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ANTHROPOGENIC GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE

AGW 101

The first seven paragraphs are derived from a blog post by Dr Roy Spencer, Climate Scientist, University of Alabama, Huntsville  [LINK TO SOURCE DOCUMENT]

  1. The temperature change in the climate system is the result of an imbalance between the rate of energy gain and the rate of energy loss. The current warming since the Little Ice Age is thought to be due to the small (~1%) imbalance between absorbed sunlight and infrared energy lost to outer space averaged over the whole of Earth’s surface. 
  2. AGW theory attributes this imbalance to increasing atmospheric CO2 from fossil fuel burning. This attribution is arbitrary because it has not been shown that the climate system, without fossil fuel emissions, is in a natural state of energy balance.
  3. The energy imbalance is too small to be directly measured. We cannot measure the amounts of absorbed sunlight and emitted infrared energy across the Earth’s surface with sufficient precision to determine that the current warming is unnatural and therefore artificial. Therefore the objective and rational conclusion is that we do not know whether the post LIA warming is natural or artificial
  4. Current best estimates of this energy balance is 239 to 240 Watts/m2 for these energy flows coming in and going out. In early climate models these global-average energy flows in and out of the climate system did not balance requiring the model programmer to adjust the uncertain processes such as cloud effects until a balance was achieved. 
  5. In later models, the infrared radiative effect of increasing CO2 was added; and that did create an energy imbalance in the model and therefore global warming. This refinement of the model that could explain the observed warming was then taken as evidence of artificial cause now stated as anthropogenic global warming or AGW. 
  6. This attribution is form of circular reasoning and the so called Texas Sharpshooter Fallacy because a theory derived from the data cannot be tested with the same data. The attempt to overcome this weakness in AGW theory with the “fingerprint” argument has no scientific basis. It is not possible for the the current warming to have a fingerprint of human cause because warming looks exactly the same regardless of cause. If a natural decrease in marine cloudiness, or a decrease in ocean overturning were driving the observed warming, it would still be larger over land than ocean, greater in the upper ocean than deep ocean, and greatest at high northern latitudes and least at high southern latitudes. These properties of warming are not a fingerprint of human cause.
  7. The causation sequence from emissions to rising atmospheric CO2 and from rising atmospheric CO2 to energy imbalance, and from energy imbalance to warming are plausible but their plausibility establishes only possibility and not proof.
  8. Proof, if any, in this circular reasoning logic, requires, as a minimum, that certain relationships must be shown to exist in the data. For example, it must be shown in the observational data outside of climate models that (a) atmospheric CO2 concentration is responsive to emissions and (b) that global mean surface temperature is responsive to atmospheric CO2 in consistent relationships that are statistically significant.
  9. The relationship between emissions and atmospheric CO2 is tested in a related post at this site [LINK] . No evidence is found that atmospheric CO2 is responsive to the rate of emissions. An investigation of the mass balance for this relationship is presented in another related post at this site [LINK] .
  10. The proposed relationship between atmospheric CO2 and surface temperature is tested in related posts at this site. These tests show instability and uncertainty in the data [LINK] [LINK] . An uncertainty problem in this theoretical relationship in observational data is acknowledged by climate science [New, Mark, and Mike Hulme. “Representing uncertainty in climate change scenarios: a Monte-Carlo approach.” Integrated assessment 1.3 (2000): 203-213], [Stainforth, David A., et al. “Uncertainty in predictions of the climate response to rising levels of greenhouse gases.” Nature 433.7024 (2005): 403], [Anderson, Barry, et al. “Uncertainty in climate change modeling: can global sensitivity analysis be of help?.” Risk analysis 34.2 (2014): 271-293]. These uncertainties imply a failure of the equilibrium climate sensitivity model of the energy imbalance.
  11. Evidence for the failure of the climate sensitivity model is also seen in the post hoc and arbitrary attempt to explain climate sensitivity mis-match in the data in terms of ocean heat content [LINK] and the need to move from climate sensitivity to the Transient Climate Response to Cumulative Emissions (TCRE)  [2017: Knutti, Reto, Maria AA Rugenstein, and Gabriele C. Hegerl. “Beyond equilibrium climate sensitivity.” Nature Geoscience10.10 (2017): 727] .
  12. Yet the move to the TCRE and the use of the TCRE to construct cumulative emissions carbon budgets for climate action reveals even greater weaknesses in climate science as it has been shown in a related posts at this site that the TCRE is illusory because it is based on a spurious correlation [LINK] [LINK] [LINK] .

 

 

 

Professor Jeff Severinghaus (photo above) of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego has proposed a novel proxy for reconstruction of global mean ocean temperature from ratios of noble gases to Nitrogen in ice core air bubbles. This method has the potential of reconstructing ocean temperatures from the last glaciation through the Holocene for greater clarification of the theory of AGW that relies on changes in ocean heat content to explain heat balance anomalies. The Severinghaus methodology is explained most clearly in Melissa Anne Headly’s Doctoral Dissertation (Headley 2008) and her description is reproduced below and indicated graphically above. The full text of the dissertation (248 pages) is available for download in PDF format [LINK] .

Abstract from Headley 2008: Krypton and xenon are highly soluble noble gases. Because they are inert, they do not react biologically or chemically, and therefore can trace purely physical processes. By taking advantage of both the inert nature of these gases and their high solubility, krypton and xenon can be used to reconstruct past ocean temperature variations and summer snow melt frequency. Ocean temperature is a fundamental parameter of the climate system. It plays a vital role in the transport and storage of heat, and may play a role in regulating atmospheric CO₂ , but its past variations are poorly constrained. This is due to the ambiguous nature of the benthic [delta]¹⁸O record in ocean sediments, which reflects both deep water temperature and the [delta]¹⁸O of the water itself (which depends on the extent of ice sheets on land). Recent studies have better constrained localized ocean temperature, but there is still need for global mean ocean temperature reconstructions. Krypton (Kr) and xenon (Xe) are highly soluble and more soluble in colder water. The total amount of Kr and Xe in the atmosphere and ocean together are essentially constant through time, so variations in mean ocean temperature would therefore modulate atmospheric Kr and Xe abundances. Kr and Xe, measured as ratios to nitrogen (N₂), are measured in air bubbles in ice cores to reconstruct atmospheric Kr/N₂ and Xe/N₂ histories, which can then be interpreted in terms of past mean ocean temperature. These Kr/N₂ and Xe/N₂ data and their derived mean ocean temperature (noble gas temperature index, NGTI) reconstructions are presented in Chapters 2 and 3. In Chapter 2, the initial Kr/N₂ data from the LGM indicate that mean ocean temperatures were 2̃.7°C colder at that time, which is consistent with other estimates of local deep ocean temperatures. In Chapter 3, [delta]Kr/N₂ and [delta]Xe/N₂ time series during the last glacial termination and inception are presented. The reconstructed mean ocean temperatures (NGTI’s) are consistent with our earlier measurement and those of other studies. Additionally, these mean ocean temperature reconstructions appear to vary in step with atmospheric CO₂. Because Kr and Xe are highly soluble, they can also be used as an indicator of ice that has melted and refrozen. Visual identification of melt layers is been used as a proxy for exceptionally warm summers temperatures, but this type of melt layer identification becomes difficult as air bubbles form air clathrates at deeper depths. The use of Kr and Xe, measured as ratios to argon (Ar), is examined in Chapter 4. Seasononality may play a role in climate change, so a proxy of summer temperatures may prove to be a powerful constraint on climate change mechanisms that invoke seasonality.

A Bibliography of the use of the Severinghaus methodology in paleo-climatology for the reconstruction of ocean temperatures over time spans that are relevant in the study of AGW is presented below.

Six highlights from these works, listed in numbered paragraphs from #1 to #6, show that the methodology is useful in climate science for reconstruction of climate history at millennial and longer time scales. 

  1. Headley & Severinghaus 2007: The mean δKr/N2 in air bubbles in the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) was −1.34±0.37% and in the late Holocene it is found to be essentially zero with two different measurements showing +0.07±0.30% and −0.14±0.93%. In the chart above, this difference in Krypton implies a difference of 2.7±0.6°C in mean ocean temperature. This means that the overall warming of ≈10C from the LGM to the late Holocene was mostly on land with the much greater mass of ocean showing a much lower warming of ≈2.7C.
  2. Bauska 2016: The Kr proxy data reveal two intervals of rapid CO2 rise that are plausibly driven by sources from land carbon (at 16.3 and 12.9 ka) and two others that appear fundamentally different and likely reflect a combination of sources (at 14.6 and 11.5 ka).
  3. Kobashi 2010: 1,000 years of central Greenland surface temperature from isotopes of N2 and Ar in air bubbles in an ice core show that northern hemisphere temperature and Greenland temperature changed synchronously and cyclically at two different time scales: 20 years and 40-100 years. This multi-decadal temperature fluctuation persisted throughout the last millennium, and is likely to continue into the future.
  4. Ritz 2011: explores the uncertainties of the Severinghaus novel paleoclimatic proxy by implementing krypton, xenon, argon, and N2 into a reduced-complexity climate model. He finds as follows: The uncertainty of the krypton calibration curve due to uncertainties of the ocean saturation concentrations is ±0.3 °C. An additional ±0.3 °C uncertainty must be added for the last deglaciation and up to ±0.4 °C for earlier transitions due to age-scale uncertainties in the sea-level reconstructions.
  5. Cuffey 2016: Used this novel ocean temperature proxy to study the magnitude and timing of Antarctic temperature change through the last deglaciation and found that: deglacial warming was 11.3±1.8C, ≈two to three times the global average, in agreement with theoretical expectations for Antarctic amplification of planetary temperature changes. Consistent with evidence from glacier retreat in Southern Hemisphere mountain ranges, the Antarctic warming was mostly completed by 15 kyBP, several millennia earlier than in the Northern Hemisphere. These results constrain the role of variable oceanic heat transport between hemispheres during deglaciation and quantitatively bound the direct influence of global climate forcings on Antarctic temperature.
  6. Bereiter 2018: finds that the mean global ocean temperature increased by 2.57 ± 0.24C over the last glacial transition and that the novel reconstruction provides unprecedented precision and temporal resolution for the integrated global ocean. The novel methodology also reveals an enigmatic 700-year warming during the early Younger Dryas period (about 12,000 years ago) that surpasses estimates of modern ocean heat uptake.

 

 

 

SEVERINGHAUS OCEAN TEMPERATURE BIBLIOGRAPHY

  1. Severinghaus, Jeffrey P., et al. “Timing of abrupt climate change at the end of the Younger Dryas interval from thermally fractionated gases in polar ice.” Nature 391.6663 (1998): 141.  Rapid temperature change fractionates gas isotopes in unconsolidated snow, producing a signal that is preserved in trapped air bubbles as the snow forms ice. The fractionation of nitrogen and argon isotopes at the end of the Younger Dryas cold interval, recorded in Greenland ice, demonstrates that warming at this time was abrupt. This warming coincides with the onset of a prominent rise in atmospheric methane concentration, indicating that the climate change was synchronous (within a few decades) over a region of at least hemispheric extent, and providing constraints on previously proposed mechanisms of climate change at this time. The depth of the nitrogen-isotope signal relative to the depth of the climate change recorded in the ice matrix indicates that, during the Younger Dryas, the summit of Greenland was 15 ± 3 °C colder than today.
  2. Caillon, Nicolas, et al. “Timing of atmospheric CO2 and Antarctic temperature changes across Termination III.” Science 299.5613 (2003): 1728-1731.  The analysis of air bubbles from ice cores has yielded a precise record of atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, but the timing of changes in these gases with respect to temperature is not accurately known because of uncertainty in the gas age–ice age difference. We have measured the isotopic composition of argon in air bubbles in the Vostok core during Termination III (∼240,000 years before the present). This record most likely reflects the temperature and accumulation change, although the mechanism remains unclear. The sequence of events during Termination III suggests that the CO2 increase lagged Antarctic deglacial warming by 800 ± 200 years and preceded the Northern Hemisphere deglaciation.
  3. Grachev, Alexi M., and Jeffrey P. Severinghaus. “A revised+ 10±4 C magnitude of the abrupt change in Greenland temperature at the Younger Dryas termination using published GISP2 gas isotope data and air thermal diffusion constants.” Quaternary Science Reviews 24.5-6 (2005): 513-519.  We revisit the portion of (Nature 391 (1998) 141) devoted to the abrupt temperature increase reconstruction at the Younger Dryas/Preboreal transition. The original estimate of +5 to +10 °C abrupt warming is revised to +10±4 °C. The gas isotope data from the original work were employed, combined with recently measured precise air thermal diffusion constants (Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 67 (2003a) 345; J. Phys. Chem. 23A (2003b) 4636). The new constants allow a robust interpretation of the gas isotope signal in terms of temperature change. This was not possible at the time of the original work, when no air constants were available. Three quasi-independent approaches employed in this work all give the same result of a +10 °C warming in several decades or less. The new result provides a firm target for climate models that attempt to predict future climates.
  4. Headly, Melissa A., and Jeffrey P. Severinghaus. “A method to measure Kr/N2 ratios in air bubbles trapped in ice cores and its application in reconstructing past mean ocean temperature.” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 112.D19 (2007).  We describe a new method for precise measurement of Kr/N2 ratios in air bubbles trapped in ice cores and the first reconstruction of atmospheric Kr/N2 during the last glacial maximum (LGM) ∼20,000 years ago. After gravitational correction, the Kr/N2 record in ice cores should represent the atmospheric ratio, which in turn should reflect past ocean temperature change due to the dependence of gas solubility on temperature. The increase in krypton inventory in the glacial ocean due to higher gas solubility in colder water causes a decrease in the atmospheric inventory of krypton. Assuming Kr and N2 inventories in the ocean‐atmosphere system are conserved, we use a mass balance model to estimate a mean ocean temperature change between the LGM and today. We measured Kr/N2 in air bubbles in Greenland (GISP2) ice from the late Holocene and LGM, using the present atmosphere as a standard. The late Holocene δKr/N2 means from two sets of measurements are not different from zero (+0.07 ± 0.30‰ and −0.14 ± 0.93‰), as expected from the relatively constant climate of the last millennium. The mean δKr/N2 in air bubbles from the LGM is −1.34 ± 0.37‰. Using the mass balance model, we estimate that the mean temperature change between the LGM ocean and today’s ocean was 2.7 ± 0.6°C. Although this error is large compared to the observed change, this finding is consistent with most previous estimates of LGM deep ocean temperature based on foraminiferal δ18O and sediment pore water δ18O and chlorinity.
  5. Headly, Melissa Anne. Krypton and xenon in air trapped in polar ice cores: paleo-atmospheric measurements for estimating past mean ocean temperature and summer snowmelt frequency. Diss. UC San Diego, 2008. Krypton and xenon are highly soluble noble gases. Because they are inert, they do not react biologically or chemically, and therefore can trace purely physical processes. By taking advantage of both the inert nature of these gases and their high xvi solubilities, krypton and xenon can be used to reconstruct past ocean temperature variations and summer snow melt frequency. Ocean temperature is a fundamental parameter of the climate system. It plays a vital role in the transport and storage of heat, and may play a role in regulating atmospheric CO2, but its past variations are poorly constrained. This is due to the ambiguous nature of the benthic δ18O record in ocean sediments, which reflects both deep water temperature and the δ18O of the water itself (which depends on the extent of ice sheets on land). Recent studies have better constrained localized ocean temperature, but there is still need for global mean ocean temperature reconstructions. Krypton (Kr) and xenon (Xe) are highly soluble and more soluble in colder water. The total amount of Kr and Xe in the atmosphere and ocean together are essentially constant through time, so variations in mean ocean temperature would therefore modulate atmospheric Kr and Xe abundances. Kr and Xe, measured as ratios to nitrogen (N2), are measured in air bubbles in ice cores to reconstruct atmospheric Kr/N2 and Xe/N2 histories, which can then be interpreted in terms of past mean ocean temperature. These Kr/N2 and Xe/N2 data and their derived mean ocean temperature (noble gas temperature index, NGTI) reconstructions are presented in Chapters 2 and 3. In Chapter 2, the initial Kr/N2 data from the LGM indicate that mean ocean temperatures were ~2.7ºC colder at that time, which is consistent with other estimates of local deep ocean temperatures. In Chapter 3, δKr/N2 and δXe/N2 time series during the last glacial termination and inception are presented. The reconstructed mean ocean temperatures (NGTI’s) are consistent with our earlier xvii measurement and those of other studies. Additionally, these mean ocean temperature reconstructions appear to vary in step with atmospheric CO2. Because Kr and Xe are highly soluble, they can also be used as an indicator of ice that has melted and refrozen. Visual identification of melt layers is been used as a proxy for exceptionally warm summers temperatures, but this type of melt layer identification becomes difficult as air bubbles form air clathrates at deeper depths. The use of Kr and Xe, measured as ratios to argon (Ar), is examined in Chapter 4. Seasononality may play a role in climate change, so a proxy of summer temperatures may prove to be a powerful constraint on climate change mechanisms that invoke seasonality.
  6. Kobashi, Takuro, et al. “Persistent multi-decadal Greenland temperature fluctuation through the last millennium.” Climatic Change 100.3-4 (2010): 733-756.  Future Greenland temperature evolution will affect melting of the ice sheet and associated global sea-level change. Therefore, understanding Greenland temperature variability and its relation to global trends is critical. Here, we reconstruct the last 1,000 years of central Greenland surface temperature from isotopes of N2 and Ar in air bubbles in an ice core. This technique provides constraints on decadal to centennial temperature fluctuations. We found that northern hemisphere temperature and Greenland temperature changed synchronously at periods of ~20 years and 40–100 years. This quasi-periodic multi-decadal temperature fluctuation persisted throughout the last millennium, and is likely to continue into the future.
  7. Ritz, Stefan P., Thomas F. Stocker, and Jeffrey P. Severinghaus. “Noble gases as proxies of mean ocean temperature: sensitivity studies using a climate model of reduced complexity.” Quaternary Science Reviews 30.25-26 (2011): 3728-3741. Past global mean ocean temperature may be reconstructed from measurements of atmospheric noble gas concentrations in ice core bubbles. Assuming conservation of noble gases in the atmosphere-ocean system, the total concentration within the ocean mostly depends on solubility which itself is temperature dependent. Therefore, the colder the ocean, the more gas can be dissolved and the less remains in the atmosphere. Here, the characteristics of this novel paleoclimatic proxy are explored by implementing krypton, xenon, argon, and N2 into a reduced-complexity climate model. The relationship between noble gas concentrations and global mean ocean temperature is investigated and their sensitivities to changes in ocean volume, ocean salinity, sea-level pressure and geothermal heat flux are quantified. We conclude that atmospheric noble gas concentrations are suitable proxies of global mean ocean temperature. Changes in ocean volume need to be considered when reconstructing ocean temperatures from noble gases. Calibration curves are provided to translate ice-core measurements of krypton, xenon, and argon into a global mean ocean temperature change. Simulated noble gas-to-nitrogen ratios for the last glacial maximum re δKratm = −1.10‰, δXeatm = −3.25‰, and δAratm = −0.29‰. The uncertainty of the krypton calibration curve due to uncertainties of the ocean saturation concentrations is estimated to be ±0.3 °C. An additional ±0.3 °C uncertainty must be added for the last deglaciation and up to ±0.4 °C for earlier transitions due to age-scale uncertainties in the sea-level reconstructions. Finally, the fingerprint of idealized Dansgaard-Oeschger events in the atmospheric krypton-to-nitrogen ratio is presented. A δKratm change of up to 0.34‰ is simulated for a 2 kyr Dansgaard-Oeschger event, and a change of up to 0.48‰ is simulated for a 4 kyr event. ► With a climate model, noble gases as proxies of mean ocean temperature are tested. ► Past atmospheric noble gas concentrations can be measured in ice cores. ► It is found that noble gases are suitable proxies of global mean ocean temperature. ► The sea-level history must be taken into account in the temperature reconstruction. ► Sea ice has the potential to decouple the noble gas from the temperature signal.
  8. Buizert, Christo, et al. “Greenland temperature response to climate forcing during the last deglaciation.” Science 345.6201 (2014): 1177-1180.  Greenland surface air temperatures changed dramatically during the last deglaciation. The exact amount is unknown, which makes it difficult to understand what caused those changes. Buizert et al. report temperature reconstructions for the period from 19,000 to 10,000 years before the present from three different locations in Greenland and interpret them with a climate model (see the Perspective by Sime). They provide the broad geographic pattern of temperature variability and infer the mechanisms of the changes and their seasonality, which differ in important ways from the traditional view.
  9. Cuffey, Kurt M., et al. “Deglacial temperature history of West Antarctica.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113.50 (2016): 14249-14254. The magnitude and timing of Antarctic temperature change through the last deglaciation reveal key aspects of Earth’s climate system. Prior attempts to reconstruct this history relied on isotopic indicators without absolute calibration. To overcome this limitation, we combined isotopic data with measurements of in situ temperatures along a 3.4-km-deep borehole. Deglacial warming in Antarctica was two to three times larger than the contemporaneous global temperature change, quantifying the extent to which feedback processes amplify global changes in polar regions, a key prediction of climate models. Warming progressed earlier in Antarctica than in the Northern Hemisphere but coincident with glacier recession in southern mountain ranges, a manifestation of changing oceanic heat transport, insolation, and atmospheric CO2 that can further test models.  Abstract: The most recent glacial to interglacial transition constitutes a remarkable natural experiment for learning how Earth’s climate responds to various forcings, including a rise in atmospheric CO2. This transition has left a direct thermal remnant in the polar ice sheets, where the exceptional purity and continual accumulation of ice permit analyses not possible in other settings. For Antarctica, the deglacial warming has previously been constrained only by the water isotopic composition in ice cores, without an absolute thermometric assessment of the isotopes’ sensitivity to temperature. To overcome this limitation, we measured temperatures in a deep borehole and analyzed them together with ice-core data to reconstruct the surface temperature history of West Antarctica. The deglacial warming was 11.3±1.8C, approximately two to three times the global average, in agreement with theoretical expectations for Antarctic amplification of planetary temperature changes. Consistent with evidence from glacier retreat in Southern Hemisphere mountain ranges, the Antarctic warming was mostly completed by 15 kyBP, several millennia earlier than in the Northern Hemisphere. These results constrain the role of variable oceanic heat transport between hemispheres during deglaciation and quantitatively bound the direct influence of global climate forcings on Antarctic temperature. Although climate models perform well on average in this context, some recent syntheses of deglacial climate history have underestimated Antarctic warming and the models with lowest sensitivity can be discounted.
  10. Bauska, Thomas K., et al. “Carbon isotopes characterize rapid changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide during the last deglaciation.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113.13 (2016): 3465-3470.  Antarctic ice cores provide a precise, well-dated history of increasing atmospheric CO2 during the last glacial to interglacial transition. However, the mechanisms that drive the increase remain unclear. Here we reconstruct a key indicator of the sources of atmospheric CO2 by measuring the stable isotopic composition of CO2 in samples spanning the period from 22,000 to 11,000 years ago from Taylor Glacier, Antarctica. Improvements in precision and resolution allow us to fingerprint CO2 sources on the centennial scale. The data reveal two intervals of rapid CO2 rise that are plausibly driven by sources from land carbon (at 16.3 and 12.9 ka) and two others that appear fundamentally different and likely reflect a combination of sources (at 14.6 and 11.5 ka).
  11. Bereiter, Bernhard, et al. “Mean global ocean temperatures during the last glacial transition.” Nature 553.7686 (2018): 39.  Little is known about the ocean temperature’s long-term response to climate perturbations owing to limited observations and a lack of robust reconstructions. Although most of the anthropogenic heat added to the climate system has been taken up by the ocean up until now, its role in a century and beyond is uncertain. Here, using noble gases trapped in ice cores, we show that the mean global ocean temperature increased by 2.57 ± 0.24 degrees Celsius over the last glacial transition (20,000 to 10,000 years ago). Our reconstruction provides unprecedented precision and temporal resolution for the integrated global ocean, in contrast to the depth-, region-, organism- and season-specific estimates provided by other methods. We find that the mean global ocean temperature is closely correlated with Antarctic temperature and has no lead or lag with atmospheric CO2, thereby confirming the important role of Southern Hemisphere climate in global climate trends. We also reveal an enigmatic 700-year warming during the early Younger Dryas period (about 12,000 years ago) that surpasses estimates of modern ocean heat uptake.

bangkok3

 

 

BANGKOK & SAMUT PRAKAN INUNDATED BY CLIMATE CHANGE SEA LEVEL RISE

OMG OMG! AND THERE IS NO PLANET-B!  OMG!

 

  1. 2004, RAPID ARCTIC WARMING BRINGS SEA LEVEL RISE
    The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) report says: increasing greenhouse gases from human activities is causing the Arctic to warm twice as fast as the rest of the planet; in Alaska, western Canada, and eastern Russia winter temperatures have risen by 2C to 4C in the last 50 years; the Arctic will warm by 4C to 7C by 2100. A portion of Greenland’s ice sheet will melt; global sea levels will rise; global warming will intensify. Greenland contains enough melting ice to raise sea levels by 7 meters; Bangkok, Manila, Dhaka, Florida, Louisiana, and New Jersey are at risk of inundation; thawing permafrost and rising seas threaten Arctic coastal regions; climate change will accelerate and bring about profound ecological and social changes; the Arctic is experiencing the most rapid and severe climate change on earth and it’s going to get a lot worse; Arctic summer sea ice will decline by 50% to 100%polar bears will be driven towards extinction; this report is an urgent SOS for the Arctic; forest fires and insect infestations will increase in frequency and intensity; changing vegetation and rising sea levels will shrink the tundra to its lowest level in 21000 years; vanishing breeding areas for birds and grazing areas for animals will cause extinctions of many species; “if we limit emission of heat trapping carbon dioxide we can still help protect the Arctic and slow global warming”.
  2. 2007: A PLAN TO SAVE BANGKOK FROM GLOBAL WARMING’S SEA LEVEL RISE
    It has been more than a year now that scientists and climate experts sought a budget of 100 billion baht to build a sea wall 80 kilometers long from the mouth of the Ta Chin river to the Bang Pakong river to protect the city of Bangkok from being inundated by the sea that was projected to rise by 20 cm per year due to man-made global warming. RELATED POST: [LINK]
  3. 2008: THAILAND HOT SEASON WILL BE SOONER & HOTTER 
    Climate science predicted that in 2008 man-made climate change would cause the hot season in Thailand to arrive earlier than usual and to be so much hotter that parts of the country would experience heavy rains and floods while other parts will be hit by a severe drought (A hot summer expected to arrive early this year, Bangkok Post, February 3, 2008). None of this occurred. Tt was a normal year weather-wise. RELATED POST: [LINK]
  4. 2008: BANGKOK IS BEING INUNDATED BY SEA LEVEL RISE 
    The city of Bangkok is sinking due to subsidence. This is a real problem and its real causes must be addressed for a solution. It is cruel opportunism for climate scientists to use this tragedy to sell their man-made global warming agenda. RELATED POST [LINK] .
  5. 2009: SOUTHEAST ASIA HIT WITH SEA LEVEL RISE 
    It is reported that “Southeast Asia is facing problems from rising sea levels that bring more frequent flooding in coastal zones and river basins” (Thai firms not ready for climate change, Bangkok Post, January 22, 2009). It is noteworthy that none of these flooding events has been reported in the media. RELATED POST [LINK]
  6. 2009: OUR USE OF FOSSIL FUELS IS CAUSING GREENLAND GLACIERS TO MELT
    Man-made global warming is causing Greenland’s glaciers to melt at an alarming rate. By the year 2100 all the ice there will have melted causing a calamitous rise in the sea level that will inundate Bangladesh, the Maldives, Bangkok, New Orleans, and atolls in the Pacific. RELATED POST [LINK]
  7. 2009: SEA LEVEL RISE DUE TO GLOBAL WARMING IS FLOODING BANGKOK
    Bangkok is sinking at about 2 or 3 cm per year and this phenomenon is blamed for the increasing severity of floods that occur when a rain swollen Chao Phraya River coincides with unusually high tides. These flooding incidents cannot be related to global warming or sea level rise. RELATED POST: [LINK]
  8. 2009: SEA LEVEL RISE IS INUNDATING SAMUT PRAKAN, THAILAND
    Encroachment by sea water in the Bangkok Groundwater Area, that includes Samut Prakan, is a well known effect of land subsidence caused by ground water extraction unrelated to carbon dioxide emissions, global warming, or climate change. RELATED POST: [LINK]
  9. 2009: THE MEKONG IS TOAST
    The Mekong River is drying up because there is not enough snow in the Himalayas. This tragic situation was created with fossil fuel emissions that cause global warming and climate change. It can be solved by cutting fossil fuel emissions and restoring the Himalayas to their former pristine and unchanging condition. RELATED POST [LINK]
  10. 2008: CLIMATE CHANGE TO CAUSE NARGIS-LIKE STORM SURGE IN THAILAND 
    In May 2008 Cyclone Nargis, with unremarkable maximum wind speeds of 100 mph, struck Myanmar and caused a freak storm surge that went up the Irrawaddy River and killed 140,000 people. Climate science was quick to claim Nargis as an impact climate change and reason to fear fossil fuels. This assessment created widespread panic in the region with Myanmar, Thailand, Bangladesh, and India all forecasting and fearing Nargis-like storm surges. In Thailand, the meteorology department had Samut Prakarn area residents in fear for years with repeated forecasts of destruction by Nargis-like storm surges. They never came and those scary forecasts have stopped coming. RELATED POST: [LINK]
  11. 2008: THAILAND GRIPPED BY FEAR OF NARGIS STYLE STORM SURGE 
    There has been much speculation in the Thai media recently as to the surge effects on the low-lying coastal mudflats of Samut Prakarn should a storm like Cyclone Nargis form in the Gulf of Thailand due to climate change and rising seas caused by fossil fuel emissions. RELATED POST [LINK]
  12. 2008: THAILAND PARALYZED BY FEAR OF CLIMATE CHANGE STORM SURGE 
    Climate scientists say that fossil fueled global warming causes extreme weather and then waits for weather events such as Cyclone Nargis that can be called extreme, claims that it was caused by global warming, and the forecasts more of the same in that area. In the very sad case of Thailand, the deadly storm surge of Cyclone Nargis was forecast to become normal for this region and a specific forecast was made that a cyclone would form in the Gulf of Thailand and that it would cause a storm surge that would devastate the province of Samut Prakarn. No such cyclone occurred but the economic and emotional distress caused by these forecasts were probably equally damaging. RELATED POST [LINK]
  13. 2009: SEA LEVEL RISE IS INUNDATING SAMUT PRAKAN, THAILAND
    Encroachment by sea water in the Bangkok Groundwater Area, that includes Samut Prakan, is a well known effect of land subsidence caused by ground water extraction unrelated to carbon dioxide emissions, global warming, or climate change. RELATED POST [LINK]

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  1. Paw, James N., and Chua Thia-Eng. “Climate changes and sea level rise: implications on coastal area utilization and management in South-east Asia.” Ocean and Shoreline Management 15.3 (1991): 205-232. By the next century, global warming due to an intensifying greenhouse effect could cause profound climate changes and accelerate sea level rise. These may have significant effects on the coastal areas of South-east Asia. These areas are densely populated and support a broad range of diversified economic activities. The physical environment of the region is briefly reviewed as well as the various socio-economic activities in the coastal areas. The physical impact of sea level rise include coastal erosion and inundation of low-lying areas, salt intrusion, flooding due to storm surges and high tides as well as habitat loss. Possible economic impact of sea level rise include the destruction of properties along the coast, changes in land use patterns, water management systems, navigation and waste management. In addition, climate changes will alter precipitation and evaporation patterns, increase cyclone frequency and drought stress which could compound the impact of sea level rise on the coastal zone.

    Some strategies for the mitigation of sea level rise impact such as zoning and land use management, erosion and flood control, water management, reinforcement of existing coastal structures and waste management are discussed. It is advisable to include climate risk factors in coastal management strategies in order to cushion climate changes and sea level rise impact attributed to a greenhouse effect.

    • Engkagul, Surapee. “Flooding features in Bangkok and vicinity: Geographical approach.” GeoJournal 31.4 (1993): 335-338.  In the Chao Phraya delta, in the past, most flooding was controlled by nature. Sheetfloods occurred in a floodplain, then water flowed into the sea by natural water ways and klongs. The way of life of the farmers and house patterns went well with nature, and there were no serious problems about flooding. Nowadays, floods are no tonger controlled by nature. There are human factors such as urbanization, land use, and irrigation systems etc. These factors caused more complex flooding in the Chao Phraya plain. Bangkok and vicinity (Samut Prakarn, Nonthaburi, Pathumthani), S of Chao Phraya delta has flooding every year, because some areas are below the mean sea level. Therefore, in any year in which there is heavy discharge from the N the result is flooding. If it is in the spring tide, flooding is more serious because the drainage system cannot work fast enough. Nowadays, the lower Chao Phraya plain is usually flooded, and severe flooding occurs every 3 to 5 years. Nedeco (1987) who studied the flood protection and Drainage of Thonburi and Samut Prakarn West has summarized the factors of flooding as follows: 1. High river stages due to high discharge from the north; 2. “Fide induced high river stages; 3. High intensity rain storms. The magnitude an d impact of flooding in the study area depends on 3 factors 1. Land subsidence; 2. Insufficient drainage capacity of klongs; 3. Autonomous pump drainage of hundreds of farm polders which discharge into klongs during rainfall. The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA 1986) conducted a feasibility study on a Flood Protection/ Drainage Project in the E suburbs of Bangkok, and summarized the factors of flooding in that area: t. Heavy rainfall; 2. High water level and high tide in the Chao Phraya river; 3. Inflow from the north and east; 4. Progression of land subsidence; 5. Unsystematic character of the drainage system; 6. Run-off increase due to urbanization. From the geographical  nalysis of flooding in the E suburbs of Bangkok in 1980, Prasert (Prasert Vittayarut 1980) has summarized 2 factors of flooding 1. Run-off discharge from heavy rainfall in the N, rainfall in the rainy season,ie, in September, October, November and tidal effect; 2. Rainfall in Bangkok is due to land use roblems; retention areas are inadequate. In Bangkok, flooding can occur, when the amount of rain is 50 mm or higher. Past Flooding Thanom (1982) found that in 1831, the highest water level at Ayutthaya was at 5.24 m msl, which is the highest in a 100 year period. In 1917, the water Ievel was at 424 m msl. In 1942, the water level was at 5.13 m msl. It was 111 years from the first year of flooding. During the floodings in t975, 1978, 1980, 1983, 1988 and 1990 the water level was nearly 2 m msl. If the water level in the Chao Phraya river at the Memorial Bridge rises above 1.30 m, flooding in Bangkok is likely. Factors of Flooding Geomorphology Bangkok mad vicinity is located in the S of the lower Chao Phraya plain, which is situated over a large structural depression, aJ~d filled with medium to fine clastic
    • Sabhasri, Sanga, and Ksemsan Suwarnarat. “Impact of sea level rise on flood control in Bangkok and vicinity.” Sea-Level Rise and Coastal Subsidence. Springer, Dordrecht, 1996. 343-356. Long years of flood damage in Bangkok, Thailand have shown that flooding is not only a natural occurrence but also has resulted from urbanization and the utilization of natural resources. The steady rise in the mean sea water level, caused mainly by land subsidence, poses a threat for investment, operation costs and the safety level of the flood control system. The prevailing flood control scheme relies mostly on the protection from the rising estuarine and sea levels, and the estimated annual pumping costs for the Bangkok may reach US$ 20 million per meter rise. Clearly more attention must be paid to this phenomenon and the ways and means to mitigate its effects. The exchange of experience and knowledge obtained in other countries may help minimize the problems and costs of“trial and error” in the developing countries such as Thailand.
    • Wassmann, Reiner, et al. “Sea level rise affecting the Vietnamese Mekong Delta: water elevation in the flood season and implications for rice production.” Climatic change 66.1-2 (2004): 89-107.  In this study, we assessed the impact of sea level rise, one of the most ascertained consequences of global climate change, for water levels in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta (VMD). We used a hydraulic model to compute water levels from August to November – when flooding is presently critical- under sea level rise scenarios of 20 cm (=Δ 20) and 45 cm (=Δ 45), respectively. The outputs show that the contour lines of water levels will be shifted up to 25 km (Δ 20) and 50 km (Δ 45) towards the sea due to higher sea levels. At the onset of the flood season (August), the average increment in water levels in the Delta is 14.1 cm (Δ 20) and 32.2 cm (Δ 45), respectively. At the peak of the flood season (October), high discharge from upstream attenuates the increment in water level, but average water level rise of 11.9 cm (Δ 20) and 27.4 cm (Δ 45), respectively, still imply a substantial aggravation of flooding problems in the VMD. GIS techniques were used to delineate areas with different levels of vulnerability, i.e., area with high (2.3 mio ha =60% of the VMD), medium (0.6 mio ha = 15%) and low (1 mio ha =25%) vulnerability due to sea level rise. Rice production will be affected through excessive flooding in the tidally inundated areas and longer flooding periods in the central part of the VMD. These adverse impacts could affect all three cropping seasons, Mua (main rainfed crop), Dong Xuan (Winter-Spring) and He Thu (Summer-Autumn) in the VMD unless preventive measures are taken.
    • Rodolfo, Kelvin S., and Fernando P. Siringan. “Global sea‐level rise is recognised, but flooding from anthropogenic land subsidence is ignored around northern Manila Bay, Philippines.” Disasters 30.1 (2006): 118-139.  Land subsidence resulting from excessive extraction of groundwater is particularly acute in East Asian countries. Some Philippine government sectors have begun to recognise that the sea‐level rise of one to three millimetres per year due to global warming is a cause of worsening floods around Manila Bay, but are oblivious to, or ignore, the principal reason: excessive groundwater extraction is lowering the land surface by several centimetres to more than a decimetre per year. Such ignorance allows the government to treat flooding as a lesser problem that can be mitigated through large infrastructural projects that are both ineffective and vulnerable to corruption. Money would be better spent on preventing the subsidence by reducing groundwater pumping and moderating population growth and land use, but these approaches are politically and psychologically unacceptable. Even if groundwater use is greatly reduced and enlightened land‐use practices are initiated, natural deltaic subsidence and global sea‐level rise will continue to aggravate flooding, although at substantially lower rates.
    • Phi, Ho Long. “Climate change and urban flooding in Ho Chi Minh City.” Proceedings of Third International Conference on Climate and Water. 2007Flooding in Ho Chi Minh City has emerged as one of the most concerned issues which have arisen in recent years, accompanying the city’s rapid growth. The numbers of flooded locations, flooding frequency and duration have increased steadily, resulting in substantial economic and social losses. These phenomena are an integrated consequence of both climate and non-climate related factors. Over USD one billion has been invested in urban flooding control projects in the city since 1998, with additional billions expected to be spent in the next decades. Long-term planning taking account climate change effects would require non-conventional approaches. This report is a discussion of several recent studies on unfavorable effects of the uncertainties created by climate change factors on flood control in Ho Chi Minh City.
    • Nicholls, Robert J. “Planning for the impacts of sea level rise.” Oceanography 24.2 (2011): 144-157.  Coastal areas constitute important habitats, and they contain a large and growing population, much of it located in economic centers such as London, New York, Tokyo, Shanghai, Mumbai, and Lagos. The range of coastal hazards includes climate-induced sea level rise, a long-term threat that demands broad response. Global sea levels rose 17 cm through the twentieth century, and are likely to rise more rapidly through the twenty-first century when a rise of more than 1 m is possible. In some locations, these changes may be exacerbated by (1) increases in storminess due to climate change, although this scenario is less certain, and (2) widespread human-induced subsidence due to ground fluid withdrawal from, and drainage of, susceptible soils, especially in deltas. Relative sea level rise has a range of potential impacts, including higher extreme sea levels (and flooding), coastal erosion, salinization of surface and ground waters, and degradation of coastal habitats such as wetlands. Without adaptation, large land areas and millions of people could be displaced by sea level rise. Appropriate responses include climate mitigation (a global response) and/or adaptation (a local response). A combination of these strategies appears to be the most appropriate approach to sea level rise regardless of the uncertainty. Adaptation responses can be characterized as (1) protect, (2) accommodate, or (3) retreat. While these adaptation responses could reduce impacts significantly, they will need to be consistent with responses to all coastal hazards, as well as with wider societal and development objectives; hence, an integrated coastal management philosophy is required. In some developed countries, including England and the Netherlands, proactive adaptation plans are already being formulated. Coastal cities worldwide will be a major focus for adaptation efforts because of their concentrations of people and assets. Developing countries will pose adaptation challenges, especially in deltaic areas and small islands, which are the most vulnerable settings.
    • Dutta, Dushmanta. “An integrated tool for assessment of flood vulnerability of coastal cities to sea-level rise and potential socio-economic impacts: a case study in Bangkok, Thailand.” Hydrological sciences journal 56.5 (2011): 805-823.  The paper introduces a comprehensive and integrated tool developed to analyse socio-economic impacts of floods due to sea-level rise (SLR) on coastal cities, and presents the outcomes of a case study application in Bangkok, Thailand. The study aimed to capture a macro picture of floods to present an overview of the severity of flooding under the projected SLR conditions. A physically-based distributed flood model, which combines surface and river flow, was adopted to simulate the flood scenarios due to different magnitudes of sea-level rise. The input rainfalls and upstream boundary conditions of a worst-case flood event of 1995 were considered as the baseline for the modelling, based on the available records of rainfall and water-level data sets of the last three decades. The outcomes of the case study present a detailed picture of floods and their socio-economic impacts in Bangkok City under the worst projected SLR scenarios in the 21st century. The simulated results show that for baseline conditions of 1995, the overall inundation area in Bangkok may increase up to 26% in 2050 due to a SLR of 32 cm, and to 81% in 2100 due to 88 cm SLR, compared to the extent of flood inundation in 1995. The number of flood affected buildings is likely to increase by a factor of 1.5 in the 75 years from 2025 to 2100.
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    THIS POST IS A CRITICAL REVIEW OF A RESEARCH PAPER THAT SHOWS THAT THE EARTH’S SURFACE TEMPERATURE IS CORRELATED WITH LAGGED CO2 CONCENTRATION OF THE ATMOSPHERE. THE CITATION AND ABSTRACT OF THE PAPER APPEARS BELOW:  

    Humlum, Ole, Kjell Stordahl, and Jan-Erik Solheim. “The phase relation between atmospheric carbon dioxide and global temperature.” Global and Planetary Change 100 (2013): 51-69. 

    Abstract: Using data series on atmospheric carbon dioxide and global temperatures we investigate the phase relation (leads/lags) between these for the period January 1980 to December 2011. Ice cores show atmospheric CO2 variations to lag behind atmospheric temperature changes on a century to millennium scale, but modern temperature is expected to lag changes in atmospheric CO2, as the atmospheric temperature increase since about 1975 generally is assumed to be caused by the modern increase in CO2. In our analysis we use eight well-known datasets: 1) globally averaged well-mixed marine boundary layer CO2 data, 2) HadCRUT3 surface air temperature data, 3) GISS surface air temperature data, 4) NCDC surface air temperature data, 5) HadSST2 sea surface data, 6) UAH lower troposphere temperature data series, 7) CDIAC data on release of anthropogene CO2, and 8) GWP data on volcanic eruptions. Annual cycles are present in all datasets except 7) and 8), and to remove the influence of these we analyze 12-month averaged data. We find a high degree of co-variation between all data series except 7) and 8), but with changes in CO2 always lagging changes in temperature. The maximum positive correlation between CO2 and temperature is found for CO2 lagging 11–12 months in relation to global sea surface temperature, 9.5–10 months to global surface air temperature, and about 9 months to global lower troposphere temperature. The correlation between changes in ocean temperatures and atmospheric CO2 is high, but do not explain all observed changes. ► Changes in global atmospheric CO2 are lagging 11–12 months behind changes in global sea surface temperature. ► Changes in global atmospheric CO2 are lagging 9.5–10 months behind changes in global air surface temperature. ► Changes in global atmospheric CO2 are lagging about 9 months behind changes in global lower troposphere temperature. ► Changes in ocean temperatures explain a substantial part of the observed changes in atmospheric CO2 since January 1980. ► Changes in atmospheric CO2 are not tracking changes in human emissions.

     

    FIGURE 1: 12-MONTH LAG SOURCE DATA CORRELATIONSSOURCE-12MONTH

     

    FIGURE 2: 12-MONTH LAG DETRENDED CORRELATIONSDET-12MONTH

     

    FIGURE 3: 9-MONTH LAG SOURCE DATA CORRELATIONSSOURCE-9MONTHS

     

    FIGURE 4: 9-MONTH LAG DETRENDED CORRELATIONSDETRENDED-9MONTHS

    1. The correlations claimed by the authors of the paper are tested with UAH satellite data for monthly mean lower troposphere temperatures 1979 to 2018 against Mauna Loa monthly mean CO2 data 1977 to 2018. Twenty four regional temperatures are tested. They are labeled numerically in the charts above as 1 to 24. They are, in sequence from 1 to 24, Global, G land, G ocean, Northern Hemisphere, NH land, NH ocean, Southern Hemisphere, SH land, SH ocean, Tropics, T land, T ocean, Northern Extent, NE land, NE ocean, Southern Extent, SE land, SE ocean, North Polar, NP land, NP ocean, South Polar, SP land, SP ocean. Both 12-month and 9-month lags are tested.
    2. Correlation and detrended correlation between temperature and lagged CO2 are computed and the results are summarized in the charts above. Figure 1 and Figure 3 show correlations between the source data at 12-month and 9-month lags. At both lags we find a large range of correlations from negative values to very high correlations of max-ρ=[0.787,0.811] with medians of median-ρ=[0.695,0.658] for 12-month and 9-month lag respectively. These correlations are statistically significant and appear to support the authors claim of a lagged correlation between atmospheric CO2 and surface temperature indicating that temperature rises first and CO2 follows 9-12 months later and that therefore it is not possible for atmospheric CO2 to be the causal agent of the observed warming.
    3. However, as described in related posts, correlations between two time series where both series have long term trends, can be driven by the trends and not by responsiveness at any finite time scale less than the full span of the data [LINK] . Detrended correlation is used to remove the spurious shared trend effect so that responsiveness of atmospheric CO2 to temperature can be tested. These detrended correlations are shown in Figure 2 and Figure 4. The charts show near zero detrended correlations of median-ρ=[0.011,0.009] for 12-month and 9-month lag respectively. Virtually none of the source data correlation survives into the detrended series. This result implies that the correlations seen in the source data are spurious and that the relationship they imply is illusory. Their only information content is that both series have a rising trend. No responsiveness at an annual time scale is found.
    4. CONCLUSION: The lagged correlation between surface temperature and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration reported by these authors is spurious. Therefore the apparent responsiveness of atmospheric CO2 to surface temperature is illusory. In the absence of such responsiveness it cannot be claimed that the data presented show a reverse relationship between temperature and atmospheric carbon dioxide such that temperature drives carbon dioxide and not the other way around. 

     

     

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    THIS POST

    HISTORY OF THE SUPERSTORM FEAROLOGY OF CLIMATE SCIENCE 1995-2009

     

    1995: GLOBAL WARMING RESUMED IN 1994, CLIMATE DATA SHOW
    The mainstream view among researchers on climatic change is that atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases could double by the end of the next century and that this could produce a global warming of 1.5C to 4.5C. By comparison, the earth is 3C to 5C warmer now than in the last ice age, which ended about 10,000 years ago. A 2C warming could cause ice at the poles to melt, rising sea levels, shifting climatic zones, and more extreme floods, droughts, storms, and cold and heat waves. Violent and frequent weather extremes have become more common since 1980.

    1995: NEW EVIDENCE POINTS TO HUMAN ROLE IN GLOBAL WARMING
    Global warming will bring altered crop growing seasons, more severe storms, more tropical diseases, and the inundation of low lying areas by rising seas. As to the cause, the scientific debate about whether the warming is a natural variation or caused by man has now been settled. A scientific consensus due to advances in computer modeling has emerged that the cause of the warming is the greenhouse effect of carbon dioxide emitted by man’s fossil fuel consumption. This finding is issued in a new report of the UN-IPCC panel of scientists and is based on the best data and science available. These findings are now beyond question

    1997, SCIENTISTS WARN KYOTO DELEGATES
    Without reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, scientists warn that carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could double in the next century, warming the atmosphere and triggering an environmental chain reaction that could raise sea levels, change ocean currents and intensify damage from storms, droughts and the spread of tropical diseases” (CNN).

    2000, GLOBAL WARMING IS THE RESULT OF HUMAN ACTIVITY
    According to an IPCC panel of scientists, human activities that release greenhouse gases like CO2 into the atmosphere are at least partially responsible for global warming because greenhouse gases trap heat reflected from the surface of the earth. The consequent global warming will raise surface temperature by between 1C and 3.5C by the year 2100. The warming will cause melting ice and thermal expansion of the oceans and raise sea levels by between one and three feet and flood coastal areas. There will be an increase in the intensity and frequency of extreme weather such as storms,droughts, and floods. Tropical diseases will spread into a pandemic. Plants and animals that fail to adapt to these changes will die off in waves of extinctions and loss of biodiversity.

    2004 GLOBAL WARMING THE MOVIE
    Hollywood released a movie called “The day after tomorrow”, a dramatization of the horrors of global warming complete with superstorms, and a “climate shift”. There is death and destruction on a global scale Hollywood style. It is promoted by the global warming camp as “a teachable moment” and derided by skeptics as goofy. It helps to dramatically increase public support for global warming issues and for reduction of carbon dioxide emissions.

    2005: HURRICANE KATRINA WAS CAUSED BY OUR USE OF FOSSIL FUELS
    A high level of interest in tropical cyclones derives from an unusually active hurricane season in 2004 when more than 14 tropical cyclones formed in the North Atlantic basin. Four of these storms intensified to Category 4 or greater and made landfall in the USA causing considerable damage. The even more dramatic 2005 season followed in its heels with more than thirty depressions. Four of them intensified to Category 5 and three made landfall. The most intense was Hurricane Wilma but the most spectacular was Hurricane Katrina which made landfall in Florida and again in Louisiana. Its devastation was facilitated by a breach in a levee system that was unrelated to AGW but its dramatic consequences made it an icon of the possible extreme weather impacts of fossil fuel caused global warming. Climate scientists stepped up quickly and said that Katrina was confirmed as a climate change even by climate models. More info: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3130131

    2007: ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT BY HUMANS IS A WAR AGAINST NATURE
    In the Bali climate meeting scientists declare economic development is a bad thing because hurricanes, cyclones, snowstorms, and floods are killing people as a result of the war on nature waged by humanity in pursuit of economic development. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2007/12/reference-inconvenient-truth-in-bali.html

    2007: INUNDATION, DROUGHT, AND HURRICANES
    The Kiribati and Tuvalu islands are atolls and atolls often sink by subduction. Bangladesh is a delta where its natural dynamics contain sand spit formation and erosion. The Darfur area is semi-arid and prone to droughts. The North Atlantic Basin is an active tropical cyclone area known for occasional severe storms. The entire case presented by climate science against greenhouse gases in terms of such fearmongering rests on forecasts that are so far in the future that they can’t be proven wrong. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2007/11/reference-putting-climate-change.html

    2007: CLIMATE CHANGE DEVASTATION IN BANGLADESH BY CYCLONE SIDR
    Tropical cyclones over the Bay of Bengal that make landfall in Bangladesh with the severity of Cyclone Sidr or greater are common. The mother of them all was the cyclone of 1970. It killed 550,000 people and the devastation eventually led to the birth of the country we know as Bangladesh. It is not possible to represent these events as evidence that CO2 from rich countries is devastating poor countries. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2007/11/reference-how-equitable-is-climate.html

    2008: HURRICANE KATRINA IS THE HARBINGER OF WORSE YET TO COME
    The IPCC claimed that it had the scientific evidence to prove that our use of fossil fuels caused Hurricane Katrina to forecast with a great certainty that there was more to come in the 2006 hurricane season but the 2006 hurricane season turned out to be milder than normal. The IPCC blamed the dissipation of El Nino for the mild hurricane season in 2006 and issued a new warning that 2007 will be the hottest year on record and will bring a killer hurricane season worse than 2005 but the 2007 forecast also failed. The IPCC’s dream hurricane season has finally arrived in 2008 unannounced and unexpected with strong hurricanes Gustav and Hanna expected to be followed by Ike and a dozen others before the season is through. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/09/reference-busy-storm-season-likely.html

    2008THE IPCC AR4 REPORT SELLS FEARS THAT HAVE BEEN PROVEN FALSE
    The summer melt of the Arctic ice is not unprecedented, extreme weather events have not become more frequent or more severe, and atolls in the South Pacific are not sinking under rising sea levels. The IPCC’s claim that Hurricane Katrina was caused by man-made global warming has been thoroughly discredited and their forecasts for more severe hurricane seasons in 2006 and 2007 have been proven wrong. They are merchants of fear and their method is the dissemination of convenient lies. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2007/12/reference-inconvenient-query-wholl-pay.html

    2008: CLIMATE CHANGE TO CAUSE NARGIS-LIKE STORM SURGE IN THAILAND 
    In May 2008 Cyclone Nargis, with unremarkable maximum wind speeds of 100 mph, struck Myanmar and caused a freak storm surge that went up the Irrawaddy River and killed 140,000 people. Climate science was quick to claim Nargis as an impact climate change and reason to fear fossil fuels. This assessment created widespread panic in the region with Myanmar, Thailand, Bangladesh, and India all forecasting and fearing Nargis-like storm surges. In Thailand, the meteorology department had Samut Prakarn area residents in fear for years with repeated forecasts of destruction by Nargis-like storm surges. They never came and those scary forecasts have stopped coming. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/12/reference-fear-of-storm-surge-in-samut.html

    2008: THAILAND GRIPPED BY FEAR OF NARGIS STYLE STORM SURGE 
    There has been much speculation in the Thai media recently as to the surge effects on the low-lying coastal mudflats of Samut Prakarn should a storm like Cyclone Nargis form in the Gulf of Thailand due to climate change and rising seas caused by fossil fuel emissions. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/09/reference-storm-surge-brunch-magazine.html

    2008: THAILAND PARALYZED BY FEAR OF CLIMATE CHANGE STORM SURGE 
    Climate scientists say that fossil fueled global warming causes extreme weather and then waits for weather events such as Cyclone Nargis that can be called extreme, claims that it was caused by global warming, and the forecasts more of the same in that area. In the very sad case of Thailand, the deadly storm surge of Cyclone Nargis was forecast to become normal for this region and a specific forecast was made that a cyclone would form in the Gulf of Thailand and that it would cause a storm surge that would devastate the province of Samut Prakarn. No such cyclone occurred but the economic and emotional distress caused by these forecasts were probably equally damaging. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/08/reference-fear-of-storm-surge-in-samut.html

    2008: ASIA HIT HARD BY CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
    Climate scientists say that man-made global warming has caused a rise in the sea level and an increase in the frequency and intensity of natural disasters in Asia. They cite the recent cyclone in Burma, a typhoon in the Philippines, and the earthquake in China. It is implied that these events could hav e been avoided or moderated had we not used fossil fuels. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/07/reference-world-bank-says-asian-cities.html

    2009: DESTRUCTION ON A GLOBAL SCALE WITH SUPERSTORMS
    In 2005 climate science had latched on to Hurricane Katrina as the harbinger of killer hurricane super storms created by fossil fueled global warming but after no further cyclone activity in the North Atlantic Basin in the next three years, they were rewarded with Cyclone Nargis in the Indian Basin. Though not unusually strong, Nargis did create a freak storm surge in rising tides that swept up the Irrawaddy River in Burma and claimed a horrific death toll. Nargis thus became the biggest news story in Asia. Climate scientists quickly changed their focus from the North Atlantic Basin to the Indian Basin and claimed Cyclone Nargis as a creation of climate change caused by fossil fuel emissions and as the harbinger of “destruction on a global scale” by human caused global warming. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-destruction-on-global-level_18.html

    2009: GLOBAL WARMING = REGIONAL WARMING IN SE ASIA
    Although climate science presents climate change as a global issue with global emissions changing global language, the ADB tries to trick SE Asian non-Annex countries into climate action with a report that implies that climate change in SE Asia is responsive to emissions from SE Asia and if no action is taken climate change will lead to decreasing rainfall and millions will suffer from water shortages”; “Rice production will decline threatening food security”; “Forests will turn into scrub land”; “Floods, droughts, cyclones, and other extreme weather events will become common”; “Deaths from cardiovascular and respiratory disease, malaria, and dengue fever will increase”; “Sea levels will rise by 70 cm or more inundating entire islands and low lying areas”; and the biggest lie of all, “All of these dangers may be mitigated by reducing CO2 emissions from fossil fuels”. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/04/reference-there-are-lies-damn-lies-and.html

    2009: BANGLADESH HIT WITH CYCLONES AND CLIMATE REFUGEES
    Bangladeshis displaced by Cyclone Sidr in 2007 are “climate refugees” because they have been rendered homeless by a climate change event that was caused by carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels and it suggests that cyclones like Sidr will continue to ravage this poverty stricken nation unless we forge a plan in Copenhagen and do away with fossil fuels. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/10/reference-climate-refugees-add-strain.html

    2009: TYPHOON KETSANA WAS A WARNING FROM NATURE
    Typhoon Ketsana devastated the Philippines in 2009 and it was a high profile news item so naturally it was adopted by the United Nations climate meeting in Bangkok to sell their war against fossil fuels. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/10/reference-nature-warns-climate-talkers.html

    2009: RAPID ECONOMIC GROWTH IN SE ASIA WILL CAUSE EXTREME WEATHER IN SE ASIA
    Global warming theory is strictly in global terms and yet it is often interpreted in regional terms as in this case where typhoons in Vietnam are interpreted in terms of SE Asian emissions. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-climate-changes-dealmaker.html

     

    tippingpoint

    1. 2004, GLOBAL WARMING TO MELT GREENLAND ICE SHEET
      A meltdown of the massive ice sheet, which is more than 3km-thick would raise sea levels by an average seven meters, threatening countries such as Bangladesh, certain islands in the Pacific and some parts of Florida. Greenland’s huge ice sheet could melt within the next thousand years if emissions of carbon dioxide (CO
      2) and global warming are not reduced.
    2. 2004, RAPID ARCTIC WARMING BRINGS SEA LEVEL RISE
      The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) report says: increasing greenhouse gases from human activities is causing the Arctic to warm twice as fast as the rest of the planet; in Alaska, western Canada, and eastern Russia winter temperatures have risen by 2C to 4C in the last 50 years; the Arctic will warm by 4C to 7C by 2100. A portion of Greenland’s ice sheet will melt; global sea levels will rise; global warming will intensify. Greenland contains enough melting ice to raise sea levels by 7 meters; Bangkok, Manila, Dhaka, Florida, Louisiana, and New Jersey are at risk of inundation; thawing permafrost and rising seas threaten Arctic coastal regions; climate change will accelerate and bring about profound ecological and social changes; the Arctic is experiencing the most rapid and severe climate change on earth and it’s going to get a lot worse; Arctic summer sea ice will decline by 50% to 100%polar bears will be driven towards extinction; this report is an urgent SOS for the Arctic; forest fires and insect infestations will increase in frequency and intensity; changing vegetation and rising sea levels will shrink the tundra to its lowest level in 21000 years; vanishing breeding areas for birds and grazing areas for animals will cause extinctions of many species; “if we limit emission of heat trapping carbon dioxide we can still help protect the Arctic and slow global warming”.
    3. 2004 GLOBAL WARMING WILL LEAVE ARCTIC ICE FREE
      The Arctic ice cap is shrinking at an unprecedented rate and will be gone by 2070. It has shrunk by 15%to 20% in the last 30 years. This process will accelerate with the Arctic warming twice as fast as the rest of the world due to a buildup of heat trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.The findings support the broad scientific consensus that global warming is caused mainly by rising atmospheric greenhouse gases as a result of emissions from cars, factories and power plants.
    4. 2005: HURRICANE KATRINA WAS CAUSED BY OUR USE OF FOSSIL FUELS
      A high level of interest in tropical cyclones derives from an unusually active hurricane season in 2004 when more than 14 tropical cyclones formed in the North Atlantic basin. Four of these storms intensified to Category 4 or greater and made landfall in the USA causing considerable damage. The even more dramatic 2005 season followed in its heels with more than thirty depressions. Four of them intensified to Category 5 and three made landfall. The most intense was Hurricane Wilma but the most spectacular was Hurricane Katrina which made landfall in Florida and again in Louisiana. Its devastation was facilitated by a breach in a levee system that was unrelated to AGW but its dramatic consequences made it an icon of the possible extreme weather impacts of fossil fuel caused global warming. Climate scientists stepped up quickly and said that Katrina was confirmed as a climate change even by climate models. More info: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3130131
    5. 2005: METHANE BOMB IN THE PEAT BOGS OF SIBERIA
      Man-made global warming is melting the vast peat bogs of Siberia. The melt will release enough methane and carbon dioxide to bring about climate change Armageddon by virtue of a positive feedback and its non-linear process gone berserk. This scare is repeated in 2007 saying that global warming is causing the Alaska coast to melt. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/04/reference-alaska-coasts-melting-bangkok.html
    6. 2006: CORAL DOOMED TO EXTINCTION BY GLOBAL WARMING
      Climate scientists see all coral bleaching as anomalous and unnatural and therefore symptoms of human caused global warming, as if they had never seen coral bleaching before. In 2006, they issued an alarm that “it was already too late for the coral” because we have put too much CO2 into the atmosphere and the warming and acidification of the oceans thus caused will kill off all the world’s coral. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/09/reference-it-is-already-too-late-for.html
    7. 2007: A PLAN TO SAVE BANGKOK FROM GLOBAL WARMING’S SEA LEVEL RISE
      It has been more than a year now that scientists and climate experts sought a budget of 100 billion baht to build a sea wall 80 kilometers long from the mouth of the Ta Chin river to the Bang Pakong river to protect the city of Bangkok from being inundated by the sea that was projected to rise by 20 cm per year due to man-made global warming. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/02/reference-group-floats-plan-to-keep.html
    8. 2007: WE PASSED THE CLIMATE CHANGE TIPPING POINT AND ARE DOOMED
      Ahead of the Bali meeting in 2007, climate scientists flooded the media with press releases that were increasingly alarmist in their pitch to save the planet from fossil fuels, so much so that they got carried away and announced that it was too late to save the planet for we had passed the tipping point because the damage done by the carbon dioxide already in the air had put into motion irreversible non-linear changes that would lead us to climate doom whether or not we cut emissions. Soon thereafter, having realized their folly, they quickly reversed themselves just in time for Bali by saying that there was still time to save the planet after all. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/09/reference-sea-rise-is-virtually.html
    9. 2007: OUR USE OF FOSSIL FUELS IS CAUSING GREENLAND TO MELT
      A comparison of Landsat photos taken on 8/11/1985 and 9/5/2002 shows that global warming caused by our use of fossil fuels is melting the massive Greenland ice sheet and exposing the rocky peninsula beneath the ice previously covered by ice. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/10/reference-melting-glacier-uncovers.html
    10. 2007: HIMALAYAN GLACIER MELT WILL DEVASTATE BILLIONS IN ASIA
      The rate of retreat of the retreating Gangotri glacier in the Himalayan mountains has accelerated from 19 meters/yr in 1971 to 34 meters/yr in 2001. Extrapolated of the observed acceleration forward shows that global warming devastation due to carbon dioxide was only a decade away for people who depend on the Ganges and other rivers with headwaters in the Himalayas. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-himalayan-glacier-melts-to.html
    11. 2007-2010: CLIMATE CHANGE DRYING UP ANDES ICE AND WATER SUPPLIES 
      Global warming caused by our use of fossil fuels has devastated the Andes Mountains in South America where they are losing their ice and water supplies. We must help these poor people by reducing fossil fuel emissions and thereby curbing global warming and climate change. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/01/reference-vanishing-ice-and-political.html
    12. 2007: THE ARCTIC IS SCREAMING
      Climate science declares that the low sea ice extent in the Arctic is the leading indicator of climate change. We are told that the Arctic “is screaming”, that Arctic sea ice extent is the “canary in the coal mine”, and that Polar Bears and other creatures in the Arctic are dying off and facing imminent extinction. Scientists say that the melting sea ice has set up a positive feedback system that would cause the summer melts in subsequent years to be greater and greater until the Arctic becomes ice free in the summer of 2012. We must take action immediately to cut carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels. http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/04/reference-less-ice-less-pups-bangkok.html
    13. 2007: THE ICE FREE ARCTIC CLAIMS GAIN MOMENTUM
      The unusual summer melt of Arctic sea ice in 2007 has encouraged climate science to warn the world that global warming will cause a steep decline in the amount of ice left in subsequent summer melts until the Arctic becomes ice free in summer and that could happen as soon as 2080 or maybe 2060 or it could even be 2030. This time table got shorter and shorter until, without a “scientific” explanation, the ice free year was brought up to 2013. In the meantime, the data showed that in 2008 and 2009 the summer melt did not progressively increase as predicted but did just the opposite by making a comeback in 2008 that got even stronger in 2009. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-polar-ice-may-go-in-five.html
    14. 2007: ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT BY HUMANS IS A WAR AGAINST NATURE
      In the Bali climate meeting scientists declare economic development is a bad thing because hurricanes, cyclones, snowstorms, and floods are killing people as a result of the war on nature waged by humanity in pursuit of economic development. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2007/12/reference-inconvenient-truth-in-bali.html
    15. 2007: CLIMATE CHANGE REACHES A TIPPING POINT
      Since 1998, and most recently in 2007, we have been told on a fairly regular basis that climate change caused by our use of fossil fuels has reached the “tipping point”. When asked to define the term they said that it is not a point of no return and that a definition would be forthcoming; but that there is no doubt that we have reached the tipping point in 2007. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2007/12/reference-arctic-is-screaming-bangkok.html
    16. 2007: THE EXTINCTION OF ADELIE PENGUINS AND LOSS OF BIODIVERSITY
      The penguins are flightless and not well dispersed and therefore at risk of extinction but that extinction, if it happens, will lead to a new species and even greater biodiversity. This is how nature works. Nature does not need environmentalists, much less UN bureaucrats, to micromanage these processes nor is such micromanagement possible. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2007/12/reference-warming-threatens-penguins.html
    17. 2007: SCIENTISTS SAY THAT SEA LEVELS WILL RISE BY 7 METERS IN 100 YEARS
      Climate scientists say that at the current rate of increase in the use of fossil fuels, the sea level would rise by 7 meters in 100 years and devastate low-lying countries like Bangladesh. When these estimates were challenged and their internal inconsistencies exposed, the IPCC quietly revised the 100-year forecast downward 100-fold from 7 meters to 7 centimeters on their website but the news media alarm about 7 meters continued unabated with “thousands of years” quietly inserted in place of “100 years. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2007/12/reference-melting-greenland-ice-sheet.html
    18. 2007: THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT INFERNO OF VENUS IS EARTH’S FATE 
      Climate scientists say that Venus represents earth’s fate if we don’t reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels. It is yet another desperate attempt to scare us into going along with their war against fossil fuels. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2007/12/reference-venus-inferno-due-to.html
    19. 2007: INDONESIA: FLOODS, DROUGHTS, LANDSLIDES, AND SEA LEVEL RISE
      Scientists say that an effect of greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels is that droughts, floods, landslides, and rising sea levels are becoming commonplace in Indonesia. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2007/12/reference-crunch-is-in-mandatory-limits_9192.html
    20. 2007: CLIMATE CHANGE DEVASTATION IN BANGLADESH BY CYCLONE SIDR
      Tropical cyclones over the Bay of Bengal that make landfall in Bangladesh with the severity of Cyclone Sidr or greater are common. The mother of them all was the cyclone of 1970. It killed 550,000 people and the devastation eventually led to the birth of the country we know as Bangladesh. It is not possible to represent these events as evidence that CO2 from rich countries is devastating poor countries. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2007/11/reference-how-equitable-is-climate.html
    21. 2007: INUNDATION, DROUGHT, AND HURRICANES
      The Kiribati and Tuvalu islands are atolls and atolls often sink by subduction. Bangladesh is a delta where its natural dynamics contain sand spit formation and erosion. The Darfur area is semi-arid and prone to droughts. The North Atlantic Basin is an active tropical cyclone area known for occasional severe storms.
      The entire case presented by climate science against greenhouse gases in terms of such fearmongering rests on forecasts that are so far in the future that they can’t be proven wrong. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2007/11/reference-putting-climate-change.html
    22. 2007/2009: THE MAKING AND RECANTING CYCLE OF TIPPING POINTS
      There is an optimum level of fear at which climate research funding is maximized. The idea that global warming is past the “tipping point” or a point of no return is well beyond that optimum. No research funding for mitigation of global warming will be forthcoming if mitigation is not possible. Yet it is used when traditional fearmongering fails to get the desired attention and then quickly recanted to seek funds for climate action. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/03/reference-past-point-of-no-return.html
    23. 2007/2009: POLAR BEARS WILL BE DRIVEN TO EXTINCTION 
      Climate scientists say that the Arctic is on its way to becoming ice free in summer and that therefore the polar bear should be declared an endangered species under the Endangered Species Act and we must act quickly and decisively to cut emissions and turn the climate temperature knob down to where the Polar Bear can survive. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/03/reference-latest-threat-to-polar-bear.html
    24. 2008: CLIMATE CHANGE TO CAUSE NARGIS-LIKE STORM SURGE IN THAILAND 
      In May 2008 Cyclone Nargis, with unremarkable maximum wind speeds of 100 mph, struck Myanmar and caused a freak storm surge that went up the Irrawaddy River and killed 140,000 people. Climate science was quick to claim Nargis as an impact climate change and reason to fear fossil fuels. This assessment created widespread panic in the region with Myanmar, Thailand, Bangladesh, and India all forecasting and fearing Nargis-like storm surges. In Thailand, the meteorology department had Samut Prakarn area residents in fear for years with repeated forecasts of destruction by Nargis-like storm surges. They never came and those scary forecasts have stopped coming. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/12/reference-fear-of-storm-surge-in-samut.html
    25. 2008: POSITIVE FEEDBACK: ARCTIC SEA ICE IN A DOWNWARD SPIRAL
      Our use of fossil fuels is devastating the Arctic where the volume of sea ice “fell to its lowest recorded level to date” this year and that reduced ice coverage is causing a non-linear acceleration in the loss of polar ice because there is less ice to reflect sunlight. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/12/reference-poznan-only-marking-time.html
    26. 2008: GLACIERS IN ANTARCTICA FLOWING FASTER TO THE SEA
      Mt. Erebus along with most of the mountains in Antarctica are volcanic mountains and it is now known with certainty that volcanic activity under the ice there is causing great amounts of ice to melt and to cause glaciers to flow faster. The attempt by climate scientists to represent these events as climate change phenomena is inconsistent with this reality. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/11/reference-glaciers-falling-faster-into.html
    27. 2008: THE ARCTIC WILL BE ICE FREE IN SUMMER IN 2008, 2013, 2030, OR 2100
      The unusually low summer sea ice extent in the Arctic in 2007
      The IPCC has taken note and has revised its projection of an ice free Arctic first from 2008 to 2013 and then again from 2013 to 2030. The way things are going it may be revised again to the year 2100. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/10/reference-arctic-to-be-ice-free-due-to.html
    28. 2008: IMMINENT COLLAPSE OF PETERMANN GLACIER IN GREENLAND 
      Climate scientists looking through satellite pictures found a crack in the Petermann glacier in Greenland and concluded that it could speed up sea level rise because huge chunks of ice the size of Manhattan were hemorrhaging off. Yet, scientists who has been travelling to Greenland for years to study glaciers say that the crack in the glacier is normal and not different from other cracks seen in the 1990s. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/09/reference-worrisome-cracks-in-ice.html
    29. 2008: AN ALARMING WARMING TREND IS FOUND IN MOHONK NY
      Temperature data taken very diligently at Mohonk, NY since 1896 show a temperature increase of 16 Centigrade degrees over 112 years, equivalent to 0.14285 Centigrade degrees per year However, an examination of the Mohonk station shows a warming trend of 0.0133C/year, not 0.1428C/year. Over the same period, on average, the temperature at Rochester, NY increased 0.0056 degrees/year, at Albany, NY it decreased 0.00167 degrees/year, and at Maryland, NY it decreased 0.0074 degrees/year. Clearly it is not possible to use data from a single weather station to draw conclusions about temperature trends even in just the state of New York, much less the entire world. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/09/reference-weather-history-at-house.html
    30. 2008: THAILAND GRIPPED BY FEAR OF NARGIS STYLE STORM SURGE 
      There has been much speculation in the Thai media recently as to the surge effects on the low-lying coastal mudflats of Samut Prakarn should a storm like Cyclone Nargis form in the Gulf of Thailand due to climate change and rising seas caused by fossil fuel emissions. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/09/reference-storm-surge-brunch-magazine.html
    31. 2008: HURRICANE KATRINA IS THE HARBINGER OF WORSE YET TO COME
      The IPCC claimed that it had the scientific evidence to prove that our use of fossil fuels caused Hurricane Katrina to forecast with a great certainty that there was more to come in the 2006 hurricane season but the 2006 hurricane season turned out to be milder than normal. The IPCC blamed the dissipation of El Nino for the mild hurricane season in 2006 and issued a new warning that 2007 will be the hottest year on record and will bring a killer hurricane season worse than 2005 but the 2007 forecast also failed. The IPCC’s dream hurricane season has finally arrived in 2008 unannounced and unexpected with strong hurricanes Gustav and Hanna expected to be followed by Ike and a dozen others before the season is through. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/09/reference-busy-storm-season-likely.html
    32. 2008: GLOBAL WARMING IS THE CAUSE OF ALL ICE MELT EVENTS
      When there was a greater focus on Antarctica climate scientists said that global warming was melting the West Antarctic Ice Shelf; but the melting was found to be localized and with an active volcano underneath the melting and the attention of “melt forecast” climate science shifted to Arctic sea ice after the an extensive summer melt was observed in September 2007. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/08/reference-arctic-sea-ice-drops.html
    33. 2008: THAILAND PARALYZED BY FEAR OF CLIMATE CHANGE STORM SURGE 
      Climate scientists say that fossil fueled global warming causes extreme weather and then waits for weather events such as Cyclone Nargis that can be called extreme, claims that it was caused by global warming, and the forecasts more of the same in that area. In the very sad case of Thailand, the deadly storm surge of Cyclone Nargis was forecast to become normal for this region and a specific forecast was made that a cyclone would form in the Gulf of Thailand and that it would cause a storm surge that would devastate the province of Samut Prakarn. No such cyclone occurred but the economic and emotional distress caused by these forecasts were probably equally damaging. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/08/reference-fear-of-storm-surge-in-samut.html
    34. 2008: BANGKOK IS BEING INUNDATED BY SEA LEVEL RISE 
      The city of Bangkok is sinking due to subsidence. This is a real problem and its real causes must be addressed for a solution. It is cruel opportunism for climate scientists to use this tragedy to sell their man-made global warming agenda. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/07/reference-great-flood-bangkok-post-july.html
    35. 2008: ASIA HIT HARD BY CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
      Climate scientists say that man-made global warming has caused a rise in the sea level and an increase in the frequency and intensity of natural disasters in Asia. They cite the recent cyclone in Burma, a typhoon in the Philippines, and the earthquake in China. It is implied that these events could hav e been avoided or moderated had we not used fossil fuels. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/07/reference-world-bank-says-asian-cities.html
    36. 2008: SEA LEVEL RISE INUNDATES ATOLL AND CREATES CLIMATE REFUGEES
      Climate scientists say that man-made global warming has caused a rise in the sea level sufficient to inundate an atoll in Kiribati, a chain of 33 such islands, and created climate refugees. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/06/reference-atoll-leader-asks-australia.html
    37. 2008: THE POLAR BEAR IS THREATENED BY OUR USE OF FOSSIL FUELS
      The survival of the polar bear is threatened because man made global warming is melting ice in the Arctic. It is true that the Arctic sea ice extent was down in negative territory in September 2007. This event emboldened global warming scaremongers to declare it a climate change disaster caused by greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels and to issue a series of scenarios about environmental holocaust yet to come. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/06/reference-polar-bear-numbers-set-to.html
    38. 2008: ADELIE PENGUINS IN ANTARCTICA ARE THREATENED 
      Climate scientists have determined that Adelie penguins in Antarctica are threatened because climate change is melting Antarctic glaciers although it is not clear whether the melting is caused by volcanic activity underneath the ice. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/05/reference-antarctic-melt-poisoning.html
    39. 2008: GLOBAL WARMING WILL DEVASTATE CROP YIELDS & CAUSE FAMINES
      Global warming scientists used a computer climate model to determine that by the year 2030 yields of critical crops will fall sufficiently in southern Africa and in South Asia to cause famine. The good news is that this catastrophe can be avoided by giving up fossil fuels and using renewable energy. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/02/reference-inconvenient-truth-bangkok.html
    40. 2008: GLOBAL WARMING IS KILLING OFF THE ADELIE PENGUINS 
      The population of Adelie Penguins in the northern reaches of the Peninsula has declined in recent decades but this decline has been more than offset by robust growth in other areas of Antarctica and other species of penguins are thriving in the Peninsula. The mix of penguin species in Antarctica has never been stable and has undergone dramatic changes over millennia. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/02/reference-last-march-bangkok-post.html
    41. 2008CLIMATE CHANGE IS CAUSING MASS EXTINCTIONS OF SPECIES
      Climate change is causing mass extinctions of species and is expected to devastate the biodiversity of the although in prior epochs of climate change the data in the fossil record show that climate change causes not a net reduction in the number of species but an explosion in the number of species. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2008/01/reference-plants-or-animals-begin-to.html
    42. 2009: CATASTROPHIC WARMING OVER THE WHOLE OF ANTARCTICA
      Temperature data 1957-2008 show that the whole of Antarctica including Western Antarctica, the Antarctic Peninsula, and Eastern Antarctica, is warming due to CO2 emissions from fossil fuels. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/01/reference-global-warming-hitting-all-of.html
    43. 2009: SOUTHEAST ASIA HIT WITH SEA LEVEL RISE 
      It is reported that “Southeast Asia is facing problems from rising sea levels that bring more frequent flooding in coastal zones and river basins” (Thai firms not ready for climate change, Bangkok Post, January 22, 2009). It is noteworthy that none of these flooding events has been reported in the media. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/01/reference-thai-firms-not-ready-for.html
    44. 2009: SEA LEVEL RISE CAUSING COASTAL EROSION IN PHUKET, THAILAND
      It is reported that an increase in coastal erosion observed this year in Phuket, Thailand, is due to rising sea levels caused by man-made global warming. Phuket is on the Andaman side of the isthmus of Thailand. Nearby is the Koh-Tapao sea level measuring station monitored by the University of Hawaii sea level database. The time series of these data from 1996 to 2008 do not show any trend. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/01/reference-coastline-lost-to-rising-seas.html
    45. 2009: OUR USE OF FOSSIL FUELS IS CAUSING GREENLAND GLACIERS TO MELT
      Man-made global warming is causing Greenland’s glaciers to melt at an alarming rate. By the year 2100 all the ice there will have melted causing a calamitous rise in the sea level that will inundate Bangladesh, the Maldives, Bangkok, New Orleans, and atolls in the Pacific. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/01/reference-greenland-meltoff-not-so-fast.html
    46. 2009: THE TUATARA REPTILE IS THREATENED BY CLIMATE CHANGE
      The tuatara reptile is one of a many species identified by climate scientists as being threatened by global warming caused by our use of fossil fuels. It is part of an overall theory that climate change threatens biodiversity because it will reduce the number of species by causing some of them to become extinct. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/01/reference-condemned-to-single-sex-life.html
    47. 2009: STATEMENT BY WILLIAM HAPPER, PRINCETON UNIVERSITY.
      The current warming period began about 1800 at the end of the little ice age, long before there was an appreciable increase of CO2. There have been similar and even larger warmings several times in the 10,000 years since the end of the last ice age. These earlier warmings clearly had nothing to do with the combustion of fossil fuels. More Info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/03/excerpts-from-statement-to-u_02.html
    48. 2009: CLIMATE CHANGE WILL TURN EUROPE INTO A DESERT BY 2040
      James Lovelock, of Gaia fame who rose to prominence as a guru of environmentalism in the 1960s, says that by the year 2040 carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels will turn Europe into a desert and that by the year 2100 the entire planet will be dead. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/02/reference-warming-to-wipe-out-most-life.html
    49. 2009: MELTING OF ANTARCTICA MORE SEVERE THAN PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT
      Climate scientists say that the melting of Antarctica is more severe than “previously thought” because the melt is not limited to the Antarctic Peninsula but extends to West Antarctica as well. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/02/reference-melt-in-antarctica-much.html
    50. 2009COLLAPSE OF THE WEST ANTARCTIC ICE SHELF
      New data show that the West Antarctic ice shelf collapses every 40,000 years or so and that this cyclical process has been regular feature of this ice shelf for millions of years (Antarctica ice collapses were regular, Bangkok Post, March 19, 2009). These melting episodes can raise the sea level by as much as 5 meters but the process takes a thousand years or more. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/03/reference-antarctica-ice-collapses-were.html
    51. 2009: SEA LEVEL RISE DUE TO GLOBAL WARMING IS FLOODING BANGKOK
      Bangkok is sinking at about 2 or 3 cm per year and this phenomenon is blamed for the increasing severity of floods that occur when a rain swollen Chao Phraya River coincides with unusually high tides. These flooding incidents cannot be related to global warming or sea level rise. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/03/reference-bangkok-seeks-dutch-help-to.html
    52. 2009: THE WILKINS ICE SHELF IS COLLAPSING
      Climate scientists say that the Wilkins Ice Shelf collapse is caused by warming of the Antarctic Peninsula due to man-made “global climate change”. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/04/reference-warming-blamed-for-collapse.html
    53. 2009: WE ARE APPROACHING THE ABYSS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
      Between 2005 and 2007 the UN repeatedly declares that we have passed the tipping point and that it is “already too late to late. The planet is doomed. But in 2009, Ban Ki Moon contradicts his staff and describes the effect of carbon dioxide emissions on climate as “our foot is stuck on the accelerator and we are heading towards an abyss”. That we are not at the abyss yet and there is till time to act. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/09/reference-action-needed-to-avoid-abyss.html
    54. 2009: SEVERE DROUGHT IN SOUTHEAST AUSTRALIA
      Southeast Australia is a semi-arid drought prone area with a history of severe droughts during which its primary river system can go bone dry. The current drought there is part of this weather pattern. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/08/reference-mississippi-down-under.html
    55. 2009: SEVERE DROUGHT IN NORTHERN CHINA
      Our use of fossil fuels has, through global warming, caused a prolonged drought and severe aridity in northern China and the appropriate response for us is to take climate action and cut emissions. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/08/reference-water-crisis-in-parched.html
    56. 2009: SEA LEVEL RISE OF SEVERAL METERS BY 2100
      After sustained criticism from skeptics, climate scientists have revised their forecast for the rise in sea levels by the year 2100 from 5 meters to 38 cm. In releasing the rather innocuous new figure the scientists had to try extra hard to maintain the fear level saying that the lower figure does not mean we are safe and that things could turn out to be much worse. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/07/reference-study-confirms-rising-sea.html
    57. 2009: CLIMATE CHAOS IN THE AMAZON BASIN 
      In 2005 the Amazon Basin was suffering from drought conditions and this year it was deluged under a devastating flood. The rapid succession of drought and flood is described by climate science as “climate chaos”. They have determined that it was caused by global warming driven by fossil fuel emissions. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/05/reference-amazon-hit-by-chaos-bangkok.html
    58. 2009: GLOBAL WARMING CAUSES MALARIA EPIDEMICS
      The effort by epidemiologists to pin a malaria outbreak on global warming is quite possibly not unbiased scientific inquiry but rather an effort to fudge the data and the methodology until the findings meet the expectations and the utility of the global warming community and thereby facilitate further funding. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/05/reference-climate-of-disease-bangkok.html
    59. 2009: CATASTROPHIC ICE MELT NEEDS TREATY AT COPENHAGEN
      Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels have caused the following alarming changes to our planet: (1) ice covering the Arctic Ocean shrank in 2007 to its smallest since satellite records began, (2) In Antarctica, a section of the Wilkins Ice Shelf has broken up in recent days, (3) glaciers in the Himalayan mountains are shrinking and threatening to disrupt water supplies to hundreds of millions of people, (4) melting permafrost in Siberia will release large quantities of methane into the atmosphere and hasten global warming, and (5) if all of the land based ice in Antarctica melted it would raise the sea level by 80 meters. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/04/reference-melting-ice-to-spur-new.html
    60. 2009: CLIMATE CHANGE WILL KILL OFF THE WORLD’S CORAL REEFS
      Our carbon dioxide emissions are wreaking havoc on the world’s coral reefs according to climate scientists. Sadly, the obsession with carbon dioxide has done more harm to the environment and to coral reefs than good by belittling and hiding real pollution issues. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/04/reference-expensive-and-labor-intensive.html
    61. 2009: CLIMATE SCIENTISTS INVENT THE PHRASE “RAPID SEA LEVEL RISE”
      Climate scientists say that climate action has become urgent because of the possibility of rapid sea level rise. We are urged to reduce “greenhouse gas emissions” from fossil fuels because in prior interglacial periods the sea level had risen by as much as 3 meters in 100 years and so we should expect it do so again in the interglacial period in which we now live. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/04/reference-rapid-sea-level-rise.html
    62. 2009: BANGLADESH BEING INUNDATED BY RAPID SEA LEVEL RISE
      The oft repeated claim that Bangladesh is being inundated by rising sea levels caused by man-made climate change ignores the relevant data that the total land mass of the country is not decreasing. In fact, the total land mass of Bangladesh is increasing just as it always has by virtue of silt deposition. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/04/reference-taming-waters-of-bangladesh.html
    63. 2009: THE WORD “ABYSS” IS USED TO SELL FEAR OF CLIMATE CHANGE
      Ban Ki Moon says that we are approaching the abyss and if Copenhagen fails we will soon find ourselves at the abyss – and suddenly everything that any UN bureaucrat says about climate change contains the word abyss. A new climate buzzword has thus been invented to hype the Copenhagen climate summit which incidentally failed miserably just as the rest of them have, all funded by taxpayers. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/09/reference-edge-back-from-abyss-bangkok.html
    64. 2009: COPENHAGEN IS OUR LAST CHANCE. IF WE FAIL, THE PLANET IS TOAST
      Ban Ki-Moon says that he went to the Arctic Ocean and was horrified to see the remains of a glacier that just a few years ago was a majestic mass of ice and that had just collapsed – not slowly melted – just collapsed. He thereby became convinced that the only resolution for the “climate crisis” is a binding emission reduction agreement at the Copenhagen meeting in December 2009: More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/09/reference-why-copenhagen-talks-offer-us.html
    65. 2009: SUMMER ARCTIC SEA ICE EXTENT IN 2009 THE 3RD LOWEST ON RECORD
      The second lowest was 2008 and the first lowest was 2007. This is not a trend that shows that things are getting worse. It shows that things are getting better and yet it is being sold and being bought as evidence that things are getting worse due to rising fossil fuel emissions. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/09/reference-arctic-sea-ice-pack-at-record.html
    66. 2009: USE OF FOSSIL FUELS CAUSING GREENLAND’S GLACIERS TO MELT
      In 2005 two glaciers in Greenland were found to be moving faster than they were in 2001. Scientists concluded from these data that the difference observed was a a long term trend of glacial melt in Greenland and that carbon dioxide was the cause of this trend. The assumed trend was then extrapolated forward and we were told that carbon dioxide would cause the land based ice mass of Greenland to be discharged to the sea and raise the sea level by six meters. They said that the only way out of the devastation was to drastically reduce carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels. However, in 2009, just before a meeting in Copenhagen where these deep cuts in emissions were to be negotiated, it was found that the glaciers had returned to their normal rate of discharge. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/09/reference-effect-of-carbon-dioxide.html
    67. 2009: GLOBAL WARMING IS MELTING HIMALAYAN GLACIERS
      It is claimed that carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels are causing Himalayan glaciers to melt and thereby to threaten devastation but the available data do not support this conclusion. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/09/reference-himalayan-nations-first.html
    68. 2009: THREATENED POLAR BEARS “STARE AT THE MELTING POINT”
      Global warming caused by our use of fossil fuels is driving polar bears to extinction and threatening the livelihood of the people of Nunavut. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/10/reference-staring-at-melting-point.html
    69. 2009: FOSSIL FUELED SEA LEVEL RISE IS INUNDATING SHANGHAI, CHINA
      Climate scientists say that sea level rise due to man-made global warming is causing Shanghai to be inundated with sea water. The truth is that the inundation problem in Shanghai was first noted and measured by geologists back in 1921 when atmospheric carbon dioxide was below 300 ppm. The problem is attributed to subsidence caused by the removal of ground water and the weight of the buildings in the downtown area of the city. The subsidence continues to this day and it is estimated that Shanghai is sinking at an annual rate of about one cm per year. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/10/reference-rising-cities-threaten.html
    70. 2009: BANGLADESH HIT WITH CYCLONES AND CLIMATE REFUGEES
      Bangladeshis displaced by Cyclone Sidr in 2007 are “climate refugees” because they have been rendered homeless by a climate change event that was caused by carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels and it suggests that cyclones like Sidr will continue to ravage this poverty stricken nation unless we forge a plan in Copenhagen and do away with fossil fuels. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/10/reference-climate-refugees-add-strain.html
    71. 2009: THE ARCTIC WILL BE ICE FREE IN SUMMER BY 2029
      An alarm is raised that the extreme summer melt of Arctic sea ice in 2007 was caused by humans using fossil fuels and it portends that in 20 years human caused global warming will leave the Arctic Ocean ice-free in the summer raising sea levels and harming wildlife. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/10/reference-arctic-will-be-ice-free-in-20.html
    72. 2009: SEA LEVEL RISE SINKING SOUTH PACIFIC ATOLLS 
      Our use of fossil fuels causes global warming. Global warming causes sea level rise. Sea level rise causes South Pacific atolls to become inundated. The inundation of these islands creates climate refugees. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/10/worlds-first-climate-refugees-age-july.html
    73. 2009: VOLCANOES & CLIMATE CHANGE: POSITIVE FEEDBACK
      A positive feedback loop from hell that could cause explosive climate change is described between volcanic activity and climate change with each pushing the other forward. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/10/reference-volcanoes-stirred-by-climate.html
    74. 2009: WARMING OCEANS MELT GREENLAND GLACIERS
      Some glaciers on north and northeast Greenland terminate in fiords with long glacier tongues that extend into the sea. It is found that the warming of the oceans caused by our use of fossil fuels is melting these tongues and raising the specter of devastation by sea level rise. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/10/reference-warming-ocean-melts-greenland.html
    75. 2009: THE ARCTIC WILL BE ICE FREE IN SUMMER BY THE YEAR 2012
      Climate scientists continue to extrapolate the extreme summer melt of Arctic sea ice in 2007 to claim that the summer melt of 2007 was a climate change event and that it implies that the Arctic will be ice free in the summer from 2012 onwards. This is a devastating effect on the planet and our use of fossil fuels is to blame. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/10/reference-effects-of-arctic-warming.html
    76. 2009: OUR USE OF FOSSIL FUELS IS MELTING ICE ON KILIMANJARO
      This old Gore hypothesis is endorsed by climate science but ss it turns out, the loss of ice interpreted here was due to aridity and not warming; the process is sublimation not melting; and it started at least as early as 1912 when atmospheric CO2 was below 300 ppm. Furthermore, the ice appears to have stabilized and the various projections of its demise by 2016, 2020, or 2030 have all been withdrawn. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/10/reference-thermostatic-time-bomb.html
    77. 2009: TYPHOON KETSANA WAS A WARNING FROM NATURE
      Typhoon Ketsana devastated the Philippines in 2009 and it was a high profile news item so naturally it was adopted by the United Nations climate meeting in Bangkok to sell their war against fossil fuels. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/10/reference-nature-warns-climate-talkers.html
    78. 2009: SEA LEVEL RISE IS INUNDATING SAMUT PRAKAN, THAILAND
      Encroachment by sea water in the Bangkok Groundwater Area, that includes Samut Prakan, is a well known effect of land subsidence caused by ground water extraction unrelated to carbon dioxide emissions, global warming, or climate change. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-what-and-where-is-our-climate.html
    79. 2009: GLOBAL WARMING IS MELTING THE HIMALAYAN GLACIERS
      Himalayan ice is rapidly vanishing because of human caused global warming and will be gone by 2035. The great rivers of Asia that are originate there will shrivel and die and cease to provide water to a quarter of humanity. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-giant-climate-fraud-in.html
    80. 2009: THE SUMMER SEA ICE EXTENT IN THE ARCTIC WILL BE GONE
      Summer melt of Arctic ice was the third most extensive on record in 2009, second 2008, and the most extensive in 2007. These data show that warming due to our carbon dioxide emissions are causing summer Arctic ice to gradually diminish until it will be gone altogether. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-warming-trend-is-clear.html
    81. 2009: FAILURE AT COPENHAGEN WILL DRIVE SPECIES TO EXTINCTION.
      It would be a sad chapter in human history if we commit economic suicide Jim Jones style in the vain and Quixotic belief that we are in control of the planet’s climate. The human race with all its knowledge and technology, is insignificant on a planetary scale. On what basis do we expect to be able to stabilize nature? We appear to be in the grip of some kind of mass insanity. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-editorial-to-world-urges.html
    82. 2009: SOUTH ASIA IS TOAST: MONSOON CHAOS WILL CAUSE CROP FAILURE
      In 2007, 2008, and 2009 climate science issued the dire warning that global warming caused by our fossil fuel emissions is weakening and destabilizing the annual South Asian monsoon weather pattern. Monsoons in South Asia will be weakened and delayed. The results will be devastating and will include drought, crop failure, and widespread hunger. These dire forecasts were finally withdrawn in 2010 when they were proven false. http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/04/reference-forecasters-predict-good.html
    83. 2009: WARMEST EUROPEAN WINTER ON RECORD IN 2000 IS THE PROOF
      In the unusually cold winter of the year 2009, declared an anomaly and a case of natural variability, climate scientists evaluated the unusually warm winter nine of 2000 not as natural variability nor as an anomaly but as absolute proof of the theory of global warming by way of fossil fuel emissions: More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-running-out-of-time-bangkok.html
    84. 2009: WHEAT CROP FAILURE IN CHINA CAUSED BY CLIMATE CHANGE
      The article pretends to describe wheat production in all of China but cites only the failure of a new venture to grow wheat in semi-desert Gansu Province with where one finds large desert areas and where the only economic activity had been mining. It is true that the experimental wheat farms had rough years in the beginning but by 2017 the experiment had borne fruit with about 3000 hectares under cultivation. Wheat production is booming in the main wheat producing provinces of Heilongjiang, Henan, and Hebei. The implication of the article that wheat production in China has been adversely affected by fossil fueled global warming is inconsistent with the data. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-chinese-farmers-struggle-with.html
    85. 2009: DESTRUCTION ON A GLOBAL SCALE WITH SUPERSTORMS
      In 2005 climate science had latched on to Hurricane Katrina as the harbinger of killer hurricane super storms created by fossil fueled global warming but after no further cyclone activity in the North Atlantic Basin in the next three years, they were rewarded with Cyclone Nargis in the Indian Basin. Though not unusually strong, Nargis did create a freak storm surge in rising tides that swept up the Irrawaddy River in Burma and claimed a horrific death toll. Nargis thus became the biggest news story in Asia. Climate scientists quickly changed their focus from the North Atlantic Basin to the Indian Basin and claimed Cyclone Nargis as a creation of climate change caused by fossil fuel emissions and as the harbinger of “destruction on a global scale” by human caused global warming. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-destruction-on-global-level_18.html
    86. 2009: DESTRUCTION ON A GLOBAL SCALE WITH SEA LEVEL RISE
      Bangladesh is a low lying delta where the Ganges, the Brahmaputra, and other Indian rivers drain. Over the last few decades an explosive growth of shrimp farming along the coast and construction of irrigation dams upstream in India has caused coastal salinity to move further upstream causing considerable harm to agriculture. This tragedy is now claimed by climate science as an impact of fossil fueled global warming by way of rising seas. Yet, if rising seas were the cause of the salinity problem, the land area of Bangladesh would be shrinking – but it is growing. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/12/reference-destruction-on-global-level.html
    87. 2009: THE MEKONG IS TOAST
      The Mekong River is drying up because there is not enough snow in the Himalayas. This tragic situation was created with fossil fuel emissions that cause global warming and climate change. It can be solved by cutting fossil fuel emissions and restoring the Himalayas to their former pristine and unchanging condition. http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/04/reference-non-water-flushing-bangkok.html
    88. 2009: ONE HUNDRED ICEBERGS BREAK OFF FROM ANTARCTICA 
      Human caused global warming is causing havoc in Antarctica with potentially incalculable results. Over one hundred icebergs broke off and a huge flotilla of them are floating up to New Zealand. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/11/reference-over-100-icebergs-drifting-to.html
    89. 2009: ANTARCTICA TO LOSING BILLIONS OF TONS OF ICE
      Our carbon dioxide emissions are causing the East Antarctic ice shelf to lose 57 billion tonnes of ice per year and that if CO2 emissions are not reduced this process could raise sea levels by 5 meters. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/11/reference-ice-loss-at-billions-of-tons.html
    90. 2009: GLOBAL WARMING KILLING OFF THE CARIBOU IN THE YUKON
      In 1989 there were 178000 Porcupine caribou in the Yukon and “their number now is estimated to be 100,000” because global warming is killing off the caribou. Global warming causes freezing rain in the calving season and that makes it hard for calving caribou to feed. But if we don’t cherry pick the start of the study period as 1989 and look at all the available data we find that the population rose steadily from 100000 in 1972 to 178000 in 1989 and then decreased steadily down to 120000 in 2005. These data suggest, and caribou biologists agree, that caribou populations go through a 30 to 40-year cycle of growth and decay. This population dynamic cannot be related to global warming or carbon dioxide. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/11/reference-decline-of-caribou-bangkok.html
    91. 2009: GUANGDONG CHINA HIT WITH DROUGHT AND WATER SHORTAGE
      Drought and a drinking water shortage in Guangdong are the result of global warming due to too much carbon dioxide in the air put there by our use of fossil fuels. However, China’s very extensive historical weather record in the Fang Zhi shows that cycles of drought and flood have been characteristic of this region for 2500 years long before atmospheric carbon dioxide rose above 300 ppm. Guangdong’s growing drinking water crisis is due to rapid industrialization and population growth with large numbers of migrant workers flooding into the region. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2009/10/reference-fallout-of-global-warming.html
    92. 2010: ICELAND IS TOAST: CLIMATE CHANGE CAUSING VOLCANIC ERUPTION
      Fossil fuel emissions cause global warming, global warming in turn causes glaciers in Iceland to melt, and melting glaciers lighten the weight of the ice cap on volcanoes and thereby trigger eruptions (Ice cap thaw may awaken Icelandic volcanoes, April 17, 2010). That it was geothermal activity that caused the melting of the Eyjafjallajoekull glacier is not mentioned. Instead climate science tells us that the we must cut fossil fuel emissions to save Iceland from climate change hell. http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/04/reference-ice-cap-thaw-may-awaken.html
      http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/04/reference-800-flee-eruption-bangkok.html
    93. 2010: RISING SEA LEVEL SINKS COASTAL ISLAND IN BANGLADESH
      Climate science says that fossil fueled global warming is causing ice to melt and sea levels to rise and that the destruction that this process can cause is already evident in that the ocean has taken back an island from Bangladesh. (Note: New Moore Island, Talpatti in local lingo, is one of many evanescent islands that come and go on the coast of this delta nation but in the net land is gained not lost). More info here http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/03/reference-rising-sea-levels-sinks-new.html
    94. 2010: CLIMATE CHANGE IS KILLING OFF POLAR BEARS AND THE WALRUSES
      Global warming is melting ice in the Arctic and devastating the ecosystem that nurtures the habitats of the Polar Bear and the Walrus. Urgent climate action is needed to save these great creatures of the North. More info: http://chaamjamal.blogspot.com/2010/01/reference-walruses-suffer-losses-as-sea.html