING NICE TO BAMBI.

(2) THE ISSUE IS THAT HUMANS HAVE BEEN EXTRACTING FOSSIL FUELS FROM UNDER THE GROUND WHERE THEY HAD BEEN SEQUESTERED FROM THE ATMOSPHERE AND THE CARBON CYCLE FOR MILLIONS OF YEARS, AND BURNING THOSE FOSSIL FUELS SUCH THAT THE COMBUSTION CO2 IS RELEASED INTO THE ATMOSPHERE. THE VERY OLD FOSSIL CARBON IN THE CO2 RELEASED IS NOT PART OF THE CURRENT ACCOUNT OF THE CARBON CYCLE. THE RESULT IS THAT THE CO2 OF FOSSIL FUEL COMBUSTION CAUSES ATMOSPHERIC CO2 TO RISE.

(3) THIS ARTIFICIAL RISE IN ATMOSPHERIC CO2 RAISES GLOBAL MEAN SURFACE TEMPERATURE (GMST) BY WAY OF THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT; AND AS WE BURN FOSSIL FUELS YEAR AFTER YEAR, THE HIGHER AND HIGHER ATMOSPHERIC CO2 CAUSES HIGHER AND HIGHER GMST. THE SEQUENCE OF HIGHER AND HIGHER GMST IS UNDERSTOOD AS GLOBAL WARMING; AND BECAUSE IT IS CAUSED BY HUMANS BURNING FOSSIL FUELS IT IS AN ARTIFICIAL WARMING TREND IMPOSED BY HUMAN ACTIVITY DESCRIBED AS ANTHROPOGENIC GLOBAL WARMING OR AGW.

(4) CLIMATE SCIENTISTS HAVE DETERMINED THAT THIS ARTIFICIAL WARMING CANNOT BE ALLOWED TO CONTINUE BECAUSE SUCH AN ARTIFICIAL PERTURBATION OF THE CLIMATE SYSTEM CAN HAVE DANGEROUS CONSEQUENCES ESPECIALLY IF THE CLIMATE SYSTEM GOES OUT OF CONTROL WITH ACTIVATION OF NATURAL FEEDBACKS. CLIMATE SCIENTISTS SAY THAT IT IS THEREFORE IMPERATIVE THAT WE STOP BURNING FOSSIL FUELS SO THAT ATMOSPHERIC CO2 WILL STOP RISING. THIS REQUIRED ACTION IS CALLED CLIMATE ACTION AND BECAUSE GLOBAL WARMING IS A GLOBAL ISSUE CLIMATE ACTION MUST ALSO BE GLOBAL.

(5) THE GLOBAL NATURE OF THE CLIMATE CHANGE PROBLEM AND THE REQUIRED GLOBAL RESPONSE OF CLIMATE ACTION MAKES IT IMPOSSIBLE TO UNDERSTAND CLIMATE ACTION AS A NATIONAL ISSUE. A GLOBAL PROBLEM REQUIRES A GLOBAL RESPONSE. THIS IS WHY THE UNITED NATIONS WAS BROUGHT IN TO PUT TOGETHER A GLOBAL CLIMATE ACTION PROGRAM. THEY FAILED TO DO THAT AND ARE NOW ASKING NATION STATES TO HAVE “CLIMATE AMBITION”. SADLY, NO AMOUNT OF AMBITION FROM ANY NATION STATE WILL CREATE THE DECLINE IN GLOBAL FOSSIL FUEL EMISSIONS NEEDED. GLOBAL WARMING IS A GLOBAL ISSUE THAT CAN ONLY BE ADDRESSED WITH A GLOBAL RESPONSE. THERE IS NO OPPORTUNITY HERE FOR AMBITION OR HEROISM BY INDIVIDUAL NATION STATES.

(6) THINGS LIKE “LEADING THE GREEN INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION” IS POINTLESS HEROISM. AGW IS A GLOBAL PROBLEM THAT CAN BE ADDRESSED ONLY WITH GLOBAL CLIMATE ACTION WITH A COORDINATED GLOBAL PROGRAM TO REDUCE GLOBAL FOSSIL FUEL EMISSIONS. FULL STOP. THRERE IS NO ROLE HERE FOR GREEN HEROISM OF NATION STATES.

(7) IT IS POSSIBE THAT THE ASSUMED GLOBAL REACH OF THE UK IN THE CLIMATE CHANGE ISSUE IS A HOLDOVER FROM ITS COLONIALISM PAST WHEN THE UK COULD MAKE GLOBAL STRATEGY AND IMPLEMENT THOSE GLOBAL STRATEGIES GLOBALLY. SADLY FOR THE UK, THOSE DAYS ARE LONG GONE.

British colonial history | State Library Victoria

MORE ON THIS ISSUE IN RELATED POSTS ON THIS SITE:

LINK#1: https://tambonthongchai.com/2020/05/22/climate-catch22/

LINK#2: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/02/23/renewable-energy-statistics/

LINK#3: https://tambonthongchai.com/2020/02/25/net-zero/

LINK#4: https://tambonthongchai.com/2021/01/08/the-industrial-revolution/

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WHAT WE SHOULD TELL THE UN IN GLASGOW IS THAT THEY ARE FIRED. IF ALL WE NEED IS AMBITION, WE DON’T NEED A GLOBAL CONTRACT. THEREFORE WE DON’T NEED THE UN.

Eddie Peters, profile picture

The Eddie Peters Facebook statement describes the horrors of a petroleum free world on Facebook where he presents a list of non emission products of fossil fuels and our need for these products as a case against Greta’s call to climate action to attenuate Anthropogenic Global Warming.

  1. Carpets and toothbrushes are made from Nylon which is made from butadiene and hydrogen cyanide both of which are made from petroleum.
  2. Sink valves in home water systems need elastomer seats made from petroleum.
  3. Home water systems are made from copper pipes and copper is mined and mining machinery needs gear lubrication and tires made from petroleum.
  4. Ore has to be smelted to make metal and that process needs fossil fuel combustion because it can’t be done with electricity.
  5. Even if you could do it all with electricity, those electric wires will need insulation and the insulating material has to be made with petroleum.
  6. Although Sweden’s energy comes mostly from hydro and nuclear, to make those things work we need petroleum products like lubricants, nylon, rubber, asphalt, wax, plastic, and elastic to hold up your underwear while operating a copper smelting furnace.
  7. We can’t make fried eggs for breakfast without a frying pan and we need petroleum products to make frying pans. You can’t fry eggs in a petroleum free world.
  8. Aunt Tilda died of bacterial pneumonia because there was no penicillin to save her. To make penicillin you need isbutyl acetate and that is also a petroleum product.
  9. The unavailability of penicillin is causing a lot of deaths and a lot of dead bodies and we can’t bury them because backhoes need hydraulic oil and crematoriums are also running our of organic fuel to burn bodies.
  10. Boats are made with carbon fiber which also come from petroleum.

RESPONSE TO EDDIE PETERS

The anthropogenic global warming (AGW) and climate change case against fossil fuels is not that we use products made from fossil fuels but that we also burn fossil fuels and that burning fossil fuels puts carbon dioxide up into the air half of which stays in the atmosphere and causes atmospheric CO2 to rise. The root of the problem is that, because we burn fossil fuels, year to year atmospheric CO2 keeps rising and it is proposed that this rise can be stopped if we stop burning fossil fuels. Using fossil fuels for other purposes that do not involve burning fossil fuels and raising atmospheric CO2 has no relevance to the the AGW issue.

The AGW climate action issue is not that we must not use petroleum but that we must not burn it.

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POSTSCRIPT: The Martha Kirtley correction is that the Eddie Peters science of climate science is consistent with the Joe Biden science of climate science.

The expanding earth hypothesis has become folklore in the context that in the net, there is transfer of mass from the core and mantle to the surface by way of various geological processes over eons and also by way of metors and other extraterrestrial objects crashing into the earth. NASA has determined that yes, in theory there really is some support for the expanding earth hypothesis but that the rate of expansion is negligible and unmeasurable such that it shall remain an undying conversation piece but it is of no consequence. Data taken by NASA over a period of 20 years shows that there is in fact an expansion but it also shows that the rate of expansion is negligible and not measurable.

The full text of the NASA article is available online at this link: https://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/earth20110816.html

The relevant text in this report that relates to the expanding earth hypothesis is reproduced below Alan’s picture. He was the lead researcher in this NASA effort.

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ALAN D BUIS: NASA

THE FULL TEXT OF THE NASA REPORT

Since Charles Darwin’s time, scientists have speculated that the solid Earth might be expanding or contracting. That was the prevailing belief, until scientists developed the theory of plate tectonics, which explained the large-scale motions of Earth’s lithosphere, or outermost shell. Even with the acceptance of plate tectonics half a century ago, some Earth and space scientists have continued to speculate on Earth’s possible expansion or contraction on various scientific grounds. Using a cadre of space measurement tools and a new data calculation technique, NASA detected no statistically significant expansion of the solid Earth. Tectonic forces push mountains higher, while erosion and landslides wear them down. In addition, large-scale climate events redistribute vast water masses among Earth’s ocean, atmosphere and land. To put movements of Earth’s crust into proper context, earth scientists need a frame of reference to evaluate them against. Any significant change in Earth’s radius will alter our understanding of our planet’s physical processes and is fundamental to the branch of science called geodesy, which seeks to measure Earth’s shape and gravity field, and how they change over time. To make these measurements, the science community established the ITRF {International Terrestrial Reference Frame}. This reference frame is used for ground navigation and for tracking spacecraft in Earth orbit. It is also used to monitor many aspects of global climate change, including sea level rise and its sources; imbalances in ice mass at Earth’s poles; and the continuing rebound of Earth’s surface following the retreat of the massive ice sheets that blanketed much of Earth during the last glaciation. High-precision space geodesy gives scientists tools they can use to estimate changes in Earth’s radius. These include Satellite laser ranging with millimeter-level precision, Very-long baseline interferometry — a radio astronomy technology that combines observations of an object made simultaneously by many telescopes to simulate a telescope as big as the maximum distance between the telescopes. Global Positioning System, Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite, Scientists use all these techniques to calculate the ITRF. NASA independently evaluated the accuracy of the ITRF and shed new light on the Earth expansion hypothesis and came up with an independent confirmation that the solid Earth is not getting larger.

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CRITICAL COMMENTARY

The NASA measurement precision was 1mm and the data show that in twenty years the expansion if any was less than 1mm. Hypothetically, if it was 0.5mm, NASA could not have detected that change. Hypothetically, a 0.5mm change every 20 years translates to 25 meters in the geological time scale of a million years.